Apiculture value chain development based on experiences of IPMS and partners
Apiculture value chain development based on experiences of IPMS and partners. Tilahun GebeyPresented at the 19th Ethiopian Society of Animal production Annual Conference 15-17 December 2011
Presentation outline:1. Apiculture sites2. Main diagnostic findings3. Main value chain interventions4. Impact5. Challenges/lessons learnt
1. Apiculture sites Apiculture site 1. Adaa 2. Alaba 3. Atsibi 4. Bure 5. Fogera 6. Goma
2. Main diagnostic findings Farmers and traders recognized the market potential for honey production. Market price less affected by quality, Inadequate knowledge and skills on commercial apiculture production systems among value chain actors and service providers, Traditional beekeeping was mans job, women unfriendly beekeeping and honey harvesting .
2. Main diagnostic findings… Past development strategies focused on introduction of frame hives and less emphasis; bee management skill and bee forage development, the occupancy rates was very low, Input and service supply system for improved apiculture was insufficient, Weak linkages between farmers, other value chain actors and service providers Lack of documentation
3. Main value chain interventionsAgricultural extensionSkills development Practical training conducted for husband and wife on bee colony management, proper placing apiaries, harvesting and becolony dearth period mgnt etc Field days conducted for scaling out Training manuals developed and used in wider.Knowledge management www.eap.gov.et. , Study tours organized, Facilitated thesis research, Video production,Linkage value chain actors linkages created for input supply and marketing Honey value chain platform formed
3. Main value chain interventions….Input supply Involve small scale carpenters, bee keepers hives making, Involve cooperative and private shops in the sale of beekeeping equipment, Increase supply of bee colonies by splitting techniques, Credit accessed for beekeeping private shop.
3. Main value chain interventions…Production Introductions of Modern and topbar hives technologies based on: market demand, cost/benefit consideration, Availabilities of honey extractors Improving the availability of beeforage development through: various intervention: plantation of multipurpose bee forages, rehabilitation of grazing areas, Hillside closure site Better hive management as a result of keeping beehives near to the residences or Backyard.
3. Main value chain interventions….Processing /marketing Stimulate cooperatives and private sector partners to develop village level honey extracting Honey from improved hives is a new product, which requites a new market, predominantly outside the District. New market channels have to be developed to link Districts with large urban centers and exporters. Credit facilitated for processing equipment purchase.
4. Results of household Parameter Traditional Beehive Low-cost Top-bar Beehive Frame Type Beehive Very cheap, Every Cheap, probably those people Very expensive, always made by material for the hive is who couldn’t manufacture carpentor. Morethan 1,500 Birr Cost of hive locally available, strong precision top bar need to skill exist purchase. Up to 120 Birrcost No need of sophisticated Top-bar hive management Highly dependent on very expensive equipment needs protective clothing more accessory equipment,: honey extractor; Accessorie than the traditional hive since it casting moulds; protective clothing etc. s is opened more than the traditional hive Fixed comb – difficult to Moveable comb – easy to Moveable comb – easy to inspect and Comb inspect, & harvesting inspect and harvesting doesn’t harvesting doesn’t kill bees. Much better manageme many bees & the brood kill bees and damage brood. than Topbar nt are killed. Colonies can be easily Swarm control and/or queen rearing Swarm Impossible reproduced by simple colony techniques is possible and highly control splitting techniques. developed &commercialised. Easy as the comb is moveable Easy to select and remove. 25kg andBenefit and doesn’t need further more pure honey/hive/season. extractor unless it is needed. Honey Difficult to harvest as the 18kg hive/season. production comb is fixed type and low Honey harvest will remain Honey harvest will remain consistent, as and quality quality. 5-7kg/hive consistent, as the content of the content of the hive undamaged during the hive is not damaged during harvesting. harvesting. Up to one kilogram More than one kilogram per Very minimum, in fact wax is an input into Beeswax harvest per year year frame hives, although bees will add to it. Other All types oh honey products; products No experience Proplis, propolis, royal jelly,
4. Results of household ….Input supply: Multiplication of bee colonies by some honey producers has started in Atsbi, Fogera, Bure and Alaba, It was observed that some trained farmers in Bure also passed their newly acquired skills to neighboring farmers, Hive making by local carpenters and/or farmers is on- going in Goma, Fogera, Bure and Alaba. Supply of foundation sheets in Goma as a business is on-going as an alternative ways of input supply
5. Results of household …. Small-scale private processing with locally made honey extractors is working very well in Goma where there is more Frame type hive distributed, Providing honey extraction services to other farmers as business Birr 50/night or Birr 10/hive. Gender: traditionally, beekeeping is mans job due to hives kept on tree, and risky while harvesting. But now women involvement is high as a result of backyard beekeeping approach, Environment: Apiculture is known for its positive interaction with other farm activities through pollination of various planted crops, which increase fruit and seed setting.
6. Impact selected across IPMS PLWs Year of production 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10ParametersNo. of HH producing honey 1,745 2,315 3,494 3,963 5,074No. of modern hives - - - - 13,452No. of modern hivesoccupied with colony 2,659 3,408 6,460 7,738 8,266Total production (kg) 155,730 172,381 239,913 226,233 348,785Average price (Birr/kg) 20.04 26.23 31.32 34.85 49.34Volume sold (kg/year) 0 0 0 0 329,106Total revenue (Birr) 3,120,819 4,521,209 7,514,555 7,883,315 17,208,335Proportion of HH sellingHoney to those producing(%) 91.9 94.71 95.05 93.37 85.62
6. Impact selected across IPMS PLWs9,000 20,000,0008,000 18,000,0007,000 16,000,000 14,000,0006,000 Total Revenue 12,000,0005,000 10,000,0004,000 8,000,0003,000 6,000,0002,000 4,000,0001,000 2,000,000 - 0 0 0 0 329,106 - 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 No. of HH producing honey No. of modern hives occupied with bee colony Total honey production (kg) Volume sold (kg/year) Total revenue (Birr)
6. Apiculture lesson learnt/challenges Management of bee forage resources with change in land use, cereals domination Intensive use of pesticides and herbicide, use of environmental friendly chemical/practices, Alternative input supply system required additional attention Some of innovation activities not scaled out as we anticipated, Honey collection/processing/selling Cooperative not properly managing, Private entrepreneurs not entering Linkages with larger scale commercial firms not efficient