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ILOA Galaxy Forum Brazil 2013: LNA

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Galaxy, Galaxy Education, 21st Century

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ILOA Galaxy Forum Brazil 2013: LNA

  1. 1. A serviço da Astronomia BrasileiraAlberto Rodríguez ArdilaGalaxy Forum 2013 – Rio de JaneiroLABORANACIONALDEASTRO
  2. 2. LNA Quem somos? Instituto de pesquisa do MCTI, criado em1985.MissãoPlanejar, desenvolver, prover, operar ecoordenar os meios e a infra-estruturapara fomentar, de forma cooperada,a astronomia observacional brasileira O que fazemos? Operamos o Observatório do Pico dos Dias Gerenciamos a participação brasileira nostelescópios internacionais Gemini, SOAR e CFHT Gerenciamos a infraestrutura de dados paraestes telescópio Desenvolvemos instrumentação astronômica paraa astronomia brasileira e internacional.
  3. 3. Observatório doPico dos DiasTelescópioSOARObservatórioGeminiDesenvolvimentoInstrumentalCFHT Banco deDados
  4. 4. Sede do LNA em ItajubáAdministraçãoAstronomiaLaboratóriosEngenhariaOnT
  5. 5. Observatório doPico dos Dias
  6. 6. • Localizado entre Brasópolis ePiranguçu (MG) a 1864 m/snm.• Primeira luz em1981• OPD tem sido importantíssimo parao desenvolvimento da astronomianacionalMais de...... 400 artigos arbitrados... 70 teses doutorado... 90 dissertaçõs de mestradoand still going on…Zeiss 0.6-mB&C 0.6-m (IAG) Perkin Elmer 1.6-m
  7. 7. Observatório Gemini
  8. 8. • Dois telescópios de 8 metros no Chile e USA.• AO, imagens de qualidade comparável ao HST.• Seis parceiros (USA, AR, CAN, AUS, CHI, BRA)• Brasil → 6,3% do tempo;• Brasil é o parceiro mais produtivo por tempo deobservação• 79 Artigos publicados• ~70 Autores brasileiros como autores principais oucolaboradores
  9. 9. Telescópio SOAR“Southern Telescope forAstrophysical Research”
  10. 10. • 4.1 m, Cerro Pachón, Chile;• USA, BR. Chile;• Primeira luz 2005;• Brasil ~30% do tempo ~ 47 noites/sem.• Óptica ativa e adaptativa. Excelentequalidade de imagem.• Imageadores óptico e infravermelho• Espectrógrafos óptico, IFU, IV, ...echelleconstruídos no Brasil
  11. 11. Gerenciamento do tempo brasileirono CFHT: Canadian-France-Hawaii Telescope• 3.6m, Mauna Kea, Hawaii• Brasil 5-10 noites por semestre• Contrato até 2015A
  12. 12. Desenvolvimento deInstrumentaçãoI.Milênio, Pronex, INCTA2006, Prédio de laboratórios◦ Desenho mecânico e fabricação;◦ Metrologia mecânica;◦ Fibras ópticas;◦ Metrologia óptica;◦ Eletrônica e controle◦ Integração.Equipe dedicada 2 pesquisadores; 4 engenheiros;6 técnicos; 8 bolsistas.
  13. 13. Fibras ÓpticasLNA é reconhecido pela excelência nodesenvolvimento de tecnologias esoluções para aplicações de fibrasópticas em astronomia.Montagem, Polimento, Metrologia
  14. 14. SIFS -SOAR Integral Field Spectrograph◦ 1300 fibras;◦ 400-1000 nm;◦ 10 x 5”;◦ R = 5 – 30k;◦ Redes VPH.
  15. 15. STELES - SOAR Telescope Echelle Spectrograph• R = 50k (80k max);• 300 – 900nm em uma exposição;• foco Nasmith;• configuração fixa;•1.8 x 1.5m;• 800kg.
  16. 16.  Resultados mostram a capacidade doLNA e do Brasil na área deinstrumentação Ações Colaborações nacionais e internacionais -sinergiaInstrumentaçãoastronômica
  17. 17. Relação do LNA com Galáxias ...Instrumentos de última geração ajudam astrônomos estudar o universo em umnível sem precedentes de clareza e detalhe através da remoção das distorçõesdevido à atmosfera da Terra.
  18. 18. A strônomos observaram osmovimentos de 28 estrelas que orbitama região mais central da Via Láctea.O trabalho revelou informações sobre aformação dessas estrelas - e sobre oburaco negro ao qual estão vinculadas.O centro da Galáxia é um laboratórioúnico, onde podemos estudar osprocessos tais como:gravidade fortedinâmica estelarformação de estrelas.Problemas de grande relevância paratodos os outros núcleos galácticos, comum nível de detalhe que nunca serápossível além de nossa galáxiaMassa do BN = 3.3 milhões x solTamanho do BN = 20 min luz
  19. 19. Observações com o Gemini na nossa Galáxia ...
  20. 20. Uma melhor visão do coração de um aglomerado estelar As regiões ampliadasmostram pedaços doaglomerado com e sem AO. Astrônomos do SOAR eCTIO mostraram a enormediferença na qualidade deimagem que se atinge com oSAM. Permite entender melhoras propriedades das estrelas Luciano Fraga (LNA/MCTI)e Colaboradores (2013).NGC 6496 observado com o SAM do SOAR. Aimagen é 3` na diagonal.
  21. 21. Detecção de escoamentos de gás em AGNs:Alimentando o Buraco Negro central Tomografia do escoamento dogas molecular da região centralde NGC 4051 em fatias de 42km/s. O escoamento do gás ao longoda espiral nuclear é observadose aproximando do observador(paineis superiores) e depois seafastando do observador (paneisinferiores). Estudo realizado por RogérioRiffel & colaboradores, UFRGS(2011).
  22. 22. [SiVI] acompanha o [OIII]Limite superior de ne de[SiVI]:Nc,[OIII] = 7x105cm-3Nc,CLs > 108 cm-3[SiVI] acompanha a direçãodo jato rádio.O jato limpa um canal,incrementando a densidade dogás (e a sua emissão nasbordas).O jato tem um papelfundamental na morfologia dogás em NGC1068.Mazzalay, Rodríguez-Ardila et al. (2013).A visão de NGC 1068 com oGemini / NIFS:Morfologia & extensão dogás da CLR[SiVI], [OIII] e emissão rádio- comparação
  23. 23. Divulgação LNA em Dia História e Museologia – MAST História do LNA, Museu virtual Imprensa Press releases, curso Escolas O.T., Portas abertas - OBA
  24. 24. Tarde e noite de Portas Abertas - SNCT
  25. 25. Observatório no Telhado
  26. 26. NACIONhttp://www.lna.br

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