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A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Breeding Programs in the
Private Sector
Ousmane Boukar and Ismail Y. Rabbi
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Program Structure
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Type and scope of activities depend on:
– Crop
– Size of company
– Resources a...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
R&D Pipeline
• Discovery
• Phase 1 – Proof of concept
• Phase 2 – Early developm...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Four areas of the variety development
pipeline
– Breeding (including molecular...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Uses of markers in breeding pipelines
• Quality Assurance:
– Parentage analysis
...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Right research approach and organization
• Solving problem with better solutio...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Enabling environment
• Fostering excellence (Pioneer)
– Stimulating environment ...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Priority Setting
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Research priority depends on growers and
consumers (Market)
• The direction of...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Data Management/Decision
Support
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Big focus of R&D is the management of all the
data being produced in research ...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Partnerships
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Universities
• Research institutes
• Private companies
– Collaborate with comp...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Resource Allocation
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Huge R&D investment
• (Thousand of) scientists in multi-
disciplines
• Streaml...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Example Monsanto
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Example Pioneer
• In the past five years, DuPont Pioneer
R&D has doubled investm...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Links with Allied Disciplines
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Functional areas:
– Agronomy
– Pathology
– Entomology
– Cell biology and tissu...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Collaboration across R&D
– Open innovation platform
– Formal R&D network
– Tho...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Product Orientation, Delivery, and
Stewardship
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Delivery options based on convenience and
efficiency
• Global distribution net...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Product stewardship
• Clear responsibility from initial research to
discontinuat...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
• Material safety data sheets
• Non-GMO validation certificates
• Insect resista...
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Breeding programs in the Private Sector

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Breeding programs in the Private Sector

  1. 1. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Breeding Programs in the Private Sector Ousmane Boukar and Ismail Y. Rabbi
  2. 2. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Program Structure
  3. 3. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Type and scope of activities depend on: – Crop – Size of company – Resources available – Division of activities among different operating units
  4. 4. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org R&D Pipeline • Discovery • Phase 1 – Proof of concept • Phase 2 – Early development phase • Phase 3 – Advanced development phase • Phase 4 – Pre-launch • Launch
  5. 5. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Four areas of the variety development pipeline – Breeding (including molecular breeding) – Biotechnology – Agronomy – Analytical Technologies – Informatics (Genetics, Biometrics, Bioinformatics, Programmers...)
  6. 6. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Uses of markers in breeding pipelines • Quality Assurance: – Parentage analysis – Genetic purity tests • Germplasm analysis through DNA fingerprinting – Arrangement of diversity (clustering, PCA, etc.) – Protection of intellectual property (IITA == impact assessment through adoption studies). • Trait Analysis – Association of traits with genomic regions (GWAS or QTL) – Understanding of relationship among traits (linkage vs. pleiotropy?) – Understanding the causes of variation (aid in gene cloning) • Breeding – Assist in indirect selection of qualitative and quantitative traits – Marker Assisted Backcrossing • Seed chipping (non-destructive genotyping)
  7. 7. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Right research approach and organization • Solving problem with better solutions (always try to improve in throughput, efficiency and targetting) • Building on strengths
  8. 8. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Enabling environment • Fostering excellence (Pioneer) – Stimulating environment for R&D scientists – Offering scientific opportunities: training and development programs • Breeding academy (breeding and germplasm management) focuses on developing the critical skills necessary for modern breeding • 3PM Academy: Excellence in project, Program and Portofolio management • Syngenta fellows programs
  9. 9. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Priority Setting
  10. 10. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Research priority depends on growers and consumers (Market) • The direction of new research is guided by our crop teams and based on customer need, technology, regulatory requirements and socio-political trends (Syngenta) • Targets: – Biotic stresses (weeds, insects, fungal diseases, nematodes), – Abiotic stresses (environmental pressures such as drought or cold) – Improved crop yield and quality.
  11. 11. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Data Management/Decision Support
  12. 12. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Big focus of R&D is the management of all the data being produced in research and development using computational biology – Phenotype (field and lab) – Genotype – Environment – Soil • Scientists produce, process, analyze, interpret, and report more 2.5 million data-points each day (Syngenta) • All have centralized database (phenotype/genotype/more) • Informatics support group (mentioned before)
  13. 13. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Partnerships
  14. 14. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Universities • Research institutes • Private companies – Collaborate with competitors (other breeding companies) • Germplasm conservation centers – To acquire germplasm
  15. 15. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Resource Allocation
  16. 16. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Huge R&D investment • (Thousand of) scientists in multi- disciplines • Streamlined product development pipeline without duplication of efforts. – Example: One quantitative genetics/biometrics serve all crops and trait development programs – Centralized Analytical Technology Lab
  17. 17. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Example Monsanto
  18. 18. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Example Pioneer • In the past five years, DuPont Pioneer R&D has doubled investment, increased greenhouse space by more than 60% and increased research square footage by more than 30%. DuPont Pioneer R&D is now comprised of more than 4,400 researchers operating in 125+ research sites in 25 countries on six continents
  19. 19. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Links with Allied Disciplines
  20. 20. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Functional areas: – Agronomy – Pathology – Entomology – Cell biology and tissue culture – Applied genomics – Plant transformation – Quality analyses – Regulatory affairs and intellectual property issues – Data base management, data analyses
  21. 21. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Collaboration across R&D – Open innovation platform – Formal R&D network – Though seeders (external collaboration) - Pioneer
  22. 22. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Product Orientation, Delivery, and Stewardship
  23. 23. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Delivery options based on convenience and efficiency • Global distribution network with flexibility to meet local needs • Several sales professionals • Wealth of information on product • Numerous services to customers (expertise, solutions, financing…) • Link key players across the agricultural value chain
  24. 24. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Product stewardship • Clear responsibility from initial research to discontinuation of a product • Management of the life cycle of technologies for maximum product value, benefits, and longevity • Pioneer: – Grain marketing and approval – Patents covered by technology agreement – Product use guide
  25. 25. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org • Material safety data sheets • Non-GMO validation certificates • Insect resistance/weed management • Best management practices for a particular technology • Seed treatment stewardship

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