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Major findings and actions in community-based genetic resource conservation and management in Southwest China

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This is a presentation by Yiching Song, senior fellow at the Centre for Chinese Agricultural Policy for a side event at the 15th meeting of the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, on 22 January 2015.

The event was organised by IIED, Asociacion ANDES (Peru), Centre for Chinese Agricultural Policy (China), Lok Chetna Manch (India) and Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI)

Song’s presentation presents the results of a baseline study in Guangxi and Yunnan conducted as part of the SIFOR project (Smallholder Innovation for Resilience) - including climatic changes, biodiversity trends and comparison of drought tolerance in maize landraces and hybrids, and China's Farmer Seed Network.

More details: www.bioculturalheritage.org.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Major findings and actions in community-based genetic resource conservation and management in Southwest China

  1. 1. Major Findings and Actions in community-based GRs conservation and management in SW China Yiching Song SIFOR China Team, Farmer Seed Network (China)
  2. 2. Montain A in Sout China Plain 5 ethnic groups from 22 rural communities in Karst area in 2 SW Provinces (Yunnan, Guangxi) •CCAP/CAS, ICS/CASS, GAAS, YAAS, GAAS •NGOs: ANH, MVNCC etc…… •Policy Institutes (MOA, MOEP…) •Universities(Renmin U, Minzu U) •Based on our 15 years of PPB exploration and collaboration
  3. 3. Seed Road…. …. 1998, 2008, 2012, 2014…. 2014 11 15 “ ” 2013 12 !1 MCI SEED LAW PROPOSAL VOL.1 2014’ WORKSHOP
  4. 4. Base line Survey Sampling (2013) Level Total GX YN Househol d 344 221 123 Village 29 17 12 Township 12 2 10 County 9 2 7 province 2 1 1 Altitude Range: 200m to 3500m Ethnic groups: Naxi, Yao, Zhuang, Mulao, Lishu,Han, 云南 省 /YN 广西 省 /GX
  5. 5. Climate change affected all the communities i.e. big drought, extreme whether, increasing pest (1) Farmers observation of Climate Change during 2002-2012 GX (%) YN (%) Unusual Rain fall 70.1 61.8 temperature (summer/winter) 78.7 28.5 wind strength 12.2 13.0 Sun shine 23.1 2.4 River water flow 34.4 17.9 Drought 37.1 80.5 flood 22.6 13.8 Insects/Pests 69.2 39.0 Diseases (animal &crop) 40.3 12.2 Extreme whether 5.9 6.5 Mud-rock flow 0.9 *
  6. 6. -Biodiversity is decreasing rapidly, losing related TK and Traditional culture, values(2) -- 50 native varieties despaired in the last 10 years, including 13 rice, 10 maize, 6 beans etc, e.g. traditional crops is despairing e.g. high land barley, sorghum, oak etc Reasons for losing: hybrids, low productivity, labor shortage etc For keeping: drought resistance, quality, test and nutrition, culture needs, emotional &spiritual needs ……
  7. 7. Scientific evidence: for enhancing recognition of landraces, TK and farmers’ roles ….(3), 2010…2014…  170 landraces had been assigned into 2 groups clearly with remarkable diversity, two maize agro-ecosystems  The same germplasm (30 years ago and now) are different, in field ones are more diversity rich and adaptive to changes ….. Adaptation, evolution…  The genetic structure of the landraces was well compatible with geographical pattern. Gene flow occurred in the SW  Characteristic diversification due to the bio-ecological environments, farmers’ selection based on their rich culture, TK and diversified livelihood needs
  8. 8. Roles of Landraces: for local adaptive process, as living lab/base for scientific breeding.. (4) -”Farmers have done what the state and scientists neglected and should received more regonition and support!,, need more PPB and collaboration” Dr. Shhuang Zhang Hybrid Variety, 杂交种
  9. 9. Seed Sovereignty for Food Sovereignty and Adaptation
  10. 10. Community based seed production by women farmer group and cooperatives --community parent line development of PPB hybrid V --share seed and K with other communities in GX and YN --experiment seed production of other Vs
  11. 11. Farmer to farmer exchanges for conservation, management and seed production and exchange -3 PPB experiment villages in 3 townships in 2013 ---Continue PPB in 2014….. •seed production in GX •Starting 1 community in Yunnan….. in 2014
  12. 12. Enhancing Farmers’ GRs and TK and Innovation System through on farm management and CSA Reintroduce TK farming methods Urban—Rural Linkage
  13. 13. 13 石头城农民传统文化和种子交易会 Farmers TK System 农民系统 poor and remote area OPVs and landraces, seed selection and maintenance Farmer to farmer seed exchange better off green revolution area several high yielding hybrids hybrid breeding, top-down formal seed system Technology transfer, Formal System Farmers farmers Farmers farmers Farmers farmers Farmers farmers Breeders Seed Company Extension farmers farmers farmers Seed Park in the Stone Village set up in 2013,--2014 •Naxi people’s early settlement and spiritual homeland •sitting on a rocky mountain overlooking Yangtze river •Home of 220 Naxi families from 6 natural villages • a biodiversity hotspot, with over staple 20 food crops and about 180 native varieties With a history of 1400 years of terrace farming
  14. 14. Farmer Exchange in Potato Park and CIP in Peru Seed Exchange plan among communities in 3 countries technicaly supported by CIP
  15. 15. Dec 2013,involving 22 rural communities, 4 public Agriculture R Org (CAAS,CAS) 2 Universities, NGOs, TWN, MOA, MOE, -Farmer seed conservation, on farm management and Management, PVS, PPB.. Info and Seed exchange and sharing among farmers and with scientists -policy dialogue…3 Suggestions for “seed law” Revision to protec Farmers’ rights, 1 accepted by PC in Oct 2014 -first news letter, Nov, 15, 2014 National Farmer Seed Network 2014 11 15 “ ” 2013 12 !1 MCI SEED LAW PROPOSAL VOL.1 2014’ WORKSHOP
  16. 16. Exchange workshop and policy dialogue in April 2014, Beijing
  17. 17. Farmers’ active roles
  18. 18. Community Exchange and annual planning ( 2015.1, Nanning )
  19. 19. Seed, food, culture
  20. 20. Farmer Seed Network (china) 农民种子网络 微信公众号: zhongziwangluo
  21. 21. 21 石头城农民传统文化和种子交易会 Farmers TK System 农民系统 poor and remote area OPVs and landraces, seed selection and maintenance Farmer to farmer seed exchange better off green revolution area several high yielding hybrids hybrid breeding, top-down formal seed system Technology transfer, Formal System Farmers farmers Farmers farmers Farmers farmers Farmers farmers Breeders Seed Company Extension farmers farmers farmers Welcome/ 欢迎!

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