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Presented to: 
Helitech International 2014 
By: 
Captain Mike Pilgrim 
Managing Director 
Helinalysis Ltd. 
Co-Chair 
Global HFDM Steering Group 
HFDM – The Basics 
www.HFDM.org
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Global HFDM Steering Group 
• 
Vision: 
– 
Routine and effective utilisation of HFDM in a just culture environment across the global helicopter industry.
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Global HFDM Steering Group 
• 
Mission: 
– 
Improve helicopter safety through provision of focus and leadership on issues concerning the manufacture, provision, support and operation of HFDM systems.
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
The Definition of Flight Data Monitoring. 
Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) is the systematic, pro-active and just use of digital flight data from routine operations to improve aviation safety. Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) programmes assist an operator to identify, quantify, assess and address operational risks.
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Routine operations 
Accidents 
Serious incidents 
Minor incidents 
FREQUENCY OF EVENT 
Severity of event 
PROACTIVE? 
Active Failures 
and Latent 
Threats 
REACTIVE 
Why HFDM?
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
FDM 
O 
O 
IIII 
This is Why
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
• 
What do we mean by Flight? 
Flight Data Monitoring 
Data will only be worth anything if the aircraft is actually doing something. 
So ‘flight’ 
is from power on to power off
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
• 
and Data? 
Flight Data Monitoring 
Anything about the state of the aircraft which can be recorded: 
Airspeed 
Rate of climb/descent 
Flight control positions 
Engines / rotors / temps & pressures
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
• 
What about monitoring? 
Flight Data Monitoring 
Careful analysis of groups of data for indications of anything undesirable. 
So what does it look like?
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Flight Data – Take-Off
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Flight Data – Altitude 
Altitude
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Pitch Attitude 
Flight Data – Pitch
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Solid State Quick Access Recorder 
How do we get the data?
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Aircraft without FDRs 
Stand alone units 
Power 
Earth 
Geospatial 
Digital (Optional) 
Video (Optional) 
Engine Data
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Now I have the knowledge 
Start compiling your trend information 
Its not about individual incidents 
Aggregate the event types 
Produce readable reports 
Involve your staff 
Don’t talk about individual events in terms of the crews who flew them
Introduction to Global Helicopter Flight Data Monitoring
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
• 
Deviation From Flight Path – Picked up by ATC 
– 
Air Safety Report submitted 
– 
FSO Interested but no Immediate Action 
• 
FDM Programme? 
Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
What the FDM had seen! 
Elemental 
SMS 
Solutions
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Deviation From Procedure – Picked up by ATC 
Air Safety Report submitted 
FSO noted incident 
FDM Data Checked – Multiple events found 
FDM Manager & FSO Meeting 
Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Case Study 2 
Expedited Approaches 
Crews report ATC requests to expedite approaches 
FDM High Rate of Descent Events
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
30 SECS 
-1000fpm 
700ft 
150ft 
Rate of Descent 
Pilot Radio Key
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Case Study 2 
Solution? 
ATC – Expedite only when safety dictates 
Crews – Take responsibility and respond accordingly.
Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam 
HFDM Workshop – Helitech 
International 2014 
Demonstrable safety: 
Don’t just think you’re safe, 
KNOW YOU’RE SAFE 
Flight Data Monitoring

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Introduction to Global Helicopter Flight Data Monitoring

  • 1. Presented to: Helitech International 2014 By: Captain Mike Pilgrim Managing Director Helinalysis Ltd. Co-Chair Global HFDM Steering Group HFDM – The Basics www.HFDM.org
  • 2. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Global HFDM Steering Group • Vision: – Routine and effective utilisation of HFDM in a just culture environment across the global helicopter industry.
  • 3. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Global HFDM Steering Group • Mission: – Improve helicopter safety through provision of focus and leadership on issues concerning the manufacture, provision, support and operation of HFDM systems.
  • 4. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 The Definition of Flight Data Monitoring. Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) is the systematic, pro-active and just use of digital flight data from routine operations to improve aviation safety. Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) programmes assist an operator to identify, quantify, assess and address operational risks.
  • 5. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Routine operations Accidents Serious incidents Minor incidents FREQUENCY OF EVENT Severity of event PROACTIVE? Active Failures and Latent Threats REACTIVE Why HFDM?
  • 6. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 FDM O O IIII This is Why
  • 7. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • What do we mean by Flight? Flight Data Monitoring Data will only be worth anything if the aircraft is actually doing something. So ‘flight’ is from power on to power off
  • 8. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • and Data? Flight Data Monitoring Anything about the state of the aircraft which can be recorded: Airspeed Rate of climb/descent Flight control positions Engines / rotors / temps & pressures
  • 9. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • What about monitoring? Flight Data Monitoring Careful analysis of groups of data for indications of anything undesirable. So what does it look like?
  • 10. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Flight Data – Take-Off
  • 11. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Flight Data – Altitude Altitude
  • 12. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Pitch Attitude Flight Data – Pitch
  • 13. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Solid State Quick Access Recorder How do we get the data?
  • 14. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Aircraft without FDRs Stand alone units Power Earth Geospatial Digital (Optional) Video (Optional) Engine Data
  • 15. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Now I have the knowledge Start compiling your trend information Its not about individual incidents Aggregate the event types Produce readable reports Involve your staff Don’t talk about individual events in terms of the crews who flew them
  • 17. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
  • 18. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 • Deviation From Flight Path – Picked up by ATC – Air Safety Report submitted – FSO Interested but no Immediate Action • FDM Programme? Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
  • 19. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 What the FDM had seen! Elemental SMS Solutions
  • 20. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Deviation From Procedure – Picked up by ATC Air Safety Report submitted FSO noted incident FDM Data Checked – Multiple events found FDM Manager & FSO Meeting Case Study #1 Approach Deviation
  • 21. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Case Study 2 Expedited Approaches Crews report ATC requests to expedite approaches FDM High Rate of Descent Events
  • 22. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014
  • 23. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 30 SECS -1000fpm 700ft 150ft Rate of Descent Pilot Radio Key
  • 24. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014
  • 25. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Case Study 2 Solution? ATC – Expedite only when safety dictates Crews – Take responsibility and respond accordingly.
  • 26. Oct 16th 2014 – RAI Amsterdam HFDM Workshop – Helitech International 2014 Demonstrable safety: Don’t just think you’re safe, KNOW YOU’RE SAFE Flight Data Monitoring