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This paper compares three boundary conditions, i.e. transmitting boundary condition, Sarma
absorbing boundary condition and the uniaxial complete matched layerabsorbing boundary condition for
simulation of ground penetrating radar (GPR) by the time domain finite element (FEM) method. The
formulations of the three boundary conditions for the FEM method are described. Their effectiveness in
absorbing the incident electromagnetic waves are evaluated by the reflection coefficient on the boundary
of a simple GPR model.The results demonstrate that UPML boundary condition can yield a reflection
coefficient smaller than -50 dB, which is -20 dB smaller than other two boundary conditions.