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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol. 3, Issue 10, 2015 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613
All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 416
Design and Fabrication of Automatic Main Stand for Two-Wheelers
Nirmal Kumar Kushwaha1
Alok Kumar Dwivedi2
Vipul R. Patel3
1,2,3
Assistant Professor
1,2,3
Department of Mechanical Engineering
1,2,3
Babaria Institute of Technology, Varnama, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Abstract— since mounting a two-wheeler on its main stand
is quite a cumbersome process, it is an effort to make new
automatic stand which is more advantageous and technically
sound than the conventional two wheeler stands. The present
project relates to two wheeler stands, and relates more
particularly to an automatic two wheeler stand which uses
collapsible mechanical linkages and actuating force
(hydraulic/pneumatic/electric) which will push open the legs
of stand and help in mounting the vehicle for parking and
repairing. It will be controlled and operated using solenoid
valves and control valves. It mainly aims at convenient
parking and reducing manual effort which is a major
discomfort for ladies and aged people.
Key words: Two wheeler, Main stand, hydraulic, pneumatic,
electric, actuator, solenoid valve, control valve, collapsible
mechanical linkage
I. INTRODUCTION
It’s been our aim to make an attempt to eliminate efforts that
are required to be made in day to day life. Two wheelers are
used by most of the people around the globe. We observed
that it is quite difficult and cumbersome to park it on main
stand. It becomes necessary to park the vehicle on its main
stand. Applying the best possible method we would try to
make an automatic main stand
II. PHYSICAL MODEL
Fig. 1: Physical Model
III. MODELING AND DESIGN OF PROPOSED MODEL
Fig. 2: Modeling
Fig. 3: Design of Proposed Model
Design and Fabrication of Automatic Main Stand for Two-Wheelers
(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/084)
All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 417
IV. CALCULATION FOR DESIGN
A. Calculation for Pressure
Fig. 4: Pressure calculation
Pressure Required:
F = Weight of the two wheeler
D = Bore diameter of cylinder
Here,
F = 100 kg = 100*9.81 = 981 N
A = = π*(25)2
= 1963.495 mm2
= m2
Now,
F=P*A
So,
P = = = 499745 N/m2
= 4.99 bar = 5 bar
B. Calculation for Bending Stress
Fig. 5: Bending stress calculation
=
Where, M = Bending moment
= F * OA = 981 * 37.5
= 36787.5 Nmm
I = moment of inertia
= =
= 1350 mm4
σb= maximum bending stress for Mild steel.
= 248 MPa
y = maximum distance from neutral axis= 3mm.
σ =
=
= 81.75 MPa
< 248 MPa
Hence, design of mounting is safe.
C. Calculation for Tensile Stress on Bolt
Fig. 6: Fastener design
Resolving into tangential and normal forces w.r.t. chassis,
Tangential force, T = FsinΘ
= 981 * sin65
= 889.09 N
T = 890 N
Dc = core diameter of bolt = 6.466 mm
T = µ*N
So,
N = = = 988.88 N = 989 N
Now,
A = = π*(3.233)2
= 32.837 mm2
Here we use four bolts
So, total area of bolt = 4 * A = 131.347 mm2
Stress on four bolt = = = 7.52 N/mm2
V. CALCULATION FOR NUMBER OF REPETITION OF
OPERATION
Using the formula,
PV=Constant
So,
N * P1V1 = P2V2
Pressure required in pneumatic cylinder, P1=5 bar,
Volume of air consumed in one cycle, V1
Pressure in air tank, P2=140 bar
Where, pressure is continuously reduced. so,we take average
pressure 70 bar
Volume of air tank, V2=4*106
mm3
For forward stroke, Vf
2
L
Vf=173180.295 mm3
For backward stroke,
Vb= (D2
- d2
)L
Vb=206167.02 mm3
Now sum of forward and backward
V1=Vf+Vb
Design and Fabrication of Automatic Main Stand for Two-Wheelers
(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/084)
All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 418
V1=173180.295+206167.02 mm3
= 379347.315mm3
So,
N*5*(379347.315) =70*4*106
N =148
Pressure Required:
F = Weight of the two wheeler
D = Bore diameter of cylinder
Here,
F = 100 kg = 100*9.81 = 981 N
A = = π*(25)2
= 1963.495 mm2
= m2
Now,
F=P*A
So,
P = = = 499745 N/m2
= 4.99 bar = 5 bar
VI. CONCLUSION
In this paper we have presented the physical model of
automatic main stand for two wheelers. Detail design and
analysis have been done for automatic main stand for two
wheelers. Analysis is based on the pressure calculation,
calculation for bending stresses and calculation for tensile
stresses on bolt. We have also calculated number of
repetition of operation. We have been made an attempt to
calculate the pressure required for operating the main stand
i. e. 5 bars. We have calculated the Tensile stresses on bolt
i.e. 7.52 N/mm2
which is a safe value during the operation.
We have also calculated bending stresses 81.75 Mpa which
is less than the 248 Mpa (yield strength for mild steel)
Hence, design of mounting is safe.
REFERENCES
[1] Elizabeth Montalbano, Festo’s Pneumatic Valve
Terminal Offers More Control Options, UBM company,
25th
oct 2013.
[2] Heung-Yeoul Shin and Jae-Won Lee, An expert system
for pneumatic design, Volume 12 / Issue 01 / January
1998, pp 3-11, 1998 Cambridge University Press.
[3] Dr.-Ing. AchimKuschefski, Dipl.-Päd. Matthias Haasper,
Advanced Rider Assistance Systems for Powered Two-
Wheelers (ARAS-PTW)-electro hydraulic main stand,
Institute for Motorcycle Safety Association, Germany.
[4] R.S.Khurmi, J.K.Gupta, Machine Design,12th
edition,
S.Chand& Company pvt. Lmt., 2008.
[5] S.R.Majumdar, Pneumatic Systems, 5th
edition,
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 1999.
[6] Andrew Parr, Hydraulics & Pneumatics: A technician’s
and engineer’s guide, 3rd
edition, Butterworth-
Heinemann, 2011

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Design and Fabrication of Automatic Main Stand For Two-Wheelers

  • 1. IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol. 3, Issue 10, 2015 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613 All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 416 Design and Fabrication of Automatic Main Stand for Two-Wheelers Nirmal Kumar Kushwaha1 Alok Kumar Dwivedi2 Vipul R. Patel3 1,2,3 Assistant Professor 1,2,3 Department of Mechanical Engineering 1,2,3 Babaria Institute of Technology, Varnama, Vadodara, Gujarat, India Abstract— since mounting a two-wheeler on its main stand is quite a cumbersome process, it is an effort to make new automatic stand which is more advantageous and technically sound than the conventional two wheeler stands. The present project relates to two wheeler stands, and relates more particularly to an automatic two wheeler stand which uses collapsible mechanical linkages and actuating force (hydraulic/pneumatic/electric) which will push open the legs of stand and help in mounting the vehicle for parking and repairing. It will be controlled and operated using solenoid valves and control valves. It mainly aims at convenient parking and reducing manual effort which is a major discomfort for ladies and aged people. Key words: Two wheeler, Main stand, hydraulic, pneumatic, electric, actuator, solenoid valve, control valve, collapsible mechanical linkage I. INTRODUCTION It’s been our aim to make an attempt to eliminate efforts that are required to be made in day to day life. Two wheelers are used by most of the people around the globe. We observed that it is quite difficult and cumbersome to park it on main stand. It becomes necessary to park the vehicle on its main stand. Applying the best possible method we would try to make an automatic main stand II. PHYSICAL MODEL Fig. 1: Physical Model III. MODELING AND DESIGN OF PROPOSED MODEL Fig. 2: Modeling Fig. 3: Design of Proposed Model
  • 2. Design and Fabrication of Automatic Main Stand for Two-Wheelers (IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/084) All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 417 IV. CALCULATION FOR DESIGN A. Calculation for Pressure Fig. 4: Pressure calculation Pressure Required: F = Weight of the two wheeler D = Bore diameter of cylinder Here, F = 100 kg = 100*9.81 = 981 N A = = π*(25)2 = 1963.495 mm2 = m2 Now, F=P*A So, P = = = 499745 N/m2 = 4.99 bar = 5 bar B. Calculation for Bending Stress Fig. 5: Bending stress calculation = Where, M = Bending moment = F * OA = 981 * 37.5 = 36787.5 Nmm I = moment of inertia = = = 1350 mm4 σb= maximum bending stress for Mild steel. = 248 MPa y = maximum distance from neutral axis= 3mm. σ = = = 81.75 MPa < 248 MPa Hence, design of mounting is safe. C. Calculation for Tensile Stress on Bolt Fig. 6: Fastener design Resolving into tangential and normal forces w.r.t. chassis, Tangential force, T = FsinΘ = 981 * sin65 = 889.09 N T = 890 N Dc = core diameter of bolt = 6.466 mm T = µ*N So, N = = = 988.88 N = 989 N Now, A = = π*(3.233)2 = 32.837 mm2 Here we use four bolts So, total area of bolt = 4 * A = 131.347 mm2 Stress on four bolt = = = 7.52 N/mm2 V. CALCULATION FOR NUMBER OF REPETITION OF OPERATION Using the formula, PV=Constant So, N * P1V1 = P2V2 Pressure required in pneumatic cylinder, P1=5 bar, Volume of air consumed in one cycle, V1 Pressure in air tank, P2=140 bar Where, pressure is continuously reduced. so,we take average pressure 70 bar Volume of air tank, V2=4*106 mm3 For forward stroke, Vf 2 L Vf=173180.295 mm3 For backward stroke, Vb= (D2 - d2 )L Vb=206167.02 mm3 Now sum of forward and backward V1=Vf+Vb
  • 3. Design and Fabrication of Automatic Main Stand for Two-Wheelers (IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/084) All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 418 V1=173180.295+206167.02 mm3 = 379347.315mm3 So, N*5*(379347.315) =70*4*106 N =148 Pressure Required: F = Weight of the two wheeler D = Bore diameter of cylinder Here, F = 100 kg = 100*9.81 = 981 N A = = π*(25)2 = 1963.495 mm2 = m2 Now, F=P*A So, P = = = 499745 N/m2 = 4.99 bar = 5 bar VI. CONCLUSION In this paper we have presented the physical model of automatic main stand for two wheelers. Detail design and analysis have been done for automatic main stand for two wheelers. Analysis is based on the pressure calculation, calculation for bending stresses and calculation for tensile stresses on bolt. We have also calculated number of repetition of operation. We have been made an attempt to calculate the pressure required for operating the main stand i. e. 5 bars. We have calculated the Tensile stresses on bolt i.e. 7.52 N/mm2 which is a safe value during the operation. We have also calculated bending stresses 81.75 Mpa which is less than the 248 Mpa (yield strength for mild steel) Hence, design of mounting is safe. REFERENCES [1] Elizabeth Montalbano, Festo’s Pneumatic Valve Terminal Offers More Control Options, UBM company, 25th oct 2013. [2] Heung-Yeoul Shin and Jae-Won Lee, An expert system for pneumatic design, Volume 12 / Issue 01 / January 1998, pp 3-11, 1998 Cambridge University Press. [3] Dr.-Ing. AchimKuschefski, Dipl.-Päd. Matthias Haasper, Advanced Rider Assistance Systems for Powered Two- Wheelers (ARAS-PTW)-electro hydraulic main stand, Institute for Motorcycle Safety Association, Germany. [4] R.S.Khurmi, J.K.Gupta, Machine Design,12th edition, S.Chand& Company pvt. Lmt., 2008. [5] S.R.Majumdar, Pneumatic Systems, 5th edition, McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 1999. [6] Andrew Parr, Hydraulics & Pneumatics: A technician’s and engineer’s guide, 3rd edition, Butterworth- Heinemann, 2011