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Introduction to Global Helicopter Flight Data Monitoring

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The basics of flight data monitoring for helicopter operations

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Introduction to Global Helicopter Flight Data Monitoring

  1. 1. Presented to: Helitech International 2014 By: Captain Mike Pilgrim Managing Director Helinalysis Ltd. Co-Chair Global HFDM Steering Group HFDM – The Basics www.HFDM.org
  2. 2. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Global HFDM Steering Group • Vision: – Routine and effective utilisation of HFDM in a just culture environment across the global helicopter industry.
  3. 3. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Global HFDM Steering Group • Mission: – Improve helicopter safety through provision of focus and leadership on issues concerning the manufacture, provision, support and operation of HFDM systems.
  4. 4. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 The Definition of Flight Data Monitoring. Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) is the systematic, pro-active and just use of digital flight data from routine operations to improve aviation safety. Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) programmes assist an operator to identify, quantify, assess and address operational risks.
  5. 5. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Routine operations Accidents Serious incidents Minor incidents FREQUENCY OF EVENT Severity of event PROACTIVE? Active Failures and Latent Threats REACTIVE Why HFDM?
  6. 6. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 FDM O O IIII This is Why
  7. 7. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • What do we mean by Flight? Flight Data Monitoring Data will only be worth anything if the aircraft is actually doing something. So ‘flight’ is from power on to power off
  8. 8. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • and Data? Flight Data Monitoring Anything about the state of the aircraft which can be recorded: Airspeed Rate of climb/descent Flight control positions Engines / rotors / temps & pressures
  9. 9. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • What about monitoring? Flight Data Monitoring Careful analysis of groups of data for indications of anything undesirable. So what does it look like?
  10. 10. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Flight Data – Take-Off
  11. 11. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Flight Data – Altitude Altitude
  12. 12. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Pitch Attitude Flight Data – Pitch
  13. 13. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Solid State Quick Access Recorder How do we get the data?
  14. 14. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Aircraft without FDRs Stand alone units Power Earth Geospatial Digital (Optional) Video (Optional) Engine Data
  15. 15. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Now I have the knowledge Start compiling your trend information Its not about individual incidents Aggregate the event types Produce readable reports Involve your staff Don’t talk about individual events in terms of the crews who flew them
  16. 16. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
  17. 17. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • Deviation From Flight Path – Picked up by ATC – Air Safety Report submitted – FSO Interested but no Immediate Action • FDM Programme? Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
  18. 18. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 What the FDM had seen! Elemental SMS Solutions
  19. 19. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Deviation From Procedure – Picked up by ATC Air Safety Report submitted FSO noted incident FDM Data Checked – Multiple events found FDM Manager & FSO Meeting Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
  20. 20. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Case Study 2 Expedited Approaches Crews report ATC requests to expedite approaches FDM High Rate of Descent Events
  21. 21. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014
  22. 22. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 30 SECS -1000fpm 700ft 150ft Rate of Descent Pilot Radio Key
  23. 23. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014
  24. 24. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Case Study 2 Solution? ATC – Expedite only when safety dictates Crews – Take responsibility and respond accordingly.
  25. 25. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Demonstrable safety: Don’t just think you’re safe, KNOW YOU’RE SAFE Flight Data Monitoring

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