Assessment of food safety risks associated with
pre-slaughter activities during the traditional
slaughter of goats in Gaut...
Background

 In 2012 population of goats was approx.
2.033 millions
 Less than 0.5% are slaughtered at
registered abatto...
Background
 Regulation 79 & 80 (Meat Safety Act, 2000) prescribes

o
o

declaration of health to be provided before slau...
Background
 Handling of animals prior to
slaughter influences food safety
risks.
 Important factors include:





Pr...
Research problem
 Investigate pre-slaughter
activities associated with
traditional/ritual slaughter in SA.
 Assess the p...
Methodology
The study area: taxi ranks & informal markets located in
Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality- second largest in
...
Results (Demographic profile)
 Out of a total of 105 respondents
 Males (54.3%),
 Females (45.7%).
 Respondents came f...
Results & Discussion
 Sources of goats


Approx. 70 % of goats slaughtered come from
o neighbours (20.6%),
o subsistence...
Results and Discussion
 Transportation and holding of animals



The majority (67.6%) source goats from 1-11 km.
o Comp...
Results and Discussion

 Preslaughter Health Assessment:




Health certificate: none of the respondents requests for H...
Results and Discussion
 Preslaughter Health Assessment:
 Antemortem inspection


Based on 21 respondents (had observed ...
Conclusion
 Study shows that traditional & ritual slaughter involves
pre-slaughter activities with potential to mitigate ...
Conclusion
Some pre-slaughter activities have potential to
propagate hazards
 Stressing animals prior to slaughter & lon...
Aknowledgements
University of South Africa
 Sponsored my trip here

University of Pretoria


where study was done

IL...
Thank you
Questions and
comments are
welcome
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Assessment of food safety risks associated with pre-slaughter activities during the traditional slaughter of goats in Gauteng, South Africa

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Presentation by James Oguttu and Nenene Qekwana at the 2013 Conference of Researchers and Workers in Animal Diseases (CRWAD), Chicago, Illinois, 8-10 December 2013.

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Assessment of food safety risks associated with pre-slaughter activities during the traditional slaughter of goats in Gauteng, South Africa

  1. 1. Assessment of food safety risks associated with pre-slaughter activities during the traditional slaughter of goats in Gauteng, South Africa Dr James Oguttu1 and Dr Nenene Qekwana2 1= University of South Africa, 2= Universityof Pretoria Conference of Researchers and Workers in Animal Diseases (CRWAD) 8-10 December 2013 Chicago, Illinois
  2. 2. Background  In 2012 population of goats was approx. 2.033 millions  Less than 0.5% are slaughtered at registered abattoirs o Informal slaughter is prevalent  Meat Safety Act 40 of 2000 permits traditional/cultural slaughter  Meat is used for own consumption and not sold
  3. 3. Background  Regulation 79 & 80 (Meat Safety Act, 2000) prescribes  o o declaration of health to be provided before slaughter. mitigate food safety risks associated with slaughter of animals Prevent animals not fit for human consumption entering the food chain.  During informal slaughter food safety associated hazards are not controlled    No food safety quality assurance in traditional or ritual slaughter Animals presented for slaughter may be asymptomatic In SA & other African countries incidences of foodborne diseases associate with meat from informal slaughter occurs
  4. 4. Background  Handling of animals prior to slaughter influences food safety risks.  Important factors include:     Prevailing conditions at source The length of time animals are exposed to stressful conditions Conditions during transportation Food withdrawal or the lack of before slaughter
  5. 5. Research problem  Investigate pre-slaughter activities associated with traditional/ritual slaughter in SA.  Assess the potential of these preslaughter activities to mitigate hazards associated with goat meat from informal slaughter
  6. 6. Methodology The study area: taxi ranks & informal markets located in Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality- second largest in Gauteng Province & among the six biggest metropolitan municipalities in South Africa The study population: The people found at taxi ranks within Tshwane - people from areas within & outside the city (other provinces of the Republic of South Africa) Data collection: Structured interviews with respondents (n=105)
  7. 7. Results (Demographic profile)  Out of a total of 105 respondents  Males (54.3%),  Females (45.7%).  Respondents came from following provinces: o Gauteng province (61.9%), o Limpopo province (15.2%) o Mpumalanga (10.5%), o Free State (1.9%).  Neighbouring countries: Zimbabwe ( 3.8%) & Mozambique (1%)
  8. 8. Results & Discussion  Sources of goats  Approx. 70 % of goats slaughtered come from o neighbours (20.6%), o subsistence farmers (14.7%), o own goats (30%)  These are traceable sources  Rest source from auctions & speculators-traceability is problem
  9. 9. Results and Discussion  Transportation and holding of animals   The majority (67.6%) source goats from 1-11 km. o Complies with < 36 hrs Majority (70%) uses vehicles to transport goats o Vehicles are not designed for transporting animals-public or private vehicles  Holding goats prior to slaughter  Majority tie the animal to a tree, & others use a kraal o holding period is between 1-72 hrs o > 70% of the animals are slaughtered within 36
  10. 10. Results and Discussion  Preslaughter Health Assessment:   Health certificate: none of the respondents requests for H/C o characteristics of the animal as required by the ancestors more important Pre-purchase examination: Only 20% (n=21) perform prepurchase inspection before purchasing, o 12 (57%) indicated they had ante-mortem examination experience. o Experience is gained through informal training by older relatives. • Respected/elders in the community with experience in ritual slaughter
  11. 11. Results and Discussion  Preslaughter Health Assessment:  Antemortem inspection  Based on 21 respondents (had observed &/or performed ante-mortem inspection) o the criteria for antemortem inspection: • Employs a systems approach • Very detailed • However, it is based on indigenous knowledge & not scientific
  12. 12. Conclusion  Study shows that traditional & ritual slaughter involves pre-slaughter activities with potential to mitigate for food safety hazards   buying goats from known and traceable sources Transporting animals within 36 hr period  However in general pre-slaughter activities may not offer adequate protection to consumers of such meat  There is a need for measures that guarantee that only healthy animals are slaughter –health certificate
  13. 13. Conclusion Some pre-slaughter activities have potential to propagate hazards  Stressing animals prior to slaughter & long holding times Meat Safety Act 40 of 2000 needs to be enforced where it applies Act should be reviewed to provide guidelines to improve on risk mitigate during traditional slaughter of goats.
  14. 14. Aknowledgements University of South Africa  Sponsored my trip here University of Pretoria  where study was done ILRI  Sponsored the study
  15. 15. Thank you Questions and comments are welcome

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