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Findings from a prototype gender-responsive, adaptative, social protection project, Mozambique

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IIED

A presentation by Simon Anderson, a senior fellow in the Strategy and Learning Group for the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), highlighting the findings from a prototype gender-responsive, adaptative, social protection project in Mozambique. The presentation was given at a webinar on 'Gender inequalities in social protection – people, households and climate adaptation' hosted by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) on 2 April 2020. Anderson's work focuses on gender equality, issues of sustainable development universality and monitoring and evaluation for learning,and he is co-chair of IIED’s gender equality champions network. More details: https://www.iied.org/webinar-gender-inequalities-social-protection-people-households-climate-adaptation

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Findings from a prototype
gender-responsive adaptative
social protection project,
Mozambique
Simon Anderson, 2 April 2020
http://www.priorize.co.mz/
Melq Gomes
Rogerio Sithole
Luis Artur
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
2
• Focuses largely on
categories of
individuals with clearly
definable criteria
• National systems often
delivered top down
• Rights-based and
aiming at universal
coverage
Social
protection
• Many dimensions and
ways to address
• Idiosyncratic & co-
variate causes with
very different
distributive aspects
• Many ways to measure
Poverty
eradication • Social contract with
citizens
• Social services
• Economic growth and
inclusivity
Local
development
Climate risks mean people
drop into poverty and also
cannot step out of poverty
Adaptation by ‘climate proofing’ local
development investments
Climate risks to SP
provision
Climate effects
impede economic
and social
development
Adaptation by ‘climate
proofing’ social protection
delivery and supporting
adaptation related activities
Adaptation by the poor
enabled by local
development planning
http://www.priorize.co.mz/
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
• The Irish Embassy in Mozambique is working with Government ministries MGCAS and
MITADER, and other partners, to generate evidence on the potential for links among
social protection and climate adaptation.
• A prospective assessment in 2016 concluded:
• The policy framework is conducive to the development of a climate sensitive social
protection system.
• Other initiatives by government seek to contribute to achieving climate resilience by poor
households (incl. local adaptation planning processes led by MITADER).
• But, given the current design and operational constraints of SP programmes, their impact on
resilience, climate change adaptation and DRM are likely to be very small.
• The PRIORIZE Initiative has been supported by the Irish Embassy to explore how to
achieve synergies among social protection provision and support to climate adaptation
through local authority coordinated identification, financing and management of local
adaptation actions involving social protection eligible households.
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
3
Background
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
• People agriculture dependent and largely living
in poverty.
• Large proportion of female headed HHs
(>50%) are poor. They are at a disadvantage
in terms of land access, asset holding, literacy
and access to agricultural extension.
• The prevalent climate risks are gender
differentiated. And, the capabilities of female-
headed single adult households to cope with
and adapt to climate change is often less than
for male-headed households.
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
4
Mabote District, Inhambane Province
- chosen for prototype testing on poverty and climate risks criteria
Photo: Melq Gomes, Coordinator ICU, PRIORIZE.
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
• District population 45,000+
• Female headed single adult HHs predominate (see table).
• 97% fhHH, 93% for mhHH Agriculture lhd dependent
• (as compared to mhHH) fhHH are smaller (6.9/ 4.7 pax),
less literacy (52.7/ 21.3%), have less land (2.9/ 1.7ha),
have less livestock (2.1/ 0.7 TLU)
• SP recipient HHs have higher av. age of HH head, but
means of all other parameters similar or above non-SP
recipient HHs.
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
5
Gender analysis of baseline survey
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
6
Gender-responsive Adaptive Social
Protection – PRIORIZE Initiative approach
http://www.priorize.co.mz/
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
7
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
• Demographic patterns demand gender-responsive
approach
• Working within government guidelines – SP and
adaptation
• ‘Layering’ adaptation and SP to not over-burden SP
system
• Management of ASP needs to be evidence-based
and iterative
• Prototype testing bottom-up facilitated introduction
of gender-responsive approach
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
8
Conclusions
• Performance assessment of prototype needs normalised for climate risks over
time
Photo: Melq Gomes, Coordinator ICU, PRIORIZE.
Simon.Anderson@iied.org
Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project,
Mozambique
9
Dedicated to the memory of
Mr Abilio Adelaide, Administrator
of Mabote district
descanse em paz

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Findings from a prototype gender-responsive, adaptative, social protection project, Mozambique

  • 1. www.iied.org @IIED Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique Simon Anderson, 2 April 2020 http://www.priorize.co.mz/ Melq Gomes Rogerio Sithole Luis Artur
  • 2. Simon.Anderson@iied.org Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 2 • Focuses largely on categories of individuals with clearly definable criteria • National systems often delivered top down • Rights-based and aiming at universal coverage Social protection • Many dimensions and ways to address • Idiosyncratic & co- variate causes with very different distributive aspects • Many ways to measure Poverty eradication • Social contract with citizens • Social services • Economic growth and inclusivity Local development Climate risks mean people drop into poverty and also cannot step out of poverty Adaptation by ‘climate proofing’ local development investments Climate risks to SP provision Climate effects impede economic and social development Adaptation by ‘climate proofing’ social protection delivery and supporting adaptation related activities Adaptation by the poor enabled by local development planning http://www.priorize.co.mz/
  • 3. Simon.Anderson@iied.org • The Irish Embassy in Mozambique is working with Government ministries MGCAS and MITADER, and other partners, to generate evidence on the potential for links among social protection and climate adaptation. • A prospective assessment in 2016 concluded: • The policy framework is conducive to the development of a climate sensitive social protection system. • Other initiatives by government seek to contribute to achieving climate resilience by poor households (incl. local adaptation planning processes led by MITADER). • But, given the current design and operational constraints of SP programmes, their impact on resilience, climate change adaptation and DRM are likely to be very small. • The PRIORIZE Initiative has been supported by the Irish Embassy to explore how to achieve synergies among social protection provision and support to climate adaptation through local authority coordinated identification, financing and management of local adaptation actions involving social protection eligible households. Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 3 Background
  • 4. Simon.Anderson@iied.org • People agriculture dependent and largely living in poverty. • Large proportion of female headed HHs (>50%) are poor. They are at a disadvantage in terms of land access, asset holding, literacy and access to agricultural extension. • The prevalent climate risks are gender differentiated. And, the capabilities of female- headed single adult households to cope with and adapt to climate change is often less than for male-headed households. Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 4 Mabote District, Inhambane Province - chosen for prototype testing on poverty and climate risks criteria Photo: Melq Gomes, Coordinator ICU, PRIORIZE.
  • 5. Simon.Anderson@iied.org • District population 45,000+ • Female headed single adult HHs predominate (see table). • 97% fhHH, 93% for mhHH Agriculture lhd dependent • (as compared to mhHH) fhHH are smaller (6.9/ 4.7 pax), less literacy (52.7/ 21.3%), have less land (2.9/ 1.7ha), have less livestock (2.1/ 0.7 TLU) • SP recipient HHs have higher av. age of HH head, but means of all other parameters similar or above non-SP recipient HHs. Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 5 Gender analysis of baseline survey
  • 6. Simon.Anderson@iied.org Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 6 Gender-responsive Adaptive Social Protection – PRIORIZE Initiative approach http://www.priorize.co.mz/
  • 7. Simon.Anderson@iied.org Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 7
  • 8. Simon.Anderson@iied.org • Demographic patterns demand gender-responsive approach • Working within government guidelines – SP and adaptation • ‘Layering’ adaptation and SP to not over-burden SP system • Management of ASP needs to be evidence-based and iterative • Prototype testing bottom-up facilitated introduction of gender-responsive approach Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 8 Conclusions • Performance assessment of prototype needs normalised for climate risks over time Photo: Melq Gomes, Coordinator ICU, PRIORIZE.
  • 9. Simon.Anderson@iied.org Findings from a prototype gender-responsive adaptative social protection project, Mozambique 9 Dedicated to the memory of Mr Abilio Adelaide, Administrator of Mabote district descanse em paz

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