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The influence of livestock-derived foods on nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life: Research report launch

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Presentation by Silvia Alonso, Mats Lannerstad, Paula Dominguez-Salas and Delia Grace at the Agriculture Nutrition and Health Academy Week, Accra, Ghana, 26 June 2018.

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The influence of livestock-derived foods on nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life: Research report launch

  1. 1. Research report launch The influence of livestock-derived foods on nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life Silvia Alonso, Mats Lannerstad, Paula Dominguez-Salas and Delia Grace Agriculture, Nutrition and Health Academy Week Accra, Ghana 26 June 2018
  2. 2. Session Outline 2 Dr Mats Lannerstad Report co-author Researcher on Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems, Sweden Dr Silvia Alonso Report co-author Scientist, Epidemiologist, ILRI Dr Namukolo Covic Research Coordinator in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Ethiopia Dr Julia de Bruyn Researcher and lecturer in nutrition Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK Dr Iain Wright Deputy Director General - Research International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya Facilitator: Report presentation: Panel discussion:
  3. 3. Livestock matter(s)
  4. 4. Report research questions • What impacts do livestock-derived foods (LDF) have on nutrition? • How do livestock interventions and production contribute to nutrition outcomes? • What are the health and environment side effects and risks of consuming livestock-derived foods?
  5. 5. 1669 records identified (w/o duplicates) • PubMed, CabDirect, Cochrane • Double screening • Double data extraction 13 papers selected Does an effect of LDF on nutrition exist?
  6. 6. Findings - LDF for nutrition Research evidence • Few articles; fewer studies (meat, milk) • Only 3 studies first 1,000 days • Variable (mostly low) quality
  7. 7. Findings - LDF for nutrition Research evidence • Few articles; fewer studies (meat, milk) • Only 3 studies first 1,000 days • Variable (mostly low) quality Effects on nutrition • Milk for linear growth and MUAC • Meat better than milk for cognitive development • Higher effect on malnourished • Effect on micronutrient status: Inconsistent results
  8. 8. What can we comfortably say? More research needed… of higher quality Rather positive findings… enough evidence?
  9. 9. Report research questions • What impacts do livestock-derived foods (LDF) have on nutrition? • How do livestock interventions and production contribute to nutrition outcomes? • What are the health and environment side effects and risks of consuming livestock-derived foods?
  10. 10. Livestock interventions and nutrition Can livestock interventions (i.e. increasing productivity, animal transfer…) impact on nutrition outcomes in first 1,000 days? Does an evidence base exist to promote livestock interventions to improve nutrition outcomes?
  11. 11. Animals owned Land allocatio n to feed - + Traction, nutrient cycling - + Food crop producti on + Animal and + product sales + Food crop sales + Animal producti on + + Labour allocated to livestock + Food crop + purchases + + Probability of zoonotic disease Health inputs + + Water transpo rt HH inco meChronic disease risk + + HH LDF Consump- tion + Environmental toxin concentratio n Food- borne diseases + ASF purcha ses + + (Female) caregiver income + Nutrient interactio ns- + + - - - - + + HH crop consumpt ion+ (Child) dietary intake + + + + + Cognitive performan ce+ Total labour demand s - AIDS complicati ons Level of care/fee ding behaviou r - Wage labour by (female) caregiver -+ + Hired labour - Labour demands on + (female) caregiver Nutritional (growth) status Health status Complex pathways
  12. 12. Findings – Interventions and nutrition MAY CAN DO Improve availability of LDF Increase incomes Impact malnutrition determinants Improve diets Micronutrient intake Influence nutrition status
  13. 13. Greater impact if coupled other interventions • Women • WASH/education Provide enabling environments • Maximize impact of nutrition-specific interventions
  14. 14. New value chains due to rural to urban transformation
  15. 15. Take home messages 1. Let’s keep working! 2. Embrace complexity 3. When is “enough evidence” enough?
  16. 16. Panel discussion 16 Dr Namukolo Covic Senior Research Coordinator in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Ethiopia Dr Julia de Bruyn Researcher and lecturer in nutrition Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK Dr Iain Wright Deputy Director General - Research International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya
  17. 17. Panel discussion 17 1. How relevant is this report and its findings to your field of expertise, and why? Dr Namukolo Covic Research Coordinator in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Ethiopia Dr Julia de Bruyn Researcher and lecturer in nutrition Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK Dr Iain Wright Deputy Director General - Research International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya
  18. 18. Panel discussion 18 2. In your opinion, or based on the report findings, how securely can we say that pregnant and lactating women and children under 2 in low- and middle-income countries NEED LDF in their diets? Dr Namukolo Covic Research Coordinator in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Ethiopia Dr Julia de Bruyn Researcher and lecturer in nutrition Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK Dr Iain Wright Deputy Director General - Research International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya
  19. 19. Panel discussion 19 3. If we were to promote increased consumption of LDF among vulnerable groups in low- and middle-income countries, how can this be motivated without getting trapped in heated environmental debates? Dr Namukolo Covic Research Coordinator in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Ethiopia Dr Julia de Bruyn Researcher and lecturer in nutrition Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK Dr Iain Wright Deputy Director General - Research International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya
  20. 20. Chatham House | The Royal Institute of International Affairs Thank you! Flyers and policy briefs available!
  21. 21. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. better lives through livestock ilri.org

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