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Galaxy forum 2011 jchapman

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Galaxy Forum 2011
John Chapman
Exploring and Mining the Galaxy

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Galaxy forum 2011 jchapman

  1. 1. MINERAL EXPLORATION, DISCOVERY, DEVELOPMENT AND MINING IN THE MILKY WAY GALAXY *** WHY BOTHER? GALAXY FORUM 2011 CANADA H.R. MACMILLAN SPACE CENTRE APRIL 10, 2011 VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA John Chapman, Principal, J.A. Chapman Mining Services White Rock, British Columbia, Canada, Earth, Milky Way Galaxy
  2. 2. The wealth from mines, from the dawn of recorded human history, is the epic march of mankind along the path of progress.  It was the mines that made ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Greece and Rome great and in more recent times have created immense wealth to the benefit of the people of Europe, North America, Australia and now China, India, Brazil and Russia. ***  Today, we are part of the “space generation”, crawling off the surface of the earth into the “oceans of space” – mining will continue to provide the capability for humankind to advance to the moon, mars and on to the stars.
  3. 3. FIRST MAJOR SIGNIFICANCE OF MINING TO HUMANS THE STONE AND BRONZE AGES DID NOT END BECAUSE WE RAN OUT OF STONE OR BRONZE AGES PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE: STEAM INDUSTRIAL COMBUSTION ENGINE PLASTIC ELECTRIFICATION NUCLEAR SPACE ISOTOPE BIOENGINEERING WARP DRIVE INTERGALACTIC TIME TRAVEL ALL OF THE FUTURE AGES WILL BE PRECEDED BY THE SAME EVENT THAT HAS LAUNCHED ALL OF THE OTHERS – SOMEONE MAKES AN INTERESTING DISCOVERY
  4. 4. “ WE CANNOT PROVE THAT THOSE ARE IN ERROR WHO TELL US THAT SOCIETY HAS REACHED A TURNING POINT, THAT WE HAVE SEEN OUR BEST DAYS. BUT SO SAID ALL BEFORE US, AND WITH JUST AS MUCH APPARENT REASON. ON WHAT PRINCIPLE IS IT THAT, WHEN WE SEE NOTHING BUT IMPROVEMENT BEHIND US, WE ARE ABLE TO EXPECT NOTHING BUT DETERIORATION BEFORE US?” LORD THOMAS B. MACAULAY, 1830
  5. 5. TODAY A POSSIBLE TURNING POINT Carl Sagan’s Cosmos - Travels in Space and Time (Episode 8), 1989. “ Those worlds in space are as countless as all the grains of sands on all the beaches of the earth - and each of those worlds is as real as ours. In every one of them there is a succession of incidences, events, occurrences which influence its future - countless worlds, numberless moments, an immensity of space and time. Here on our small planet at this moment we face a critical branch point in history. What we do with our world right now will propagate down through the centuries and powerfully affect the destiny of our descendants. It is well within our power to destroy our civilization and perhaps our species as well. If we capitulate to superstition or greed, or stupidity, we can plunge our world into a darkness deeper than the time between the collapse of classical civilization and the Italian Renaissance. But we are also capable of using our compassion and our intelligence, our technology and our wealth, to make an abundant and meaningful life for every inhabitant of this planet - to enhance enormously our understanding of the universe and carry us to the stars.”
  6. 6. THE CHALLENGES & REWARDS <ul><li>Humans cannot survive as a single planet species as evidenced in the Earth’s fossil record of mass extinctions of life caused mainly by comet/asteroid impacts, super-volcanic eruptions and pending much hotter sun </li></ul><ul><li>Humans have a genetic “wiring” that drives exploration (risk) for discovery of new places and things (reward) – the earth no longer holds the exploration potential nor the rewards needed by society – it is time to move onto the rest of the Solar System </li></ul>DUNCAN STEEL – TARGET EARTH
  7. 7. COMET SHOEMAKER-LEVY IMPACTING JUPITER JULY 16, 1994 (JUPITER’S DIAMETER IS 11.2 X EARTH’S) KNOWN MASS EXTINCTIONS OF SPECIES ON EARTH (IN THE FOSSIL RECORD) <ul><li>END OF CRETACEOUS, ~65 Ma, ~75% </li></ul><ul><li>END OF TRIASSIC, ~205 Ma, ~75% </li></ul><ul><li>END OF PERMIAN ~250 Ma, ~90% </li></ul><ul><li>END OF DEVONIAN ~370 Ma, ~70% </li></ul><ul><li>END OF ORDOVICIAN ~450 Ma, ~85% </li></ul>THE DINOSAURS HAD NO SPACE PROGRAM - WE DO WE NOW HAVE SPACE SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS WORKING ON THE PROBLEM OF DETECTING, TRACKING AND DEFLECTING ASTEROIDS AND COMETS
  8. 8. r = 100km r = 200km ASTERIOD IMPACT DIAMETER: 3000m VELOCITY 20km/s DENSITY 2700kg/m3 IMPACT ANGLE 90d ENERGY 7.63 X10 21 Joules 1.82 x 10 6 MT TNT CRATER 45.0km Diameter SIESMIC 8.8 Richter IMPACT EFFECTS @ 100km RADIANT FLUX 693 x Sun EJECTA DIAMETER 30cm EJECTA THICKNESS 6.31m WIND 801m/s (1790mph) IMPACT EFFECTS @ 200km RADIANT FLUX 160 x Sun EJECTA DIAMETER 4.8cm EJECTA THICKNESS 79cm WIND 326m/s (728mph) Earth Impact Effects Program R. Marcus, H. Melosh, G. Collins www.lpl.arizona.edu/~marcus/crater2.html Seattle, Washington, USA
  9. 9. Launch Complex 39 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida showing the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) and Saturn V rocket being transported to the launch pad. Saturn V Launch (7.5M lb thrust) Kennedy Space Center USA NASA THE MOST SCIENTIFIC AND ENGINEERING INTENSIVE INDUSTRY SPACE EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT
  10. 10. CONSTELLATION PROGRAM Ares V: Heavy-Lift Launch Vehicle Ares I: Crew Launch Vehicle SATURN V: 111 m long, 2.9M kg launch mass, 33.6M N launch thrust, 129K kg to LEO, 49K kg to Moon ARES: 109 m long (V), 3.7M kg launch mass (V+I) 53.3M N launch thrust (V+I) 148k kg to LEO, 64.8k kg to Moon Specific Impulse: solid boosters ~265 s (vac) liquid hydrogen/oxygen ~450 s (vac) NASA
  11. 11. SPACEX (USA) – FALCON 9 HEAVY CANADA HAS THE 10 TH LARGEST ECONOMY IN THE WORLD AT US$1.34 TRILLION PER ANNUM GDP FOURTEEN COUNTRIES HAVE THE CAPACITY TO CONDUCT ORBITAL SPACECRAFT LAUNCHES CANADA HAS NO CAPABILITY TO LAUNCH ORBITAL SPACECRAFT SHAME ON CANADA
  12. 12. NASA ASSEMBLY OF SPACECRAFT IN EARTH ORBIT
  13. 13. POST AVATAR PANDORA MINING ENTERPRISES A JV BETWEEN EARTH INC. AND PANDORA NATIVES INC. PANDORA PIERRE LOISON 1861
  14. 14. NERVA SOLID-CORE DESIGN AD ASTRA PLASMA ROCKET
  15. 15. MOON
  16. 16. MARS
  17. 17. SATURN
  18. 18. THE BENEFIT OF NUCLEAR POWER (PLUTONIUM 238 RTGS)
  19. 19. SOLAR SYSTEM RESOURCES <ul><li>INITIALLY BEST TO STAY IN THE GOLDILOCKS ZONE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EARTH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOON </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MARS AND ITS MOONS (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOONS OF JUPITER (63) AND SATURN (62) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEAR EARTH ASTEROIDS AND COMETS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EXPLORING FOR: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WATER-ICE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HYDROCARBONS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR FUELS (URANIUM & THORIUM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL OTHER MINERALS AND ELEMENTS </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. CANADA WORLD LEADER IN MINERAL EXPLORATION <ul><li>CANADA HAS 7% OF LAND AREA ON EARTH AND 0.5% OF POPULATION </li></ul><ul><li>20% OF WORLD MINERAL EXPLORATION CONDUCTED IN CANADA </li></ul><ul><li>CANADIAN COMPANIES CONDUCT 43% OF THE WORLD’S MINERAL EXPLORATION </li></ul><ul><li>45% OF THE WORLD’S $12.7 BILLION RAISED FOR MINERAL EXPLORATION IS VIA COMPANIES LISTED ON CANADIAN STOCK EXCHANGES </li></ul>
  21. 21. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY RADIOMETRICS MULTISPECTRAL HYPERSPECTRAL SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR MAGNETIC ELECTROMAGNETIC GRAVITY REMOTE SENSING ASTER IMAGING
  22. 22. SURFACE EXPLORATION CLAIM STAKING PROSPECTING SAMPLING
  23. 23. SURFACE EXPLORATION GEOPHYSICS GEOCHEMISTRY SURVEYING TRENCHING DRILLING
  24. 24. MARK ELOWITZ APPLYING CANADIAN MINERAL EXPLORATION & MINING EXPERTISE ON OUR MOON LUNAR SPACEPORT WITH ADJACENT MINING OPERATIONS

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