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#GlobalEducationMeeting Household Investments in education: equity concerns

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Suzanne Grant Lewis, Director of IIEP-UNESCO, delivered this presentation during the Global Education Meeting, in Brussels, Belgium, on 3 December 2018. Learn more about the meeting: https://en.unesco.org/themes/education/globaleducationmeeting2018

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#GlobalEducationMeeting Household Investments in education: equity concerns

  1. 1. It is difficult to know the true cost of education Source: Various Education Sector Analyses 3.8% 4.4% 6.0% 2.1% 9.3% 7.3% 7.9% 6.3% Nepal C�te d'Ivoire Vietnam Uganda Total expenditure on education, as share of GDP Without NEA With NEA
  2. 2. Households contribute significantly to education financing 24% 33% 49% 57% VietNam - 2015 Cote d'Ivoire - 2015 Nepal - 2013 Uganda - 2014 Household contribution to education total expenditures (recurrent and capital) Source: Various Education Sector Analyses
  3. 3. Expenditure on tutors is high, unequally distributed & exacerbates inequality 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% First Second Third Fourth % households with private tuition expenditure by household per capita consumption expenditure quartiles - Bangladesh 2000 2005 2010 Source: Pallegedara & Mottaleb, 2018
  4. 4. The distribution of household contribution within the system is inequitable 36% 42% 39% 35% 56% 65% 52% 14% 8% 11% 14% 44% Primary Education Lower secondary Education Upper secondary Education Higher Education Average - SSA countries considered Chad, 2011 Niger, 2016 Source: Various Education Sector Analyses
  5. 5. Recommendations: Better h/h data and greater data use Education Sector AnalysisNational Education Accounts Education sector plans Simulations/costing models

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