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Ilac 2020 presentation 17 sep 10am - raymund narag


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Discrimination on the Philippine Criminal Justice System: Prospects for Improvements.

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Ilac 2020 presentation 17 sep 10am - raymund narag

  1. 1. Raymund E. Narag, PhD Associate Professor School of Justice and Public Safety
  2. 2.  Prolonged pretrial detention ▪ Average stay of detainees is 529 days ▪ Twenty percent of PDLs stay in detention for 5 years or more ▪ Some stay in jail for 15 years or more  More adverse effect ▪ Poor and less educated stay longer than rich and educated ▪ Women and LGBTQI stay longer than men ▪ Ethno-linguistic minorities stay longer thanTagalogs and Bisayas ▪ Religious minorities (Muslim) stay longer than Catholics
  3. 3.  Indigency and lack of resources ▪ 53 percent of the detainees have “bailable” offenses but cannot post bail  Tedious process ▪ There are numerous requirements and documents in posting bail and release on recognizance  Cultural dynamics ▪ Case delay as a legal tactic
  4. 4.  Jail and prison crowding ▪ The Philippines has the highest jail and prison congestion congestion rate (350%)  Made worse by the “drug war” ▪ 70 percent of the detainees are drug related  Complicated by the Covid19 pandemic  Emergence of “coping mechanisms” in the jails and prisons  Recidivism and public safety
  5. 5.  Community Bail Bond program ▪ Identifying low risk, first time bail offenders ▪ Establish relationships while in jail ▪ If qualified, post cash bail or Release on Recognizance (Ranges: Php 2,000 or US$ 40 to PhP100,000 or US$ 2,000) ▪ Upon release, supervision and monitoring in the community ▪ Referral to livelihood, educational and medical programs (for the participant and their families) ▪ 23 participants released; 40 percent are women; all poor, indigent and less education
  6. 6.  Protecting the citizens from the harsh application of the law  Reducing jail overcrowding  Shielding the detainees from the corrupting influence of jails and prisons  Reducing risks of jumping bail  Improving public safety and lowering recidivism  Saving government expenses