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中非森林管理学习平台第三届国际学习平台
China-Africa Forest Governance Learning Platform
Group 2: 30 participants
中国未来相关政策以及指导文件如何应对非洲及其他发展中国家...
Recap
MofCom policy support
Chinese Green Finance System – WWF China
Ideas for pro-poor investments in Africa – China a...
Key points
• Respect laws and regulations of host/local
countries
• In alignment with good international practices
and nor...
Issues and recommendations
Development of green finance system for overseas
investment, need to strength:
•Institutional c...
China as a leading country in Africa
• Investment-related policies
Need to make sure:
▫ Communication
▫ Participation/enga...
China as a leading country in Africa
• Investment-related policies - enforceable
Need to make sure:
▫ Country’s reputation...
China as a leading country in Africa
• Investment-related policies
Need to make sure:
▫ Also need to understand and follow...
Beyond forest sector - CCCMC
Experience at early stage
• Lack of awareness on participation
• Lack of understanding of soc...
• From passive participation to pro-active participation
• development of standards, criteria & index, operational
tools/m...
▫ Approaches to the guideline development: stokehold
engagement approach – risk identification and
mitigation, sustainabil...
Gap analysis of environmental and social disclosure policies
▫ Corporate disclosure policies made by Chinese
government
▫ ...
Key findings – over 780 companies
• A big gap – especially concerning CSR sustainability
reporting
• Financial performance...
Investment in the land sector in
Uganda: key issues for consideration
• Land tenure and procedure for accessing land for
i...
Investment in the land sector in
Uganda: key issues for consideration
• Compliance with investment licence
• Understanding...
• Importance of land rights (custom right takes up
a biggest percentage ) – land for tree planting
available
• Information...
Three challenges facing Chinese companies overseas
• Awareness vs capacity
• Communication skills – local communities,
NGO...
Biggest challenge facing Africa
• Lacking in international investment experience
– Chinese companies
• Language – a barrie...
• Development aid
• Infrastructure project
• Tools for green finance
▫ Green development projects - green credit, ppp
mode...
Thank you very much
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How can Chinese guidelines and future policies regarding land-use sectors associated with Africa's forest governance to ensure sustainability and benefits the poor?

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This presentation is by Dr. Junzuo Zhang, programme director, InFIT Programme, who summarised the key points made in a discussion group on how Chinese guidelines and future policies regarding land-use sectors can address Africa’s forest governance issues to ensure sustainability and benefits for the poor.

The presentation was made at the third event of the China-Africa Forest Governance Learning Platform, held in Beijing 24-25 October 2016.

The event explored how China can help sustain Africa’s forests with a focus on the role of private sector actors and Chinese stakeholders in working with African stakeholders to promote pro-poor and sustainable investments and trade in Africa’s forests.

More details: www.iied.org/mists-china-africa-forests

Published in: Environment
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How can Chinese guidelines and future policies regarding land-use sectors associated with Africa's forest governance to ensure sustainability and benefits the poor?

  1. 1. 中非森林管理学习平台第三届国际学习平台 China-Africa Forest Governance Learning Platform Group 2: 30 participants 中国未来相关政策以及指导文件如何应对非洲及其他发展中国家森林治理的 复杂问题,从而确保可持续性,避免投资风险,以及造福贫困群体? How can Chinese guidelines and future policies regarding land-use sectors address the complex issues associated with Africa’s forest governance (and shared by other tropical countries) to ensure sustainability and benefits the poor?
  2. 2. Recap MofCom policy support Chinese Green Finance System – WWF China Ideas for pro-poor investments in Africa – China as a leading country in Africa – Cameroon CSR Risks and Responsible Action of Multinational Enterprises – CCCMC Environmental and social disclosure policies in China – Forest Trends Investment in the land sector in Uganda: issues for consideration
  3. 3. Key points • Respect laws and regulations of host/local countries • In alignment with good international practices and norms • Guidelines (e.g. green credit guidelines, sustainable palm oil guide, mining guidelines, sustainable natural rubber guide) – support green industry, risk management, regulatory measures
  4. 4. Issues and recommendations Development of green finance system for overseas investment, need to strength: •Institutional coordination •Regulatory measures (operational handbooks/tools/manuals) •Cooperation to test/pilot guidelines for demonstration and replication
  5. 5. China as a leading country in Africa • Investment-related policies Need to make sure: ▫ Communication ▫ Participation/engagement of local population - information sharing; fuller understanding of local development reality ▫ Respect local context – to hear voices of local population; be consistent with local development/needs
  6. 6. China as a leading country in Africa • Investment-related policies - enforceable Need to make sure: ▫ Country’s reputation - one company’s performance can affect other companies’ behavior ▫ Requesting expertise from producing counties ▫ Bring investors at the table – multi stakeholder engagement ▫ Prioritized tasks for next steps
  7. 7. China as a leading country in Africa • Investment-related policies Need to make sure: ▫ Also need to understand and follow up the development at regional/continent level
  8. 8. Beyond forest sector - CCCMC Experience at early stage • Lack of awareness on participation • Lack of understanding of social context – social responsibility • Lack of strategic communication and engagement • How to understand social responsibility – mission for integration to create benefits for all
  9. 9. • From passive participation to pro-active participation • development of standards, criteria & index, operational tools/manuals, action plans – ▫ Integration/inclusive ▫ Stakeholder engagement – enterprise network, partner network ▫ Due diligence framework / management system ▫ Best practice – good business case
  10. 10. ▫ Approaches to the guideline development: stokehold engagement approach – risk identification and mitigation, sustainability, due diligence approach, supply chain management – traceability and transparency
  11. 11. Gap analysis of environmental and social disclosure policies ▫ Corporate disclosure policies made by Chinese government ▫ Understanding of the roles, activities and environmental, social and governance impacts of publicly-listed companies engaged in land-based sectors – both in terms of company behavior and financial performance ▫ 8 perspectives – human rights, environment management team, environmental investment initiatives, sustainable packaging policies, CSR external audit, CSR sustainability report, land environment impact policy, and biodiversity impact reduction policy
  12. 12. Key findings – over 780 companies • A big gap – especially concerning CSR sustainability reporting • Financial performance – at least one ESG policy - 85% big companies • Sector bias – renewable energy sector, few other sectors such as forest “Disclosure Guidelines by Stock Exchanges” - HK, SZSE
  13. 13. Investment in the land sector in Uganda: key issues for consideration • Land tenure and procedure for accessing land for investment • Need to understand the dynamics and complex nature of the tenure – land rights • Need to understand and compliance with land use plans – preservation • Understand the investment incentive regimes for different sectors in forest, agriculture, processing
  14. 14. Investment in the land sector in Uganda: key issues for consideration • Compliance with investment licence • Understanding and compliance with environmental laws to avoid environmental harm • Legality – sourcing legal timber • Social corporate responsibility – consultation of local communities • Local employment – number of local people/communities, local suppliers to be involved
  15. 15. • Importance of land rights (custom right takes up a biggest percentage ) – land for tree planting available • Information on undocumented land
  16. 16. Three challenges facing Chinese companies overseas • Awareness vs capacity • Communication skills – local communities, NGOs and other stakeholders • Community relations – lack of community participation
  17. 17. Biggest challenge facing Africa • Lacking in international investment experience – Chinese companies • Language – a barrier – thus difficult to communicate • Support local initiatives • Poor information and communication • Poor community engagement
  18. 18. • Development aid • Infrastructure project • Tools for green finance ▫ Green development projects - green credit, ppp model ▫ Financial institutions – benefit returns, regulatory measures to prevent, control local risks (political, financial, enviornmental etc.)
  19. 19. Thank you very much

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