Designing                             InteractiveSemantic CMS Community       Knowledge-                             suppo...
Page:                           Part I: Foundations(1)   Introduction of Content                   Foundations of Semantic...
Page: 3   Situational Design Method for   Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning.                          Ident...
Page: 4SiDIS Task 4: Evaluation of diagrammatic CMs   Will services represented in Pre-Artifacts be accepted by    future...
Page: 5Application of SiDIS Task 4 in IKS   111 potential early adopters participated in evaluation   Subjects came from...
Page: 6Application of SiDIS Task 4 in IKS   After presentation of situations covered by Pre-Artifacts,    participants ha...
Page: 7   Situational Design Method for   Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning.                          Ident...
Page: 8SiDIS Task 5:Derivation of formal propositional CMs   How can diagrammatic representations of situations be    pro...
Page: 9SiDIS Task 5:Use of Web Ontology Language (OWL) Use  of computational ontologies for conceptual modeling by means ...
Page: 10SiDIS Task 5: Approach –Use of Web Ontology Language (OWL)   Cons     no clear rules how to map from domain info...
Page: 11SiDIS Task 5:Approach of Generating Propositional CM                         Creation of Pre-Artifact Model =    ...
Page: 12    SiDIS Task 5:    Approach of Generating Propositional CM   Each pattern imports Pre-Artifact Model   Specifi...
Page: 13SiDIS Task 5:Approach of Generating Propositional CM   Clear assignments of object properties to specific pattern...
Page: 14Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS Translation          of 17 Pre-Artifacts into propositional CMs   OWL files ...
Page: 15Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS   Generating empty OWL file   Required Pre-Artifact Patterns can be imported ...
Page: 16Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS   Instantiation of relevant concepts of pattern     Instances of Role: User, ...
Page: 17   Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS       Pattern offers specific object        properties “initiatesR_ Interac...
Page: 18    Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS       Super properties of Pre-Artifact Model are filled automatically    ...
Page: 19   Situational Design Method for   Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning.                           Ide...
Page: 20SiDIS Task 6: Formalization of System Design   How does the architecture of the future system look like?   Forma...
Page: 21SiDIS Task 6: Formalization of System Design   Information Sphere       Which information objects have to be req...
Page: 22SiDIS Task 6:Approach of setting up the SystemArchitecture   Performing the following steps, based on the answers...
Page: 23Application of SiDIS Task 6 in IKS:Modules of Designed System in High-LevelLogical Architecture   www.iks-project....
Page: 24 Application of SiDIS Task 6 in IKS: Conjoint Modules of IKS Semantic CMS and AmI Case System AmI Case SystemLogic...
Page: 25   Situational Design Method for   Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning.                           Ide...
Page: 26SiDIS Task 7:Implementation of Formalized System Design   Coding!   Formalized system design is transformed into...
Page: 27Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS:Management of Information Objects andPhysical Situation   Context Ontology Net...
Page: 28Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS:IKS Stack Components   IKS VIE^2:    Used on the User Interaction layer to ena...
Page: 29Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS:IKS Stack Components   Apache Stanbol Enhancer:    Used in Content Retrieval &...
Page: 30Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS   Implementation according to OSGi standard   7 IKS Stack/Apache Stanbol comp...
Page: 31   Situational Design Method for   Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning.                           Ide...
Page: 32SiDIS Task 8: Evaluation of solution   Does the prototype fit to the natural incentives and motivation of    pote...
Page: 33   Application of SiDIS Task 8 in IKS         55 subjects have evaluated 6 services in a lab experiment with     ...
Page: 34Application of SiDIS Task 8 in IKS   Mean values, standard deviation (in parentheses) and results of one-sample t...
Page: 35Application of SiDIS Task 8 in IKSResults from Interviews:   The widgets on the touchscreen are distracting. The ...
Page: 36Wrap-up   Design Method for interactive knowledge-supported Ubiquitous    Information Systems  Situational Desig...
Page: 37Literature on SiDIS   Maass, W. & Janzen, S.: Pattern-Based Approach for Designing    with Diagrammatic and Propo...
Page: 38Further Publications   Walls, J.G., Widmeyer, G.R., Sawy, O.E.: Building an information system design theory for ...
Page: 39Further Publications (cont.)   Perrone, V., Bolchini, D., Paolini, P.: A stakeholders centered approach for conce...
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Lecture designing interactive_ubiquitous_is_part_2

  1. 1. Designing InteractiveSemantic CMS Community Knowledge- supported Ubiquitous Information Systems Lecturer Organization Results from the Date of presentation IKS AmI Case Co-funded by the 1 Copyright IKS Consortium European Union
  2. 2. Page: Part I: Foundations(1) Introduction of Content Foundations of Semantic (2) Management Web Technologies Part II: Semantic Content Part III: Methodologies Management Knowledge Interaction Requirements Engineering(3) (7) and Presentation for Semantic CMS(4) Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (8) Designing Semantic CMS Semantifying(5) Semantic Lifting (9) your CMS Storing and Accessing Designing Interactive(6) Semantic Data (10) Ubiquitous IS www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  3. 3. Page: 3 Situational Design Method for Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning. Identification ofAnna get site-specificweather information Problem and Applied in IKSwhen she is brushing Needsher teeth in thebathroom. Design of Solution based on Scenarios, Use cases, Require ments etc. Development of Solution Evaluation of Solution and Specification of Design Theory www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  4. 4. Page: 4SiDIS Task 4: Evaluation of diagrammatic CMs Will services represented in Pre-Artifacts be accepted by future users? Pre-Artifacts are evaluated to generate preliminary implications regarding user acceptance Usage of mock-ups at early stage of design process Focus on information objects delivered by services that are represented in Pre-Artifacts Outcome: Preliminary implications for design of IS regarding user acceptance Involved stakeholders: Potential early adopters of IS, domain experts www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  5. 5. Page: 5Application of SiDIS Task 4 in IKS 111 potential early adopters participated in evaluation Subjects came from 3 countries in Europe: Germany, Switzerland and Turkey Pre-Artifacts were presented with the help of a mock-up, i.e. a midget bathroom with dolls, and a slide show that exemplified the information delivered by services www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  6. 6. Page: 6Application of SiDIS Task 4 in IKS After presentation of situations covered by Pre-Artifacts, participants had to rate the relevant services within questionnaireRank Situation Service Intention to Use Perceived Fit No Name Mean SD Mean SD 1. 6 4 Personalized Music 6.28*** 0.87 6.07** 1.13 Service * 2. 1 1 Weather Information 5.64*** 1.54 4.87** 1.69 Service * 3. 6 5 Personalized News 5.11*** 1.94 4.84** 1.83 Collage Service * 4. 1 2 Event 4.65*** 1.69 4.12 1.65 Recommendation Service 5. 11 6 Adaptive News Service 4.17 1.85 3.88 1.82 6. 1 3 Ticket Order Service 3.82 1.73 3.47** 1.77 www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  7. 7. Page: 7 Situational Design Method for Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning. Identification ofAnna get site-specificweather information Problem and Applied in IKSwhen she is brushing Needsher teeth in thebathroom. Design of Solution based on Scenarios, Use cases, Requirements etc. Development of Solution Evaluation of Solution and Specification of Design Theory www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  8. 8. Page: 8SiDIS Task 5:Derivation of formal propositional CMs How can diagrammatic representations of situations be processed by the future system? Translation of Pre-Artifacts into propositional CMs Manual, automatic or semi-automatic translation possible Creation of specifications for later system designs (Wand et al., 1995) and machine-processable CMs that can be verified (Bera et al., 2010) Outcome: Library of formalized design patterns Involved stakeholders: Knowledge engineers www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  9. 9. Page: 9SiDIS Task 5:Use of Web Ontology Language (OWL) Use of computational ontologies for conceptual modeling by means of a pattern-based approach (Clark et al., 2000, Gangemi, 2005) Pros  Web Ontology Language (OWL) is implementable, which means OWL ontologies are machine-readable, and thus computational.  OWL constructs are independent, i.e. classes can exist independent of instances or properties and properties are independent of classes.  Verification: OWL allows inferences and automated reasoning support. www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  10. 10. Page: 10SiDIS Task 5: Approach –Use of Web Ontology Language (OWL) Cons  no clear rules how to map from domain information as represented by Pre-Artifacts to OWL constructs similar to the intended propositional CMs How to generate propositional CM based on propositional Pre-Artifact Patterns? www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  11. 11. Page: 11SiDIS Task 5:Approach of Generating Propositional CM  Creation of Pre-Artifact Model = “vocabulary”of Pre-Artifact patterns (basic entities and relations of AISM)  Import of Pre-Artifact Model by each pattern ontology www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  12. 12. Page: 12 SiDIS Task 5: Approach of Generating Propositional CM Each pattern imports Pre-Artifact Model Specification of pattern-specific object properties through inheritance structures Definition of sub properties of generic object Specified object properties imported from the model properties by ServiceInteraction, Role super-properties and concepts of Pre-Artifact Interaction and Model remain unchanged RoleUsesIO pattern www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  13. 13. Page: 13SiDIS Task 5:Approach of Generating Propositional CM Clear assignments of object properties to specific patterns Support by modeling guidelines - canalization of modeling options Incremental modeling of propositional CM by importing patterns step by step according to the requirements of the Pre-Artifact Sub properties by three Super properties of patterns regarding Pre-Artifact Model individual of type filled automatically InterfaceService: PersonalizedWeatherSer vice www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  14. 14. Page: 14Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS Translation of 17 Pre-Artifacts into propositional CMs  OWL files Modeling in 5 steps similar to procedure of defining Pre- Artifacts Exemplary modeling of aforementioned Pre-Artifact  Its Thursday morning. I get site-specific weather information when I am brushing my teeth in the bathroom. www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  15. 15. Page: 15Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS Generating empty OWL file Required Pre-Artifact Patterns can be imported by their URL Start of modeling according to 5 steps Import of RoleInteraction Pattern www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  16. 16. Page: 16Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS Instantiation of relevant concepts of pattern  Instances of Role: User, PersonalizedWeatherAssistant  Instance of R-Interaction to represent interaction between roles www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  17. 17. Page: 17 Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS  Pattern offers specific object properties “initiatesR_ Interaction” and “finalizesR_Interaction” that inherit from super-properties<owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="http://im.dm.hs-furtwangen.de/ontologies/preartifacts/2010/RoleInteraction# initiatesR_Interaction"> <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://im.dm.hs-furtwangen.de/ontologies/ami- case/preartifacts/PA-Model.owl#Role"/> <rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://im.dm.hs-furtwangen.de/ontologies/ami- case/preartifacts/PA-Model.owl#R_Interaction"/> <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="http://im.dm.hs- furtwangen.de/ontologies/ami-case/preartifacts/PA- Model.owl#initiatesInteraction"/></owl:ObjectProperty>[…]<Model:Role rdf:about=" http://im.dm.hs-PA1A.owl#PersonalizedWeatherAssistant"> <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#Thing"/> <RoleInteraction:initiatesR_Interaction rdf:resource="http://im.dm.hs- furtwangen.de/ontologies/preartifacts/2010/RoleInteraction#R_Interaction1"/></Model:Role> www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  18. 18. Page: 18 Application of SiDIS Task 5 in IKS  Super properties of Pre-Artifact Model are filled automatically  Further imports of Pre-Artifact Patterns Role Uses IO and Service Interaction  Final representation of interface service Personalized WeatherService:<Model:InterfaceService rdf:about="#PersonalizedWeatherService"> <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#Thing"/> <RoleUsesIO:supportsCreation rdf:resource="#Creation_1"/> <RoleUsesIO:interfaceServiceTakesRole rdf:resource="#PersonalizedWeatherAssistant"/> <RoleInteraction:supportsR_Interaction rdf:resource="#R_Interaction1"/> <ServiceInteraction:finalizesS_Interaction rdf:resource="#S_Interaction_3"/> <ServiceInteraction:finalizesS_Interaction rdf:resource="#S_Interaction_4"/></Model:InterfaceService> www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  19. 19. Page: 19 Situational Design Method for Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning. Identification ofAnna get site-specificweather information Problem and Applied in IKSwhen she is brushing Needsher teeth in thebathroom. Design of Solution based on Scenarios, Use cases, Require ments etc. Development of Solution Evaluation of Solution and Specification of Design Theory www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  20. 20. Page: 20SiDIS Task 6: Formalization of System Design How does the architecture of the future system look like? Formalization of system design based on library of design patterns  analysis of layers of propositional CMs Service System and Social System  Which services shall be provided by the intended system?  Which internal services need to deliver information objects?  Which information objects are required by each internal service  Which interface services take a role in an interaction with the user?  Which interface services are used by users to interact?  Which service interactions take place? www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  21. 21. Page: 21SiDIS Task 6: Formalization of System Design Information Sphere  Which information objects have to be requested from external services?  Which information objects have to be created by the system itself?  How about format and storage of information objects (data infrastructure)? Physical Object System  How will the interaction of user and system be realized?  How will information objects be presented?  How is the I/O behavior of the system?  Does the system need information about the available physical objects? Outcome: Specification of system design Involved stakeholders: Computer scientists www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  22. 22. Page: 22SiDIS Task 6:Approach of setting up the SystemArchitecture Performing the following steps, based on the answers to the questions on the prior slides:  Realization of Service System as independent software modules, which perform the required functionalities  Realization of software modules for the User Interaction based on the requirements of the Social System  Information Objects stored as Knowledge Models for the representation to the user in the appropriate situations  Physical Object System realized by several sensing, interpretation and output modules Encapsulation of functionalities required for the management of the UIS in additional software modules www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  23. 23. Page: 23Application of SiDIS Task 6 in IKS:Modules of Designed System in High-LevelLogical Architecture www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  24. 24. Page: 24 Application of SiDIS Task 6 in IKS: Conjoint Modules of IKS Semantic CMS and AmI Case System AmI Case SystemLogical ArchitectureIKS Semantic CMS Architecture The blue marked modules indicate modules that exist in both architectures www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  25. 25. Page: 25 Situational Design Method for Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning. Identification ofAnna get site-specificweather information Problem and Applied in IKSwhen she is brushing Needsher teeth in thebathroom. Design of Solution based on Scenarios, Use cases, Require ments etc. Development of Solution Evaluation of Solution and Specification of Design Theory www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  26. 26. Page: 26SiDIS Task 7:Implementation of Formalized System Design Coding! Formalized system design is transformed into machine-processible code  modules in system design realized as software components Use of propositional CMs as knowledge models for the physical situation management Information Objects stored as knowledge models for the interaction with the user UIS  code has to be linked with hardware components integrated in the physical environment Outcome: Prototype of information system Involved stakeholders: Computer scientists www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  27. 27. Page: 27Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS:Management of Information Objects andPhysical Situation Context Ontology Network as knowledge representation of Information Objects Propositional CMs and Current Situation representation as knowledge representation for the evaluation of the appropriate situation in the UIS Determination of current and upcoming situation based on semantic rule sets www.iks-project.eu
  28. 28. Page: 28Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS:IKS Stack Components IKS VIE^2: Used on the User Interaction layer to enable the user to not only view content items in the bathroom, but also browse semantically referenced resources, i.e. information about actors or the director in case of movie event suggestions Apache Stanbol Entity Hub, Apache Stanbol CMS Adapter, Apache Stanbol Reengineer and Apache Stanbol Rules: Used in the Knowledge Access, Content Retrieval & Knowledge Extraction Pipeline and Rules & Reasoning layers to retrieve contents from external content and knowledge sources, lift them on a semantic level and refactor them to be represented as AmI ODPs www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  29. 29. Page: 29Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS:IKS Stack Components Apache Stanbol Enhancer: Used in Content Retrieval & Knowledge Extraction Pipeline and Rules & Reasoning to enable the system to prepare the semantic enhanced contents required by VIE^2 Apache Stanbol Ontology Manager: Used on the Knowledge Repository layer to enable the persistent storage and browsing of knowledge representations by the system or the user by using the Store sub component; the OntoNet sub component is also implicitly used by other components for reasoning and refactoring issues www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  30. 30. Page: 30Application of SiDIS Task 7 in IKS Implementation according to OSGi standard 7 IKS Stack/Apache Stanbol components could be re-used for the realization of the UIS 4 developer teams from Turkey, Italy and Germany • 500 kg of furniture • 15 sqm bathroom • 5x3 meter walls • 50 liter wall paint • 18 sqm floor • 3 microphones • 2 sound systems • 2 projectors & 3 sqm projection foil • 1 touch screen • 1 camera • 1 MS Kinect • 2 sensor boards with 4 touch- & 6 distance sensors • 2 PCs, 1 Mac Mini • app. 100 meter of cable … www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  31. 31. Page: 31 Situational Design Method for Information Systems (SiDIS)It’s Thursday morning. Identification ofAnna get site-specificweather information Problem and Applied in IKSwhen she is brushing Needsher teeth in thebathroom. Design of Solution based on Scenarios, Use cases, Requirements etc. Development of Solution Evaluation of Solution and Specification of Design Theory www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  32. 32. Page: 32SiDIS Task 8: Evaluation of solution Does the prototype fit to the natural incentives and motivation of potential end users? IS is evaluated by traditional empirical studies  laboratory experiments  field experiments Outcome:  feedback for earlier design phases  laboratory experiments: understanding of adoption (ease of use, utility, risk, task-technology fit, etc.), purchase intentions  field experiments: usage behavior, social influence, behavioral change Involved stakeholders: Computer scientists, end users www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  33. 33. Page: 33 Application of SiDIS Task 8 in IKS  55 subjects have evaluated 6 services in a lab experiment with constructs from Technology Acceptance research (e.g., Davis 1989)  Subjects had to play through the 3 Situations from SiDIS Task 4 Distance sensor Distance sensor Speaker Array microphone Array microphoneSpeaker Array microphone IK point Shower IK point eScreen IK point Mirror • Personalized Music Service • Personalized News Collage Service • Adaptive News Service • Personalized News Collage Service Interaction Border • Adaptive News Service (touch-sensitive) • Weather Information Service • Event Recommendation Service • Ticket Order Service •www.iks-project.eu Collage Service Personalized News Copyright IKS Consortium • Adaptive News Service
  34. 34. Page: 34Application of SiDIS Task 8 in IKS Mean values, standard deviation (in parentheses) and results of one-sample t- tests are shown below; Significance: * = p < .05 / ** = p < .01 / *** = p < .001 Results: Personalized Music Service is ranked highest www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  35. 35. Page: 35Application of SiDIS Task 8 in IKSResults from Interviews: The widgets on the touchscreen are distracting. The mirror as such should be the “main functionality” in the bathroom. Thus the content should be placed more in the periphery (23) There was no design or concept behind the content presentation, e.g., the widgets on the touchscreen seemed to be positioned without any layout in mind; the IKS logo should be smaller and more semi-transparent to reduce distraction (10) Weather information was too lean (e.g., no information about rain probability, moisture, forecast, morning, noon, afternoon, etc.) (9) The positioning of the widgets on the touchscreen should be more flexible (9) Size of the projection on the wall screen was too small (7) More information about price and category of when ordering a ticket (6)Note: the number in parentheses reflects the number of subjects that gave this feedback www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  36. 36. Page: 36Wrap-up Design Method for interactive knowledge-supported Ubiquitous Information Systems  Situational Design Method for Information System (SiDIS) Consists of 4 phases covering 9 tasks according to Design Method pattern (Hevner et al., 2004; March & Smith, 1995; Pfeffers et al., 2006; Rossi & Sein, 2003; Kuechler & Vaishnavi, 2008) Bases on 3 types of Conceptual Models (CMs):  Narrative CMs of situations  Diagrammatic CMs (Pre-Artifacts)  Propositional CMs Closing gap between qualitative requirements (cf. narratives) and formal, machine-processable structures (cf. propositional CMs) www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  37. 37. Page: 37Literature on SiDIS Maass, W. & Janzen, S.: Pattern-Based Approach for Designing with Diagrammatic and Propositional Conceptual Models, 6th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology, DESRIST 2011, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, 2011. Janzen, S., Kowatsch, T. & Maass, W.: A Methodology for Content- Centered Design of Ambient Environments, DESRIST 2010: Global Perspectives on Design Science Research, St. Gallen, Switzerland, 2010. Maass, W. & Varshney, W.: A Framework for Smart Healthcare Situations and Smart Drugs. SIG-Health Pre-AMCIS Workshop at the 15th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2009). San Francisco, USA. www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  38. 38. Page: 38Further Publications Walls, J.G., Widmeyer, G.R., Sawy, O.E.: Building an information system design theory for vigilant eis. Information Systems Research 3(1) (1992) 36-59 Markus, M.L., Keil, M.: If we build it, they will come: Designing information systems that people want to use. Sloan Management Review 35 (1994) 11-25 Markus, L.M., Majchrzak, A., Gasser, L.: A design theory for systems that support emergent knowledge processes. MIS Quarterly 26(3) (2002) 179-212 Pries-Heje, J., Baskerville, R.: The design theory nexus. MIS Quarterly 32(4) (January 2008) 731-755 Hevner, A.R., March, S.T., Park, J., Ram, S.: Design science in information systems research. MIS Quarterly 28(1) (2004) 75-105 March, S.T., Smith, G.F.: Design and natural science research on information technology. Decis. Support Syst. 15(4) (1995) 251-266 Pfeffers, K., Tuunanen, T., Gengler, C.E., Rossi, M., Hui, W., Virtanen, V.e.a.: The design science research process: A model for producing and presenting information systems research. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST 2006), Claremont, CA, USA (2006) 83106 Rossi, M., Sein, M.K.: Design research workshop: A proactive research approach. (2003) Kuechler, W.L.J., Vaishnavi, V.K.: An expert system for dynamic re-coordination of distributed workows. Expert Syst. Appl. 34(1) (2008) 551-563 Ross, P., Keyson, D.V.: The case of sculpting atmospheres: towards design principles for expressive tangible interaction in control of ambient systems. Personal Ubiquitous Comput. 11(2) (2007) 69-79 Le Rouge, C.M., Niederman, F.: Information systems and health care xi: Public health knowledge management architecture design: A case study. Communications of the Association for Information Systems 18 (2006) Schmidt, A., Terrenghi, L., Holleis, P.: Methods and guidelines for the design and development of domestic ubiquitous computing applications. Pervasive Mob. Comput. 3(6) (2007) 721-738 www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium
  39. 39. Page: 39Further Publications (cont.) Perrone, V., Bolchini, D., Paolini, P.: A stakeholders centered approach for conceptual modeling of communication-intensive applications. In: SIGDOC 05: Proceedings of the 23rd annual international conference on Design of communication, New York, NY, USA, ACM (2005) 25-33 Strömberg, H., Pirttila, V., Ikonen, V.: Interactive scenarios|building ubiquitous computing concepts in the spirit of participatory design. Personal Ubiquitous Comput. 8(3-4) (2004) 200-207 Mackay, W.E.: The interactive thread: exploring methods for multi-disciplinary design. In: DIS 04: Proceedings of the 5th conference on Designing interactive systems, New York, NY, USA, ACM (2004) 103-112 Maiden, N., Manning, S., Robertson, S., Greenwood, J.: Integrating creativity workshops into structured requirements processes. In: DIS 04: Proceedings of the 5th conference on Designing interactive systems, New York, NY, USA, ACM (2004) 113-122 Buur, J., Jensen, M.V., Djajadiningrat, T.: Hands-only scenarios and video action walls: novel methods for tangible user interaction design. In: DIS 04: Proceedings of the 5th conference on Designing interactive systems, New York, NY, USA, ACM (2004) 185-192 Chung, E.S., Hong, J.I., Lin, J., Prabaker, M.K., Landay, J.A., Liu, A.L.: Development and evaluation of emerging design patterns for ubiquitous computing. In: DIS 04: Proceedings of the 5th conference on Designing interactive systems, New York, NY, USA, ACM (2004) 233-242 Aaen, I.: Essence: Facilitating agile innovation. In: XP. (2008) 1-10 Alexander, C.: The timeless way of building. Oxford University Press, New York (1979) Clark, P., Thompson, J., Porter, B.: Knowledge patterns. In: In Proc. of KR-2000, Morgan Kaufmann (2000) 591-600 Gangemi, A.: Ontology design patterns for semantic web content. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Semantic Web Conference, Springer (2005) 262-276 Y. Yoo, Computing in Everyday Life: A Call for Research on Experiential Computing, Mis Quart, 34(2) (2010) 213-231. P. Chen, The Entity-Relationship Model--Toward a Unified View of Data, ACM Transactions on Database Systems, 1(1) (1976) 9-36. Davis, F.D. (1989). Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319-339. www.iks-project.eu Copyright IKS Consortium

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