Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Unlocking livestock development potential through science, influence and capacity developmentILRI APM, Addis Ababa, 15-17 M...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Mapping distributions of ticks and tick-borne diseases in Africa: Effects of climate change and the implications for human and animal health

667 views

Published on

Poster prepared by Rothen, J., Bishop, R., Mwaura, S., Pfluger, V., Daubenberger, C. and Olds, C. for the ILRI APM 2013, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Mapping distributions of ticks and tick-borne diseases in Africa: Effects of climate change and the implications for human and animal health

  1. 1. Unlocking livestock development potential through science, influence and capacity developmentILRI APM, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013Developing capacity Influencing decisionsMapping  distribu.ons  of  .cks  and  .ck-­‐borne  diseases  in  Africa:  effects  of  climate  change  and  the  implica.ons  for  human  and  animal  health.      This  document  is  licensed  for  use  under  a  Crea3ve  Commons  A6ribu3on-­‐Noncommercial-­‐Share  Alike  3.0  Unported  License                May  2013    3 strategic lessons on:  !   Aiding  .ck  and  .ck-­‐borne  disease  control  protocols    Rothen,  J.,  Bishop,  R.,  Mwaura,  S,  Pflüger,  V.,  Daubenberger,  C.,  Olds,  C.  Delivering scienceTHE  PROBLEM      Tick  distribu.ons  are  determined  by  clima.c  factors  such  as  temperature,  precipita.on  and  humidity.    Tick   distribu.ons   are   shiKing   drama.cally   due   to   climate  change.     Consequently,   the   epidemiology   of   .ck-­‐borne  diseasess   are   changing   with   far   reaching   implica.ons   for  animal  and  human  health.    Maps  ploMng  current  .ck  distribu.ons  in  Africa  are  needed  to  understand  and  predict  .ck-­‐borne  diseases.      Matrix-­‐assisted   laser   desorp.on/ioniza.on-­‐Time   of   flight  (MALDI-­‐TOF)   mass   spectroscopy   is   able   to   iden.fy   .ck  species   cheaper   and   faster   than   other   molecular  techniques.          !   Mapping  .cks  for  human  and  livestock  health  !   Developing  databases  for  .ck  iden.fica.on  !   Developing  predic.on  models  for  .ck  and  .ck-­‐borne  disease  distribu.on    !   Training  human  and  veterinary  health  professionals  in  .ck  iden.fica.on  !   Mentoring  students    THE  SOLUTION      Collect  .cks  from  livestock,  humans  and  companion  animals  as  well  as  field  traps.      Iden.fy  .cks  using  MALDI-­‐TOF.        Iden.fy  any  .ck-­‐borne  diseases  present  in  collected  .cks.        Create  new  distribu.on  maps  for  .ck  species  within  Africa.        Create  models  for  further  .ck  and  .ck-­‐borne  disease  distribu.ons.        THE  PROGRESS      Reference   MALDI-­‐TOF   profies   have   been   created   for  economically  important  .cks  of  livestock  in  Africa.    Field   .ck   species   correctly   iden.fied   in   a   ‘proof   of  concept’  experiment.    Large  scale  .ck  collec.ons  should  be  carried  out  covering  various  geographic  areas  within  Africa  and  the  data  used  to  update  .ck  distribu.on  maps.        COLLABORATORS    Claudia  Daubenberger,  Swiss  Tropical  and  Public  Health  Ins.tute,  Switzerland.    Valen.n  Pflüger  and  Julian  Rothen,  Mabritec,  Switzerland.      

×