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Learning Happy Hours S2E4 - Les grandes théories pédagogiques revisitées par les NT

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Les grandes théories pédagogiques
revisitées par les NT

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Learning Happy Hours S2E4 - Les grandes théories pédagogiques revisitées par les NT

  1. 1. Les grandes théories pédagogiques revisitées par les NT Christophe Jeunesse – Université Paris Ouest – 3 février 2015
  2. 2. Pédagogie de la transmission Béhaviorisme Watson, Pavlov, Skinner Cognitivisme Bruner, Chomsky (Socio-)Constructivisme Piaget, Vigotsky Apprendre c’est… Emmagasiner des savoirs apportés par le formateur Développer des comportements par conditionnement (renforcement positif ou négatif). A partir des connaissances antérieures, traiter et emmagasiner de nouvelles informations de façon organisée tout en améliorant ses capacités et stratégies cognitives (métacognition). Construire et organiser ses représentations à partir de l’expérience, par son action propre. Conflit cognitif rechercher l’équilibre avec son environnement. Le rôle du pédagogue, c’est… Transmettre des savoirs. Produire une combinaison stimuli /renforcements dans le but de générer des modifications comportementales Miser sur la conscience de l’apprenant. Aider à l’organisation et à la construction des connaissances. Faciliter le développement de stratégies métacognitives Proposer des situations problèmes qui permettent l’élaboration progressive de représentations adéquates du réel, facilitant le transfert de celles-ci. Questionner, relancer… Favoriser les interactions cognitives et sociales entre apprenants. Les grandes théories de l’apprentissage…
  3. 3. Avènement du digital : deux innovations majeures qui impactent les activités d’apprentissage
  4. 4. Les formes canoniques de la formation contrariées par le numérique ? Intrusion par le bas des technologies dans les dispositifs de formation traditionnels… L’opposition technos vs présentiel obsolète ?
  5. 5. Quid de notre système cognitif ?
  6. 6. Des grappes d’innovations . . . . . LMS - cMooc - RSE Serious Games Simulation Mobile learning Modules e-learning
  7. 7. Evolution ou révolution ?  Les travaux des grands psychologues sont-ils à mettre au placard ?
  8. 8. Evolution ou révolution ? • constructivisme • cognitivisme • socio- constructivisme • behaviorisme . . .
  9. 9. En somme… Fondamentalement, le numérique ne change rien à nos façons d’apprendre, il amplifie certains phénomènes existants et nous invite à revisiter les théories et travaux des psychologues du XXème siècle pour mieux comprendre et prendre en compte les phénomènes d’apprentissage intégrant le numérique en formation d’adultes. Les technologies ne sont qu’un outil de plus (mais quel outil !) au service de l’ingénieur pédagogique.
  10. 10. Merci pour votre attention… et pour vos questions.
  11. 11. Skinner, un des pères du behaviorisme…  « Enseigner n’est rien d’autre qu’arranger les conditions de renforcement dans lesquelles les élèves apprendront » (1968)  Associer une conséquence (récompense ou punition) à un comportement permet de générer un apprentissage  Les pensées et les motivations internes n’entraînent pas l'apprentissage d'un comportement. Seules les causes externes du comportement doivent être prises en compte. Renforcement RéponseStimuli
  12. 12. Bruner, en réaction au béhaviorisme  Son mot d’ordre : « placer la signification au centre de la psychologie ».  Comment l’individu acquière-t-il la connaissance, comment l’interprète-il et l’intègre-t-il à ses connaissances antérieures au regard de sa culture et de ses expériences passées ? Comment l'utilise-t-il pour façonner et comprendre son expérience au monde ?  Formateur = accompagnateur compréhensif de l’apprentissage.
  13. 13. Piaget… L'acquisition d'une information se traduit par une "perturbation" qui va entraîner chez l'individu un "déséquilibre" du champ cognitif et exiger un travail de synthèse pour assimiler, intégrer, critiquer, admettre, ajouter cette nouvelle information dans un champ cognitif alors enrichi. « L'intelligence ne débute ni par la connaissance du moi, ni par celle des choses comme telles, mais par celle de leur interaction.… Elle organise le monde en s'organisant elle-même » La tendance la plus profonde de toute activité humaine est la marche vers l'équilibre.
  14. 14. Vygotski, non reconnu de son vivant… Il faut distinguer le niveau actuel de développement de l’individu et son niveau de développement potentiel. Entre les deux se situe la zone proximale de développement qu’il définit comme ce que l’apprenant sait faire avec l’aide d’autrui et qu’il ne sait pas faire tout seul. Niveau actuel de développement cognitif Zone proximale de développement (ce que j’arrive à faire avec de l’aide – étayage, interaction de tutelle) Niveau potentiel de développement cognitif Ce que je sais faire seul Niveau de développement cognitif pour l’instant inaccessible (ce que je ne peux pas faire)
  15. 15. Rogers, un humaniste…  Ses principes sont : l’attitude de la personne aidante  l’empathie ,  la congruence ,  le regard positif inconditionnel. l’Approche Centrée sur la Personne (ACP) qui se fonde sur les caractéristiques de l’apprenant :  l’essence positive de la nature humaine  « Le seul apprentissage qui influe de façon significative sur le comportement est l’autodécouverte, l'auto-apprentissage ouvert et auto- évalué ».
  16. 16. Bandura : un modèle de compréhension du comportement

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