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People not Poaching: community-based approaches to tackling illegal wildlife trade

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A presentation by Oliver Wilson-Holt, database editor of the People not Poaching initiative, providing a guided tour of the initiative to showcase community efforts to tackle illegal wildlife trade.

She highlights a diversity of case studies that are responding to conflict between communities and wildlife.

The presentation was given at a webinar on community-based approaches to tackling poaching and illegal wildlife trade hosted by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) on 30 March 2020.

More details: https://www.iied.org/iied-webinar-community-based-approaches-tackling-poaching-illegal-wildlife-trade

Published in: Environment
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People not Poaching: community-based approaches to tackling illegal wildlife trade

  1. 1. www.iied.org @IIED People not Poaching: Community-based approaches to tackling illegal wildlife trade A focus on human-wildlife conflict 30 March 2020 Liv Wilson-Holt – Olivia.WilsonHolt@iied.org
  2. 2. Liv Wilson-Holt Part of IIED-led project: Learning and Action for Community Engagement against IWT (LeAP). People not Poaching (PnP) is a learning platform designed to build a global evidence base of case studies to understand how communities are engaged in tackling IWT. We want to understand what works, what doesn’t work – and most importantly why – in initiatives that have involved communities in anti-poaching activities. https://www.peoplenotpoaching.org/ What is People not Poaching? 2People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  3. 3. Liv Wilson-Holt Out of 98 case studies, 31 adopt at least one anti-HWC strategy as part of their initiative to tackle IWT. Approaches include: • Preventative measures • Reactive measures • Financial mitigation measures • Physical separation of people (+livestock) and wildlife Nearly 1/3 of our case studies respond to the need to decrease the costs of living with wildlife 3People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  4. 4. Liv Wilson-Holt The majority of case studies are focused on elephants and big cats – with a few exceptions. Corrals and other forms of predator-proofing measures are widely used. Many initiatives have also formed rapid response units to both patrol HWC hotspots and respond to incidents quickly. Financial mitigation strategies, such as livestock insurance schemes and predator compensation funds, can also be effective particularly if communities are involved in their design and management. Initiatives hope to both reduce incidents of HWC and change negative attitudes towards wildlife – we have some great examples of success. There are common themes across case studies 4People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  5. 5. Liv Wilson-Holt The projects work across mountainous regions in central Asia. Predator-proof livestock enclosures are a common and immediate approach used to reduce conflict. But initiatives also recognise that communities need financial incentives to reduce retaliatory killings due to livestock predation. Three of our case studies are aimed at protecting snow leopards and supporting local livelihoods Snow leopards are caught on camera traps. Credit: Nuzar Oshurmamadov 5People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  6. 6. Liv Wilson-Holt Deterrents range from planting non-palatable crops, proofing grain stores and water supplies, and constructing chili pepper and beehive fences. Other approaches include patrols by eco-guards or community volunteers. Case studies show elephants are a problem species for communities in Africa and Asia Bornean elephants. Photo credit: HUTAN/Kinabatangan Orangutan Conservation Programme Two of our case studies use a multi- strategy approach: • Kinabatangan Orangutan Conservation Programme • Wildlife protection in the Lower Zambezi 6People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  7. 7. Liv Wilson-Holt Whale sharks frequently become entangled in nets, which if damaged can lead to killing of the species by fishermen. In response, two case studies – from Venezuela and India – have both implemented a compensation scheme for fishermen whose nets are damaged or ruined by whale sharks, although with different levels of success. The schemes also help to document whale shark numbers as fishermen use photographs to provide evidence to claim compensation. Conflict also occurs in the ocean, as two whale shark case studies illustrate CIT. Credit: CIT 7People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  8. 8. Liv Wilson-Holt • Resources • Country profiles with relevant policies, strategies and legislation • Events People not Poaching also has range of other features 8People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  9. 9. Liv Wilson-Holt Resources 9People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  10. 10. Liv Wilson-Holt Country profiles 10People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  11. 11. Liv Wilson-Holt Country profiles 11People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  12. 12. Liv Wilson-Holt Events 12People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  13. 13. Liv Wilson-Holt Head to our contribute page or get in touch at peoplenotpoaching @gmail.com We are always looking for new case studies and resources! 13People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  14. 14. Liv Wilson-Holt 14People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  15. 15. Liv Wilson-Holt Follow us on social media • Twitter @CommunitiesIWT • Facebook @peoplenotpoaching Sign up to our newsletter on our home page: peoplenotpoaching.org Keep in touch! 15People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020
  16. 16. Liv Wilson-Holt Any questions? Thank you! Get in touch at: peoplenotpoaching@gmail.com @CommunitiesIWT @peoplenotpoaching 16People not Poaching Webinar, 30 March 2020

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