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A cooperative village breeding schemefor smallholder sheep farming systems inEthiopiaSolomon Gizaw, Tesfaye Getachew, Shen...
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A cooperative village breeding scheme for smallholder sheep farming systems in Ethiopia

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Poster prepared by Solomon Gizaw, Tesfaye Getachew, Shenkute Goshme, Okeyo Mwai and Tadelle Dessie for the ILRI APM 2013, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013

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A cooperative village breeding scheme for smallholder sheep farming systems in Ethiopia

  1. 1. A cooperative village breeding schemefor smallholder sheep farming systems inEthiopiaSolomon Gizaw, Tesfaye Getachew, Shenkute Goshme, Okeyo Mwai, Tadelle DessieMain message• Farmers’ traditional breeding practices arecharacterized by lack of genetic progress inproductivity.• Appreciable genetic improvement can beachieved in village sheep if appropriatebreeding schemes are adopted.Methods• A pilot Menz sheep village-basedbreeding program was set up in 2009 intwo villages in Menz region.• The design of the village breedingprogram included the following keyelements:• the villagers were organized asa cooperative breeding group;• village-based recording,selection and mating schemeswere designed.PicturesConclusion• Analysis of 8 years data from the traditional farmersbreeding practice showed that genetic trends in bodyweights of village flocks have stagnated.• Introducing cooperative village breeding practices isfeasible and appreciable genetic improvements can beachieved.Purpose• The purpose of this project wasto improve the geneticmerit/productivity of Menzsheep, thereby improving itseconomic value to thecommunity and its survival as abreed.• The specific objective of the pilotbreeding program was toevaluate the feasibility of geneticimprovement under smallholderfarming systems in Ethiopia.Tadelle Dessiet.dessie@cgiar.org ● Addis Ababa Ethiopia Box 5689 +251 091 160 3057 ● ilri.orgThis paper is part of the 1st author’s postdoctoral research sponsored by ILRI/DAAD; theproject was funded by ARARI.This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution –Non commercial-Share Alike 3.0Unported Licence May 2013April 2013Findings• Under farmers traditional breeding practices(Fig. 1), the average annual increments inbody weights at birth, 3 and 6 months were0.004, 0.11 and –0.12 kg, respectively.• Village-based selection activities need tocorrespond to the peak lambing season tomaximize selection intensity (Fig. 2).• Under cooperative breeding practices (Fig.3), the total genetic lift in birth, 3-month and6-month weights were 0.49, 2.29 and 2.39 kgover the base generation.0246810121997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004weight(kg)Year of BirthBirth weight weaning weight Six month weight02468101214161st Generation2nd Generation3rd Generation4th Generation 1st Generation2nd Generation3rd Generation 1st Generation2nd Generation3rd GenerationBirth weight 3 month weight 6 month weightWeight(kg)050100150200250300350Numberoflambsborn2010 lambing 2011 lambing 2012 lambingFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3

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