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Livestock and human health: The good, the bad, the gaps

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Presentation by Delia Grace for ILRI Annual Program Meeting, Addis Ababa, 15 April 2010

Livestock and human health: The good, the bad, the gaps

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Livestock and human health:  the good, the bad, the gaps Delia Grace, ILRI ILRI APM, Addis Ababa, April 2010
Human Health Bads & Goods Huge impact Moderate or ?  impact Small impact Zoonoses EID Drug resistance An.SF & Chronic dis. Occupational hazard Nutrition Dis. resistance Psycho-social benefits Ecosystem services
Big Bad: Zoonoses ,[object Object],[object Object],But  in poor countries 1 in 10 will die from a zoonosis Adapted from Ecker et al., BMC Microbiol. Killer infections
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Roth et al., WHO Bull
Big bad: EID ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Big bad: EID ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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Livestock and human health: The good, the bad, the gaps

  • 1. Livestock and human health: the good, the bad, the gaps Delia Grace, ILRI ILRI APM, Addis Ababa, April 2010
  • 2. Human Health Bads & Goods Huge impact Moderate or ? impact Small impact Zoonoses EID Drug resistance An.SF & Chronic dis. Occupational hazard Nutrition Dis. resistance Psycho-social benefits Ecosystem services
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. Randolph et al., JAS Randolph et al., JAS Animals Owned Nutritional (Growth) Status Health Status + + Probability of Zoonotic Disease Animal Production Food Crop Production Food Crop Sales Animal & Product Sales + + + + - HH Income + + (Child) Dietary Intake + Level of Care/Feeding Behaviour + Labor Allocated to Livestock + - Labor Demands on (Female) Caregiver Hired Labor - Total Labor Demands + + + Health Inputs + Food Crop Purchases ASF Purchases HH Crop Consumption HH ASF Consumption + + + - + Nutrient Interactions Chronic Disease Risk + - Land allocation to feed Traction, nutrient cycling + - + + + + + (Female) Caregiver Income + + Wage Labour by (Female) Caregiver - - + Environmental Toxin Concentration - + Cognitive Performance + + AIDS Complications - Arrows between variables indicate hypothesized causal relationships. The + or - signs indicate hypothesized direction of effects. test test
  • 11.
  • 12. Malaysia: climate and malaria 1967-1971 : MEP 1982: Vector-borne Diseases Control Program- Policy, program & strategy development 2003: National Drug Resistance Surveillance Program 1961: Pilot Malaria Eradication Project 2006: National Treatment Review Committee: ACT 1990-92 : Field trial on insecticide treated bednet (ITN) 1993: Nationwide Use of ITN 2004: Renewed studies on simian malaria 1972-1981: Anti-Malaria Program 0 50000 300000 1961 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005 Number of Cases Temperature 25 30
  • 13.
  • 14.  
  • 15.
  • 16. Thank you for your attention