BCRM energy survey-I – John Notoane


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Presentation by John Notoane of OneWorld at the CHOICES project community energy workshops in Somerset East, Pearston and Cookhouse communities, Blue Crane Route Municipality in South Africa’s Eastern Cape, held in February and March 2013.

The presentation covers the results of a community energy survey carried out in the Blue Crane Route Municipality.

More information about OneWorld: http://www.oneworldgroup.co.za/

Further details of the CHOICES project: http://www.iied.org/choices-community-energy-project-south-africa

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BCRM energy survey-I – John Notoane

  1. 1. Funded by “Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership “(REEEP) 27th February 2013 CHOICES SA - Energy Access for Improved Rural Livelihoods in the Blue Crane Route Municipality (BCRM) Feedback from the BCRM energy survey
  2. 2. A key stakeholder in the BRM and key supporter of the CHOICES-SA Project. Mayor: Majorie Nontutuzelo Scott catalyse long term support from key stakeholders, notably the municipality and investors . build capacity of communities to understand sustainable energy markets and attract investment. explore and promote the feasibility of community driven energy service delivery. Mr. Sisa Njikelana: Chairperson of PCE in RSA Parliament … “energy access for rural communities is a priority of Energy Portfolio Committee”
  3. 3. A recent quotation on energy access . . .  In Africa today 800m people do NOT have access to electricity – this number will increase to 1.1 billion people in the next decade [NEPAD]  SA needs to find a balance between energy access and affordability Christoph Frei: World Energy Council Secretary General. Talking at the Africa Energy Indaba, Sandton RSA.
  4. 4.  Assess the relative importance of energy services with respect to other community issues;  Determine the community energy needs;  Determine the current community energy use;  Determine key perceptions relevant to current use and possible energy access from local energy source (renewable energy)  Build capacity and social infrastructure to facilitate the Project into the future. . . . It is critical for the BCRM to have credible baseline information for planning purposes . . . John Notoane energy survey objectives. . .
  5. 5. Introducing Choices-SA to SE
  6. 6. BCRM Energy Survey Process . . .  survey questionnaire design process.  do not re-invent the wheel.  consultation with local & international experts  language considerations; English/Afrikaans/Xhosa  sampling of target households for survey  urban/peri-urban/rural; grid/off-grid  survey questionnaire implementation process  use locals to conduct survey  data capturing done locally too  ward committees, PSC part of survey process
  7. 7. THANK YOU TO THE CHAMPIONS FOR CONDUCTING THE ENERGY SURVEY IN THE BCRM . . . PSC Chair: Cllr. Mali energy survey champions
  8. 8. CHOICES-SA Participatory Energy Survey Implementation Structure Project Steering Committee Councillor: Somerset East Councillor: Pearston Councillor: Cookhouse Project Energy Survey Coordinator Survey Coordinator: Pearston Survey Coordinator: Somerset East Survey Coordinator: Cookhouse Interviewers Interviewers Interviewers OneWorldProjectTeamSupport Blue Crane Development Agency – Survey Office Facilities Agricultural Associations
  9. 9. Energy Surveys Target Samples % of Population No-grid Access Sample Size Grid Access Sample Size Number of interviewers Somerset East 47.4% 109 158 13-8 Pearston 11.5% 26 38 4-6 Cookhouse 14.8% 34 49 4-8 Rural 26.3% 60 88 7-8 Total 100% 230 334 28- 26 Total Sample 564
  10. 10. Cllr. Manxoweni – “it is important for the Choices -SA Project NOT to create wrong expectations in the communities” Key messages from the energy survey  88% of households have 1 or 2 children at school – impact of energy access on education; 72% oh households use electricity for lighting, and these costs keep going up!  The energy economy is cash based, no credit is used (or available);  About 56% of respondents have cell phones – important to enable communication.
  11. 11. Key messages from the energy survey  where electricity is used, all other fuels are abandoned – why? How best does the BCRM promote energy mixing?  87% of households have income =< R2500. What portion is spent on energy and why? Increasing access has to be incremental to be sustainable.  FBE lasts for 4 weeks in 7% of households! What makes this possible? How do we improve on this?  62% uses electricity for cooking & but 25% for space heating; 64% prefer firewood for space heating – health/cost?  of all sampled households, 62% of energy purchase and use decisions are made by women;
  12. 12. Pearston Ward discussion on Choices-SA
  13. 13. A good place to start . . . With our current socio economic profile of the BCRM household, we need to find ways to be more efficient with our energy uses, look closely at more renewable forms of energy AND find the best mix of energy options that will stretch resources currently spent on energy access.
  14. 14. THANK YOU!