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Rotor Rooting for Autorotational Success

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International Helicopter Safety Team (IHST) workshop presentation from HeliExpo 2013

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Rotor Rooting for Autorotational Success

  1. 1. Helicopter Training Federal Aviation Administration Educational Series Rotor Rooter Dr. Steve Sparks Updated 3/05/13 @ 8:33 AMPresented to:By:Date:
  2. 2. Federal Aviation Rotor Rooter: Administration Rooting for Autorotational Success Acronyms, checklists and memory aids.…a trip down memory lanePresented to:By:Date:
  3. 3. Objective Explore how acronyms, checklists and other memory aids can help mitigate risk associated with autorotations….and other helicopter training maneuvers.<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 3<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  4. 4. Ground RulesParticipateAsk questionsDon’t throw anything at the moderatorMake it personalAchieve one or two takeawaysHave fun<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 4<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  5. 5. From what Perspective….. Pilot-to-Pilot Instructor-to-Instructor As a Safety Advocate As an Educator As an EvaluatorPoint: What happens in Vegas….shouldn’t stay in Vegas!<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 5<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  6. 6. What started all this madness….? Professional Pilot Development begins in the early phases of flight Instruction…Law of Primacy -My instructor’s influence! Checklists and prioritization in the cockpit….<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 6<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  7. 7. False Sense of Urgency!!!!!!! Self-imposed….. Anxiety generates urgency Instructors get impatient, so expectations become unrealistic… We associate efficiency with quicknessPoint  “Extra seconds” invested in a thorough setup can pay huge dividends! <Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 7 <Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  8. 8. Inattention and ComplacencyQuestion: If we can standardize everything,why can’t we mitigate mediocrity from ourperformance?Question: How can we enhance ourperformance in the cockpit by “remembering”to do the basics?Recurring accidents….what are the positives?<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 8<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  9. 9. Reasons for our complacencyComplacency sets in because….we want to do it ourway, we know best, the environment changes, we getin a hurry, we believe nothing bad can happen to us,checklists and procedures go out the window, we gotaway with it before, rules and regulations don’t applyto us, we’re better than the average pilot, we getbored, we want to try something new……<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 9<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  10. 10. Teaching and Using Checklists cklliistt he ck s C he C<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 10<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  11. 11. Comments made about checklists…..  They’re a crutch....  I’ve got thousands of hours, so I don’t need checklists….  The flight environment is too dynamic for checklists….I’ll just do my flows!  They’re too bulky…. Flight hours do not equate to perfection!<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 11<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  12. 12. Practical Test Standards PTS PTS Required use of checklists<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 12<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  13. 13. Checklist DisciplineThe use of the word “checklist” in PTS – 76 times: Instructor PTS – 50 times: Private PTS – 48 times: Commercial PTS – 35 times: ATP PTS – 19 times: Instrument PTS Checklist usage is required!<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 13<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  14. 14. Percentage Share of Accidents byIndustry/Mission (Years 2000, 2001, 2006)1. Personal/Private 18.5 percent2. Instructional/Training 17.6 percent3. Aerial Application 10.3 percent4. EMS 7.6 percent5. Commercial 7.5 percent6. Law Enforcement 6.5 percent<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 14<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  15. 15. Percentage Share of Accidents by Activity(Years 2000, 2001, 2006)1. Instructional/Training 22.8 percent2. Positioning/RTB 13.2 percent3. Personal/Private 12.4 percent4. Passenger/Cargo 9.8 percent5. Aerial Application 9.0 percent13. EMS 1.1 percent<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 15<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  16. 16. So why ACRONYMS? They’re fun and simple memory aids They’re inexpensive They help us complete and prioritize tasks (critical/noncritical & obvious/not so obvious) They just stick…. They give the evaluator a glimpse into your thought process…”what is he/she going to do next”? <Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 16 <Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  17. 17. Pre-flight Autorotation Briefing “PRE-AUTOS”• P = Progressive Approach to Autorotations• R = Recovery gates (300, 200 & 100 feet AGL)• E = Environment• A = Airspeeds• U = Understanding the principles of an autorotation• T = Techniques• O = rOtor limitations/warning sounds• S = SAFE (Spot, ATC, Fight Instructor intervention, Engine) <Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 17 <Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  18. 18. In-flight Pre-Autorotation Setup BriefingAcronym….”HASEL” check• H = Height AGL (appropriate entry altitudes)• A = Area clear of hazards• S = Setup and security• E = Engine/system parameters• L = Look out for traffic & obstacles <Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 18 <Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  19. 19. Autorotation Scanning Acronym….(RATS)• R = Rotor• A = Airspeed• T = Trim• S = SpotPoints: Repeat the acronym over and over (prevents fixation) Go-around early if the picture is not right…. Plan-Continuation-Basis (PCB). “I can salvage this maneuver” <Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 19 <Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  20. 20. Risk Assessment Acronym I…lliness M…edication S…tress A…lcohol F…atigue E…ating<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 20<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  21. 21. Preflight: Be attentive and never trustanyone with your fluids or hatches….<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 21<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  22. 22. Positive Influence-”We never read about theaccidents that never happened” • Quantifying the positives… • Glass half-full mentality…actually the helicopter industry’s glass is 99.2% full of safety success stories…really! • Everyone in this audience has influence…..Student Pilots….Commercial Pilots…and Instructors (You are the ones we are trying to reach) <Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 22 <Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  23. 23. Which path are you going to take?<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 23<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration
  24. 24. Questions<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide> Federal Aviation 24<Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide> Administration

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