FAO‐ECTAD network and control strategy for ASF


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Presented by Bouna Diop and Sam Okuthe at the Closing workshop of the BecA‐ILRI‐CSIRO‐AusAID project on Understanding ASF epidemiology as a basis for control, Nairobi, Kenya, 2‐3 October 2013

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FAO‐ECTAD network and control strategy for ASF

  1. 1. Analysis of African Swine Fever epidemiology and pig value chains to underpin design of  an ASF risk management strategy on the Kenya‐Uganda border Closing workshop of the BecA‐ILRI‐CSIRO‐AusAID project (2011‐13):  Understanding ASF epidemiology as a basis for control 2nd‐3rd October, 2013. Sarova PanAfric Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya Bouna DIOP and Sam OKUTHE,  FAO‐ECTAD FAO‐ECTAD network and control strategy for ASF
  2. 2. REGIONAL ANIMAL HEALTH NETWORKS  AND CONTROL STRATEGY FOR ASF Closing workshop BecA‐ILRI‐CSIRO‐AusAid project Cl i k h B A ILRI CSIRO A Aid j t Nairobi, 2 – 3 October, 2013 Bouna Diop & Sam Okuthe ECTAD Nairobi
  3. 3. FAO ECTAD Mission FAO ECTAD Mission The Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) established in July 2007 aims to: Promote FAO/AGAH/ECTAD strategies in relation to TADs and other emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases re emerging Ensure dissemination of AH information as well as its collection Advice the national VS on any technical matters related to TADs and zoonoses Assist national VS to strengthen their capacity to address and manage TADs Support establishment and running of regional platform for coordination of the control of TADs, zoonoses and EIDs Provide rapid response in case of outbreaks (CMC-AH) Perform diseases tracking in collaboration with FAO GLEWS HQ.
  4. 4. Geographic coverage Geographic coverage 12 countries: • • • • • • • Burundi • DRC • Ethiopia E hi i • Rwanda South Sudan South Sudan • • Tanzania Djibouti Eritrea Kenya K Somalia Sudan Uganda One of the highest concentrations of  domestics  animals worldwide One of the largest wildlife population in  the world
  5. 5. Regional Animal Health Networks g REMESA EARLN & EAREN RESOLAB & RESEPI WA RESOLAB & RESEPI CA EIS & Veterinary Laboratory and Diagnostic
  6. 6. Regional Networks in Eastern Africa g Laboratory (EARLN) and epidemiology (EAREN) regional networks have been established since 2008 and 2009 respectively as fora for national epidemiologists and laboratory experts, to: y Increase harmonization  Improve information sharing Improve information sharing Review national disease surveillance,  response and control programmes, p p g , Analyse regional and international  disease trends Provide early warning at national level Make recommendations to policy  p y makers
  7. 7. EA Sub Network ‐ FMD  A Sub Network FM  EARLN‐FMD • EARLN‐FMD involved in FMD control programmes • Annual network meetings Annual network meetings  • ISO 17025 and 9001 activities in selected  laboratories  laboratories • Laboratory trainings  • Development of a model field and laboratory  manual for FMD sampling, surveillance, and  diagnosis
  8. 8. Recent developments in astern Africa Recent developments in Eastern Africa   Establishment of a Regional Animal Health  g Network  • C Composed by CVOs d b CVO • An umbrella for the regional animal health related  • • networks (EARLN, EAREN) First meeting held in June 2013 in Addis Ababa CVOs Kenya and Sudan appointed as Coordinator  and deputy Coordinators. and deputy Coordinators.
  9. 9. Suggested setting of the Regional Networks  gg g g REC Regional Animal Health  g Network (CVOs) Network  coordinator Technical partners Regional  Communication  Network Regional  Epidemiology  Network Ad hoc  working group Regional  Laboratory  Network Ad hoc  working group Sub‐Networks  (for example FMD Sub‐Network) Regional Socio‐ economic  Network
  10. 10. Recent developments in Eastern Africa  p  Appointment of Regional Networks Coordinators: Appointment of Regional Networks Coordinators: • Regional laboratory network: Uganda & Ethiopia • Regional epidemiology network: Kenya & Tanzania  First meeting of Regional Network Coordinators held  in Nairobi 29 – 30 November 2012 in Nairobi, 29 – 30 November 2012.  Establishment of ASF Working Group
  11. 11. ASF issues – Mombasa Meeting g ASF Issues highlighted during the Mombasa meeting: g g g g  At institutional level: • Lack of common/harmonized regional animal Lack of common/harmonized regional animal  health policies and disease control strategies,  • Lack of animal health information sharing within  the region,  • Weak preparedness, contingency and recovery  plans that includes compensation, and other  plans that includes compensation, and other Standard Operating Procedures.
  12. 12. ASF issues – Mombasa Meeting g  At technical level: • I d Inadequacies of national and regional  i f i l d i l epidemiological units capacities  • Lack of data for descriptive and analytical analysis  (p g , p , (pig distribution, trade patterns, environment  data; socio economic impact of the disease and  control measures) control measures) • Weakness in sample collection, applied diagnostic  procedures, available human resources and  d il bl h d equipment capacities, • Absence of an ASF regional support laboratory  constrain control efforts.
  13. 13. ASF recommendations – Mombasa Meeting g  Eastern Africa ASF working to be set up to address  ASF issues ASF i • Initial members to be from actively reporting  countries  and where pig population significant in the  region (Burundi, DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and  Uganda) • Uganda as the working group coordinator ll b • Collaborating institutions: AU‐IBAR, FAO, ILRI, SVA‐ Sweden, Institutes of Higher learning – UoN, SUA and  MUK. MUK • Focal points to be nominated within a month
  14. 14. ASF recommendations – Mombasa Meeting g  Advocacy for the increasing importance of the pig  sector and consequently increasing impact of the  sector and consequently increasing impact of the disease il li bl d t ASF d  C ll t d Collect and compile reliable data on ASF and  information sharing  Development of an implementation framework for the  prevention and control for EA based on the regional  strategy currently under development  Policy formulation, advocacy and harmonization of  interventions  Identify the regional diagnostic lab for ASF y g g  Identify researchable areas to control the  disease.
  15. 15. ASF Working Group – Launching g p g  ASF W ki G ASF Working Group  launched during a  Regional Training of  p Trainers Workshop on  veterinary  epidemiology epidemiology  surveillance workshop  organised by FAO in  organised by FAO in Kampala 11 to 14 June  2013 
  16. 16. ASF Working Group – Country Focal Points g p y Burundi DRC Kenya Rwanda Tanzania Uganda Nsanganiyumwami Deogratias Muhindo Selemani h d Joseph Monda Mwenedata Jean Claude Meshak Loomu Noelina Nantima, Coordinator Noelina Nantima Coordinator
  17. 17. ASF Working Group – Action Plan g p  National consultation on national strategies for the  control of ASF probably facilitated by FAO  Create modalities for the selection of regional  diagnostic labs for ASF using the model from AI Establish a framework for sampling at the field level  Establish a framework for sampling at the field level  Undertake more data collection on distribution of  diseases  Compile country specific reports on ASF  Harmonize surveillance of ASF i ill f S  Develop preparedness and contingency plans
  18. 18. ASF Working Group – Action Plan g p  Develop tools for sharing information  Sharing information between cross border districts and  cross‐border collaboration in outbreak investigations  Create a harmonized  framework for the preparation of  awareness messages and communication strategies for  awareness messages and communication strategies for livestock keepers  ASF sub‐network working group to look into sylvatic ASF sub‐network working group to look into sylvatic cycles   Bring on board other stakeholders including private Bring on board other stakeholders including private  sector, conservation agencies and farmers  S Strategy for social mobilization and advocacy f i l bili i d d  Resource mobilization
  19. 19. ASF Regional Control Strategy g gy  Jointly developed through the technical partners  (FAO, ILRI and AU‐IBAR) (FAO ILRI d AU IBAR)  Fast draft produced p  Distribution for comments and inputs VISION VISIO  African continent where ASF no longer constrains  g sustainable pig production and rural development or  threatens livelihoods. This will contribute to food and  threatens livelihoods This will contribute to food and nutrition security, poverty alleviation and economic  growth in Africa  th i Af i
  20. 20. ASF Regional Control Strategy g gy OBJECTIVES  To control ASF in infected countries and   To prevent the introduction of ASF into non‐ infected countries.  infected countries.
  21. 21. ASF Regional Control Strategy g gy OUTPUTS  E id i l Epidemiology and socio‐economic drivers for ASF  d i i di f ASF status, spread, prevention and control are better  d t d understood  Awareness of farmers, butchers and other pig sector  stakeholders is raised t k h ld i i d  Capacities of veterinary services in disease detection,  di i ill t ti diagnosis, surveillance, management, contingency  planning and emergency response as well as  risk  analysis are strengthened l i t th d  Prevalence and impact of ASF are reduced  P f Performance of pig and pork value chains are  f i d k l h i improved. 
  22. 22. ASF Regional Control Strategy g gy STRATEGIC APROACH Three founding principles:  Knowledge‐based: Controlling ASF should be based on  the best available epidemiological and socio economic  the best available epidemiological and socio‐economic knowledge, experiences and on optimal preparedness  to reduce prevalence and prevent further spread of to reduce prevalence and prevent further spread of  ASF recognizing that eradication may not be possible in  the current African context. the current African context
  23. 23. ASF Regional Control Strategy g gy STRATEGIC APROACH (2)  Area‐specific: Responding to ASF entails a) addressing  country‐specific and sector‐specific epidemiological  scenarios and technical options for its prevention and  control; b) developing regional and national capacities  to monitor the scenarios, implement and maintain  these technical options; c) providing sustainable,  technically sound and socially equitable support against  ASF
  24. 24. ASF Regional Control Strategy g gy STRATEGIC APROACH (3)  Holistic approach: Considering that the predominant  pig production system predisposes rapid transmission  and spread of the disease, the strategy promotes  gradual transformation of the less bio‐secure small‐ scale scavenging production system into more bio‐ secure small‐scale semi‐intensive production system.  The strategy promotes also biosecurity in the semi‐ intensive and intensive production systems.
  25. 25. ASF regional Control Strategy 25
  26. 26. THANK YOU!