International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
Presentation   • Introduction on Regional  outlines       Research Networks (RRN)               • Key products of RRN     ...
Justification of a RRN1. Complementarities and synergy2. IAR4D efficiency3. Information sharing4. Efficient technologies d...
Categories of   • Based on   RRN’s                  – Commodity (e.g. legumes,                    R&T crops etc)          ...
• Achieve economies of scale Key products of           in research         RRN                – Research involves high(sum...
Key products   • Matching funds for under-(ct’d)                 investment on R4D at                 national level      ...
Key products   • Provide accountability and   (ct’d)                 resilience to capture:                       – A regi...
• At the regional level,                 research priorities need toKey products     be established as part of a(conclusio...
SARRNETDR Congo             International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropica...
SARRNET ObjectivesExpand the utilisation of cassava and sweetpotato in  Southern Africa through :    Development and prom...
STRATEGY (cont’d)R4D on commodity chain approach  Food  Feed  Raw industrial materials              International Inst...
Functional role              Coordination Unit - Lilongwe                                                            Funds...
SARRNET focal countries Under SACCAR leadership:   4 main countries (Mlw, Tz, Zam & Moz); 4    aver. (Ang, S.A., South D...
• Regional Germplasm               development strategyRegional     • Specific studiesTechnologyTesting &    • Post-gradua...
Improved germplasm in SA region                      16                      14Number of varieties                      12...
Regional   • Best landraces cleaned inbenefits             RSA and distributed to             SARRNET countries           ...
Regional screening for SBSD in Mtwapa(EARRNET and SARRNET)          International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Inst...
Cassava and sweetpotato research                         in Malawi successful program: Yields                20,000       ...
Example of tech. Sharing:cassava silage      International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’ag...
Figure 1: Effect of cassava root and leaf silage on milk                           production1816141210 8 6 4             ...
Cyanogen levels in cassavasilage during preparation      International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut intern...
Effect ofensilingmethodon HCNlevels incassavasilage            International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut ...
Effect of feeding cassava silage on        quality of milk• Milk from animal fed from cassava silage  had high butterfat c...
• Farmers can undertake silage                   production commercial enterprise                   especially using the p...
Cassava   • Tested and validated fromsilage      Malawi                  – Introduced to                           • Tanza...
Example 2:         • Model of linking farmers toPilot starch and     marketsflour processing           – Community ownersh...
Cassava starch processingat Masinda in Nkhotakota International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international...
Challenges and         difficulties of setting            up/running RRNInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture – ...
Commissioned studies                            Competitive grants• Regional                                      • Weak c...
• The regional groups                   apparently tend to do aWeak link with     reasonable effort at bringingpolicy make...
SADC-FANR vs.Strong SRO for                 • Absence of efficientSARRNET            SRO since SACCAR                   cl...
• National pride onChallenges                   shared and  (ct’d)                     complementarities                  ...
SARRNET   • Mainly by USAID/SA (highFUNDING            risk for sustainability)          • SADC govts not investing       ...
Thanks    International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
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Regional Researh Networks: Linking institutions to share scarce resouces and gain through collaboration

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Introduction on Regional Research Networks (RRN),Key products of RRN,The case of Southern Africa Root & tuber crops Research network (SARRNET),Challenges and difficulties of setting up/running RRN

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Regional Researh Networks: Linking institutions to share scarce resouces and gain through collaboration

  1. 1. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  2. 2. Presentation • Introduction on Regional outlines Research Networks (RRN) • Key products of RRN • The case of Southern Africa Root & tuber crops Research network (SARRNET) • Challenges and difficulties of setting up/running RRN International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  3. 3. Justification of a RRN1. Complementarities and synergy2. IAR4D efficiency3. Information sharing4. Efficient technologies dissemination in homologue sites within the region5. Collaboration with various partners6. Efficient utilization of increasingly scarce human & financial resources International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org 3
  4. 4. Categories of • Based on RRN’s – Commodity (e.g. legumes, R&T crops etc) – Field of specialization (e.g. breeding, Seed system, policy etc) – Eco-region and/or specific development/research priorities (Chinyanja Triangle, disease/pest control, etc) International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  5. 5. • Achieve economies of scale Key products of in research RRN – Research involves high(summarized from CGIARTAC: “Regional approach startup costs to Research for theCGIAR and its partners”) – Small/poor countries, difficulties in achieving these economies of scale – A logical response is to seek a regional division and exchanging results, or organizing research as a regional network International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  6. 6. Key products • Matching funds for under-(ct’d) investment on R4D at national level – Most African countries tend to under-invest in agricultural research – Cooperation to plan investment at the regional level is a logical approach to reducing under- investment in research. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  7. 7. Key products • Provide accountability and (ct’d) resilience to capture: – A regional approach helps create greater visibility and accountability to the use of funds – More impartial external audits can be used to track use of funds and impact achieved. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  8. 8. • At the regional level, research priorities need toKey products be established as part of a(conclusion) shared comprehensive development framework • This framework needs to be widely owned by stakeholders in the region • To achieve this, it has to be developed through inclusive consultations and dialogue with regional stakeholders International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  9. 9. SARRNETDR Congo International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  10. 10. SARRNET ObjectivesExpand the utilisation of cassava and sweetpotato in Southern Africa through :  Development and promotion of improved production systems (improved varieties, IPM and crop and soil management practices)  Exploration and development of new markets and applications in close collaboration with private sector partners  Development of processing technologies that fit the needs/capacity of rural and industrial processors  Providing technical support/training to national partners International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  11. 11. STRATEGY (cont’d)R4D on commodity chain approach  Food  Feed  Raw industrial materials International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  12. 12. Functional role Coordination Unit - Lilongwe Funds Sourcing & Disbursement SARRNET Coordinator Day-to-day Project Management(SARRNET Admin/Technical Staff) Germplasm & Information Exchange Monitoring and Evaluation Regional Advisory Committee NARS, USAID, SADC Approval of Work Plan IITA, CIP, University, NGOs Funding Allocation Pvt Sector, Extension, Farmers National Task Forces NARS, University Private Sector National Implementation Farmers Associations, NGOs, etc. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  13. 13. SARRNET focal countries Under SACCAR leadership:  4 main countries (Mlw, Tz, Zam & Moz); 4 aver. (Ang, S.A., South DRC & Zim); 4 weak (Nam, Bot, Swa & Les) From 2004:  Focus to Chinyanja Triangle (Parts of Mlw, Moz & Zambia with Nyanja as common language) and Angola – Donor driven  Survived SACCAR era by direct contact IITA and USAID/SA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  14. 14. • Regional Germplasm development strategyRegional • Specific studiesTechnologyTesting & • Post-graduate trainingcapacity • On-job trainingbuilding • Exchange visits, scientific workshops, annual meetings • Publication of ROOTS, proceedings, journal articles • Etc. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  15. 15. Improved germplasm in SA region 16 14Number of varieties 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 e i a a e ca aw bw qu bi l go ri m al bi Af ba An Za M am m h ut Zi oz So M International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  16. 16. Regional • Best landraces cleaned inbenefits RSA and distributed to SARRNET countries • Cassava TMS 60142 and S/P SPN/O released in more countries International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  17. 17. Regional screening for SBSD in Mtwapa(EARRNET and SARRNET) International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  18. 18. Cassava and sweetpotato research in Malawi successful program: Yields 20,000 2,500 2,000Yield (Kg/ha) Yield (Kg/ha) 15,000 1,500 10,000 1,000 5,000 500 0 0 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 07 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 Harvest year Cassava S.potatoes Maize International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  19. 19. Example of tech. Sharing:cassava silage International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  20. 20. Figure 1: Effect of cassava root and leaf silage on milk production1816141210 8 6 4 Cass silage Maize silage 2 0 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  21. 21. Cyanogen levels in cassavasilage during preparation International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  22. 22. Effect ofensilingmethodon HCNlevels incassavasilage International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  23. 23. Effect of feeding cassava silage on quality of milk• Milk from animal fed from cassava silage had high butterfat content of 3.6% on average as compared to the control that had 3.2%• Economic analysis indicated that every Kwacha invested in cassava silage brought a return of K49.20 ($0.55) as opposed to K14.00 ($0.15) from the investment in maize and grass silage International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  24. 24. • Farmers can undertake silage production commercial enterprise especially using the plastic bags.Commercial • Commercial farms could use theproduction of plant density of 40,000 whilecassava silage smallholder farmers could use 22,200. • Pit ensiling despite less profit margin should be promoted more than bag ensiling as it preserves CP which is very important for dairy production • Motorized choppers should be developed to easy the heavy workload on manual chopping roots and leaves International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  25. 25. Cassava • Tested and validated fromsilage Malawi – Introduced to • Tanzania • Zimbabwe – Cost in Malawi: US$20,000 – Cost in other countries for validation: US$500 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  26. 26. Example 2: • Model of linking farmers toPilot starch and marketsflour processing – Community ownershipplants – Individual/private ownership  Pilot Starch factory  Tanzania  Malawi – Sustainability in Malawi on pvt ownership International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  27. 27. Cassava starch processingat Masinda in Nkhotakota International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  28. 28. Challenges and difficulties of setting up/running RRNInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  29. 29. Commissioned studies Competitive grants• Regional • Weak countries approach/activities eliminated• Team work • Segmented R4D activities• Complementarities of at regional & national activities btn weak & levels strong NARS • Appropriation of funds by• “Bias” on funds individual “grant winner” allocation to NARS • “Good proposal writers” (influential SC members, but “poor implementers” laziness with funds assurance) International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  30. 30. • The regional groups apparently tend to do aWeak link with reasonable effort at bringingpolicy makers the agricultural stakeholders together, • but they do not always manage to forge institutional linkages with policy planners (Gvts & SADC-FANR) and the political machinery that makes decisions about development and investments. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  31. 31. SADC-FANR vs.Strong SRO for • Absence of efficientSARRNET SRO since SACCAR closure • Weak leadership in the region • No catalytic institution for NARS, CG centers etc. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  32. 32. • National pride onChallenges shared and (ct’d) complementarities activities e.g. breeding capacities in each country Namibia/Swaziland vs. Malawi/Zambia • Some NARS refusing to share germplasm International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  33. 33. SARRNET • Mainly by USAID/SA (highFUNDING risk for sustainability) • SADC govts not investing in the network but wish to sustain it with external donor funds • Difficulties in funds justification by some NARS/univ. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org
  34. 34. Thanks International Institute of Tropical Agriculture – Institut international d’agriculture tropicale – www.iita.org

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