Uses of nuclear and radioactive materials in peaceful applications in energy production, medicine,
research and industry, to improve the daily lives of individuals internationally makes these materials on the move and
in demand. On the other hand, the possible risk of using in terrorist purposes, by it falling into the wrong hands is a
real and growing concern of the international community and one that stresses enhanced nuclear security. In this
paper, the author will focus on efforts done by new nuclear energy users in the Middle East to sustain nuclear
security and reduce this risk. These efforts include accounting of radioactive material and their related facilities, and
helping to prevent illegal uses or transporting these materials, construction of a solid legislative, regulatory and
enforcement bases, enhanced national capacity, and increasing international cooperation in nuclear security.