Mainstreaming DRR into Development Planning


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By Negussie Kefeni
Disaster Risk Mangement & Food Security Sector, Ministry of Agriculture

CBA7 Dhaka Bangladesh

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Mainstreaming DRR into Development Planning

  1. 1. Mainstreaming DRR into DevelopmentPlanningBy Negussie KefeniDisaster Risk Mangement & Food Security Sector, Ministry ofAgricultureDhaka BangladeshApril,2013
  2. 2. Disaster risks: Context of Ethiopia• Ethiopia is still highly vulnerable to a wide range of CCinduced natural as well as man-made disasters.• Drought remains the country’s leading major hazardwhile flood is the second major hazard next to drought.• Recent experience shows an apparent marked increasein area coverage and frequency of such disasters• Climate Change and associated risks are and willcontinue to affect the economy in general andagriculture and FS in particular2
  3. 3. Background :Disaster Management in EthiopiaCrisis management focused: Pre-1973: no organized DM system, ad-hoc response to crises 1973: Relief & Rehabilitation Commission (RRC) 1993: National Policy on Disaster Prevention & Management 2004: Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency (DPPA) PSNP opened a new chapter in the history of DM in Ethiopia byshifting the focus from crisis management to risk managementRisk management focused: 2008: Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector(DRMFSS).3
  4. 4. • National Policy on Disaster Prevention & Management (NPDPM) – 1993– Focus on response largely to droughts– Actions not backed by risk assessments• National Policy and Strategy on Disaster Risk Management – awaiting approval– Full DRM cycle – prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recoveryand rehabilitation– Focus on proactive risk management– Aligned with the Hyogo Framework for Action– Multi-hazard and multi-sector approach– Informed decision making based on strong risk assessments and early warningsystem– Legal backing with proper institutional structure– Multi sectoral– Mainstreaming into development plans, strategies and policies.4Policy and Strategy
  5. 5. Disaster Risk Management –Strategic Programme & InvestmentFramework (DRM-SPIF) Translating the new DRM approach into action Designed to achieve the goals and targets of the Growth &Transformation Plan Will help harmonize DRM initiatives and create synergies for a moreeffective implementation and maximize the available resourceefficiency of utilization Main features– Aligned with the new revised DRM Policy, HFA and GTP.– Presents all DRM programme components along the different phasesof DRM and their interrelationships– Substantively defines and costs (in detail) the various DRMcomponents/programmes– Provides a mechanism for assessing progress and evaluating resultson DRM5
  6. 6. DRM Programme FrameworkPrevention & Mitigation Preparedness Response Recovery & RehabilitationDRM Communication &Awareness RaisingDRM ResearchCommunity DRMDRM MainstreamingCCA/DRR IntegrationDisaster Risk ProfilesEarly WarningSystemRapidAssessmentSystemContingencyPlanningFood & Non-FoodManagementSystemDRR ProgrammesInformation Management SystemResponse &ContingencyFundInstitutional StrengtheningCapacity Development International Collaborations & EngagementDRM VolunteerSchemeEmergencyResponseEarlyRecoveryDamage, LossRehabilitationNeeds AssessmentCoordination
  7. 7. National DRM Coordination StructureMOADRMFSSEFSRANDPPFONDPPCMulti-agencyPlatforms
  8. 8. Risk reduction measures• Large government DRR/CCA programmes supported bydevelopment partners which are being implementedcommunity level to address disaster risk and impacts ofCC (WDRP,PSNP,MERET,CRGE,Coping with Drought andCCA project, ACCRA,etc).• Government led coordination mechanisms:– Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group(which brings together all actors involved in EWR)– Sectoral Task Forces (led by respective ministries)– Multi-Agency Coordination Group ( at the technicaland strategic levels)
  9. 9. Disaster Risk Profiling• A risk assessment study being conducted(building upon existing livelihoodsbaselines) to implement the new DRM approach• Disaster Risk Profile for every wereda/district in country based oninformation collected from communities, households and DRM actors• It provides comprehensive information on: hazards and associated risks,vulnerabilities, underlying and associated causes of disaster risks andvulnerabilities, copying capacities, and current and proposed mitigationmeasures• Aims at informing:– DRR /CCA plans in weredas/districts (manual development, actualplanning process at local level, etc.)– Comprehensive contingency plans– The kind of location-specific early warning and response system thatneed to be in place9
  10. 10. Application of Risk Profiling ExerciseDRR /CCA plansEarlyWarningSystemsContingencyPlanningRiskProfiles
  11. 11. Thank you for your kind attention!!