The Liberia Program

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Liberia’s Cocoa Sector,Problems associated with liberia's cocoa sector and solutions,strategic objectives of achieving the program

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The Liberia Program

  1. 1. The Liberia ProgramAchievements over the last Three Years MacArthur M. Pay-Bayee Sustainable Tree Crops Program - Liberia
  2. 2. FUNDING SOURCES2006• USAID - $1.0 M2007• USAID - $2.0M2008• USAID – 6.314m ( - 2011)• WB - 190k (2 year)• USDA thru ACDI/VOCA - $1.25 (2 ½ years)
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Liberia’s Cocoa Sector• First introduced to Liberia in the mid-1800’s• Mostly smallholder crop in Bong, Grand Gedeh, Lofa and Nimba counties.• Second largest Liberian export crop at 3.5% export earning, rubber first at 93% (2004)• Poverty alleviation, job creation and overall socio- economic development
  4. 4. Cocoa harvested from a Liberian farm
  5. 5. Background – the Problems• Age and general condition of trees – old stocks, disease infested, heavy shade, weeds, insects and pests• Unclear governmental role• Fluid security conditions• Degenerated infrastructure• Shortage of trained manpower• Poor post-harvest practices and low quality of produce
  6. 6. Background – Prob. Cont’d• Monosopny and designation of Liberian cocoa• Shortage of improved planting materials• Lack of training (for farmers)• Lack of marketing infrastructure• High prices of inputs• Unscrupulous practices (LBA)
  7. 7. Sample – Liberian dried cocoa
  8. 8. Background – Some Possible Solutions• Geographic location• Cocoa rehabilitation and replanting• FFS methodologies• Improved planting materials• Improved marketing• policy• Marketing Strategies & Access
  9. 9. PROGRAM ACHIEVEMENTS BY STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES (SRs)
  10. 10. Strategic Result 1: EnhancedProductivity of Cocoa Farms Through Intensification• Baseline survey• Initial coverage• Farmer Field Schools on• CARI seed garden• Improved cocoa pods CNRA
  11. 11. Strategic Result 1: cont’d• CARI & CNRA• FFS cycles• Improved cocoa planting materials courtesy of CRIG• CARI and CRIG link• Seedlings
  12. 12. Strategic Result 1: cont’d• Plant genetist and seed garden• Nursery for rootstock• Additional programmatic areas• 65 facilitators, 61 FFS affecting 97 communities• Farmer to Farmer diffusion
  13. 13. Strategic Result 1: cont’d• Distribution of improved cocoa planting materials to 6,339 farmers (2007 & 8 FFS graduates and FTF farmers) total trained thus 6,688 (also beneficiaries in responsible social behaviours)• Seedlings transplanted to farms
  14. 14. One of several nurseries established by FFS graduates – Naii, Bonbg County
  15. 15. Strategic Result 2: Enhanced Marketing Efficiency in the cocoa sector• Farmers’ Organizations with SOCODEVI• Additional programmatic areas• Training• Development of SWOT and ODP• Price information at farmgates (MIS testing)
  16. 16. Strategic Result 3: Income Alternatives in cocoa growing communities & agro- ecologies for equitable growth• Cocoa Agro-forestry curriculum• Oil Palm curriculum• Curriculum testing• Rubber initiative• Small Ruminants
  17. 17. Strategic Result 4: Improved Policy Environment• Policy-related workshops (Government roles and options in marketing)• Policy briefs• Cocoa Sector Technical Working Group• Additional programmatic areas• A demand-driven extension
  18. 18. EXCO Monrovia photo - Vice President, Boakai, Senator Findley, DGD Aseidu , FAO-Liberia Rep Hammond S Sonai Ebai, Youth & Sport Minister Tarpeh, Acting Agriculture Minister Kandakai, to name a fewet al
  19. 19. Strategic result 4: cont’d• Roundtable: cooperative development, laws and regulations• Forum: marketing and production policy• Bi-annual EXCO meeting
  20. 20. Tasks Ahead (now & beyond)• Rubber master plan for Liberia• Policy briefs• Demand-driven extension concept note• Cooperative Development Agency (CDA).• FFS & hybrid materials for graduates• Seed garden• FOS & grouped marketing• MIS• Backstopping IITA’s food crops endeavors
  21. 21. QUESTIONS?• QUESTIONS? • QUESTIONS? • QUESTIONS? • QUESTIONS?• THANK YOU!

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