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Global Partnership for Education Webinar on National Education Account

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A National Education Account aims to produce the data needed to track the flows of education financing and target resources where they are needed most. Some benefits of implementing NEA at country level include generating data to inform policy making processes, reporting and accountability.

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Global Partnership for Education Webinar on National Education Account

  1. 1. Global Partnership for Education Webinar on National Education Account Ousmane Diouf and Said Voffal International Institute for Educational Planning(IIEP) and UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) 1st September 2016
  2. 2. SDG 4 and Education 2030 • Sustainable Development Goal no.4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all • Education 2030 Framework for Action: ‘Education expenditure per student by level of education and source of funding’  Implies coverage of all sources of financing (government, households and international) and a disaggregation, at a minimum, by level of education.
  3. 3. The availability of education financing data at international level is insufficient Why? -Data does not exist at national level -Data exists but not easily accessible -Data exists but requires significant processing and estimations to be usable -Data requires additional manipulations to fit into internationally comparable categories -Reporting data at international level is not a priority for countries
  4. 4. UNESCO NEA project – 8 countries: Guinea, Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Lao PDR, Nepal, Viet Nam – All using National Education Accounts framework – Started in September 2013, will end July 2016
  5. 5. National Education Accounts(NEA): what is it? • Comprehensive education finance data collection and analysis exercise covering: – Who finances education? – How much do they spend? – Where do the funds go? – What are the funds being spent on?
  6. 6. Origins of NEA System of National Accounts (SNA) Sector/Satellite Accounts National Health Accounts National Education Accounts • International (UN) standards to measure the whole economy of a country (ex. to measure GDP) • Produced/agreed by IMF, EU, OECD, UN and World Bank • National initiatives: France since the 1970s, Portugal, the Philippines, Thailand • UNESCO IIEP: Benin, Dominican Republic, Mauritania, Madagascar in the 1990s, Kenya in 2012 • USAID o Creative Associates: 4 states in Nigeria, Morocco o RTI International: El Salvador • World Bank: Turkey National Education Accounts UNESCO-GPE- project
  7. 7. 1. General government -Central, state, local 2. Private sector -Households, corporations, nonprofit 3. Rest of the world -Grants, loans Administrative offices General administration and organization of the system TertiaryUpper- secondary Educational institutions: 1. Public 2. Private Teaching activities Object of expenditures Ancillary services Object of expenditures Connected goods and services 1. Transport 2. Uniforms 3. Schools books and teaching materials 4. Private tuition/extra classes Pre- primary Primary Lower- secondary TVET Producing units Activities Economic transaction Financing units 1. Teaching staff compensation 2. Non-teaching staff compensation 3. School books and learning materials 4. Other goods and services 5. Gross capital formation 6. Ancillary services Transfers Level of education A coherent accounting framework around 5 dimensions
  8. 8. Financing units Financing tables Producing (income & expenditures) tables Producing units (education providers) Data collection Synthesis tables The NEA exercise Data processing Reconciliation & consolidation Analysis & dissemination Framework National report/brief Reporting data internationally (UIS/UOE) Mapping of financial flows Classification
  9. 9. Without an NEA, expenditure on education is often vastly underestimated: Education expenditure as % GDP before and After NEA 3.8% 4.4% 6.0% 2.1% 9.3% 7.3% 7.9% 6.3% 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% Nepal (2015) Côte d'Ivoire (2014) Viet Nam (2013) Uganda (2014) After NEA Before NEA
  10. 10. Key methodological outputs of the UNESCO GPE-funded NEA project International guidelines on NEA: • Framework and classification • Complete NEA databases on expenditure for each country for several years • Consolidation and estimations methods • Organisation and institutionalisation • Methodological guide on to estimate household expenditure on education from Household Surveys
  11. 11. Follow up on the NEA project results • Follow up with the 8 participating countries to support them sustaining and institutionalizing the accomplished work • Dissemination of the NEA methodology through regional workshops (Asia and Africa) • Building methodological links between NEA and other surveys/studies (BOOST, CSR, PER, UIS questionnaire on expenditure) using templates

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