Strategies for enhancing technology adoption potential

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Research-for-Development at IITA.Adoption and impact assessment(AIA) research at IITA.Recent Achievements by the Integrated Cassava Project (ICP) - Multiplication and distribution strategies for cassava planting materials,Assessment of spread and impact of 40 CMD(cassava mosaic disease) resistant germplasm in Nigeria

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Strategies for enhancing technology adoption potential

  1. 1. Strategies for enhancing technology adoption potential Recent Achievements Presented by D. Sanogo EC Monitoring of IITA’s Agrobiodiversity and Root and Tuber Systems Programs Ibadan, May 27–31, 2008 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  2. 2. Research-for-Development at IITA• IITA operates through a multi-stakeholder and multidisciplinary research approach that ensures technologies are appropriate, profitable, and socially acceptable, with a view to promoting adoption and achieving greater impact on the livelihoods of the poor in SSA• IITA, in collaboration with NARES and other partners, has developed and disseminated considerable number of improved varieties and cultural practices of root and tuber (R&T) crops in SSA• Over 200 improved cassava and yam varieties—with up to 50% average yield advantages over traditional varieties— were released in SSA countries in SSA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  3. 3. Adoption and impact assessment (AIA) research at IITA• AIA research at IITA is carried out to ensure accountability, maintain credibility, and provide feedback to the research process itself with a view to developing technologies and practices that are more appropriate and hence hold promise for wider adoption and greater impact on poverty alleviation.• Focus of research on adoption and impact of root and tuber (R&T) crops technologies at IITA – Characterization and prioritization of production system constraints – Identification of farmer and consumer preferences – Adoption and impact of improved varieties and cropping practices. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  4. 4. Strategies of enhancing technology adoption potential• Research activities carried out under MTP Output 6 aim at generating useful information to provide necessary feedback to guide cassava improvement research at IITA in ways that would enhance further adoption and impact of the technologies• Related Activities/output targets (through ICP) 1. Assessment of the impact of cassava and yam chip processing on households’ livelihoods in Benin 2. Spread and adoption of improved cassava varieties and post-harvest technologies in Nigeria documented 3. Spread and impact of 40 Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD)- resistant germplasm in Nigeria assessed 4. Lessons learned in working with National systems in delivery of technology documented 5. Multiplication and distribution strategies for cassava planting materials are developed 6. A collaborative model network involving multiple public- private partnerships in Cameroon is developed. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  5. 5. Recent Achievements by the Integrated Cassava Project (ICP) International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  6. 6. Multiplication and distribution strategies for cassava planting materialsThe Problem• Imminent and increasing possible threat of the Ugandan strain of the CMD virus to the Nigerian cassava economyProposed solution• Pre-emptive management of CMD through rapid deployment CMD- resistant, high yielding cultivars and proven technologies for sustainable crop and soil managementConstraints• IITA cannot release a cassava variety in Nigeria• IITA can request for release of a variety through the National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), the national body responsible root crops development• Variety release process in Nigeria takes from 6 to 8 years, requiring testing materials on-station, out-station trials (multilocational, demonstration and on-farm) before the selected material is submitted to National Variety Release Committee (VCR) for approval (hence no release of new cassava variety from 1986 to 2004) International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  7. 7. Multiplication and distribution strategies for cassava planting materials (continued)Fast track participatory selection approach (FTPSA)• All executing agencies involved in variety release (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, ADPs, NSS, NRCRI, farmers) participate from the onset in a combined series of trials• Mandatory on-farm trials (OFTs), demonstration trials (DEMOs) and multilocational trials (MLTs) executed concurrently for 2 years, instead of being carried out in relay International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  8. 8. Advantages of FTPSA• Reliable data for varietal evaluation made available in just 1 year• First year data enough to provisionally multiply the genotypes found to be locally adapted to project area• Stakeholders’ participation engenders ownership of the process and removes conflict• Increasing farmer-to-farmer dissemination activity, which essential in ensuring the sustainability of dissemination of new varieties International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  9. 9. Outcome of FTPSANine new cultivars Variety name Year of releasereleased in Nigeria in 2 TME 419 2005years TMS 97/2205 // TMS 98/0505 // TSM 98/0510 // TSM 98/0581 // TMS 92/0057 2006 TMS 92/0326 // TMS 96/1632 // TMS 98/0002 // International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  10. 10. Assessment of spread and impact of 40 CMD-resistant germplasm in NigeriaNew cultivar deployment strategy used by ICP• Sensitization campaigns on other uses of cassava within the village and by radio• Demonstration trials separately from on-farm trials• On-the farm trainings of farmers and extension agents• Distribution of new varieties in sachets through schools, religious bodies, and NGOs• Provision of (fresh roots) market information to farmers International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  11. 11. Distribution of CMD-resistant cassavavarieties in Rivers State International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  12. 12. Assessment of spread and impact of 40 CMD- resistant germplasm in NigeriaStudy Method• November/December 2006: Visit of 161 cassava fields representing 94% of the number of fields visited during the CMD diagnostic survey in 2003• CMD status was observed and compared with the status in 2003 survey to make inferences on the impact of ICP farmers enlightenment program on CMD International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  13. 13. 80% of farmsvisited in 2006were in vicinitiesof farms visitedduring diagnosticsurvey in 2003 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  14. 14. Study Findings Introduction and cultivation of CMD- resistant cassava 100 % cassava field showing cassava mosaic disease 90 varieties played a 80 (CMD) severity 70 No CMD significant role in 60 Mild 50 reducing the CMD 40 Mod. Severe severity in the South 30 20 Severe East and South-South 10 0 states of Nigeria AK CR DT ED RV AB AN EB EN IM between 2003 and 2006 StateState covered:1. AB=Abia2. AK=Akwa Ibom, % cassava field showing 100 cassava mosaic disease 903. AN=Anambra (CMD) severity 80 No CMD 704. CR=Cross River 60 Mild 505. DT=Delta 40 Mod. Severe6. EB=Ebonyi 30 Severe 207. ED=Edo 108. EN=Enugu 0 AK CR DT ED RV AB AN EB EN IM9. IM=Imo State10. RV=Rivers International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  15. 15. Lessons learned in working with National systems in delivery of technology• The approach provides an opportunity for the broad-based participation of experts and stakeholders from onset to finish• Monitoring of OFTs and DEMOs by national research and extension services is very demanding in time and money (extensive traveling in pursuit and follow-up of data collection)• Fewer OFTs, more DEMOs and MLTs should help alleviate the monitoring burden• Need to hire an independent data collection unit beside the monitoring team of the national research and extension services so that two datasets are produced and used to validate each other• The release of varieties is not annual; thus an occasional release of substantial set of genotypes implies that there has to be another release only after sufficient genetic improvement work generates another collection of genotypes• The success of the approach generates a great demand for released lines; hence an important task of multiplication and distribution of released varieties by NARES and other public-private stakeholders is created. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  16. 16. Project team and • A.G.O. Dixon (ICP - IITA)collaborators • C. Ezedinma (ICP - IITA) • G. Ssemakula (ICP - IITA) • G. Tarawali (ICP - IITA) • P. Ilona (ICP - IITA) • R.U. Okechukwu (ICP-IITA) • M.O. Akoroda (ICP - University of Ibadan) • L.O. Sanni (ICP – University of Abeokuta) • J. Lemchi (ICP – Federal University of Technology, Oweri) • F. Ogbe (ICP - NRCRI) • M.O. Yomeni • E. Okoro International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org

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