In 2005, there were 436 civil helicopter accidents worldwide. T his was the accident trend when we looked at 2001 through 2005 to establish the IHST baseline – the line was flat and we were not making any changes in the trend line for civilian helicopter accidents worldwide. We will show you how the trend line is decreasing worldwide and in many Regions of the world that are supporting the IHST initiatives and focusing on improving helicopter safety. In those regions of the world not embracing the safety initiatives supported by the IHST or other safety organizations the trend line is moving in the wrong direction, at a dramatic rate in many cases.
For the baseline period 2001-05, the U.S. civil helicopter accident rate was 9.0 accidents per 100,000 operating hours. The U.S. goal for 2016 is 1.8 accidents per 100,000 operating hours.
During the past 20 years on a worldwide basis, long term helicopter accident rates remained unacceptably high and trends had not shown significant improvement. The persistence of this issue and the need to improve this record was the central theme of the International Helicopter Safety Symposium held in Montreal, Canada, in September 2005. A call to action was unanimously accepted by those in attendance at the event which indicated that the helicopter community at large recognized that improvement was necessary and that it was ready to accept the challenge to improve the safety of helicopter operations. As a result, the International Helicopter Safety Team (IHST) was formed to lead a government and industry cooperative effort to address the factors that were affecting the unacceptable accident rate. The IHST is co-chaired by a government member (the FAA) and by an industry member. Major industry participants include the Helicopter Association International, the American Helicopter Society International, the Helicopter Association of Canada, Bell Helicopter, Sikorsky Helicopter, Eurocopter, Shell Aircraft, CHC helicopter, and AgustaWestland.
After analyzing the causes behind hundreds of helicopter accidents, the International Helicopter Safety Team (IHST) developed a variety of recommendations that operators, pilots, instructors, and mechanics could follow to enhance safety and reduce accidents. A full and detailed list of safety recommendations can be found on the IHST web site (www.IHST.org) within The Compendium Report on Accident Analysis developed by the IHST’s Joint Helicopter Safety Analysis Team. (http://www.ihst.org/portals/54/US_JSHAT_Compendium_Report1.pdf) Listed below is an abbreviated list of the key initiatives and supporting toolkits that operators could pursue. SMS Develop and provide a “just culture” environment. Integrate a Safety Management System into the operation. Develop objective risk assessment within the operation. TRAINING Sustain initial and recurrent training for flight and maintenance crews. Provide specialized training in Aeronautical Decision Making. Provide frequent simulator training. MAINTENENCE Insist on strict adherence to required maintenance processes and procedures. ADVANCE SYSTEMS Equip helicopters with economical flight data monitoring technology. Translation of Toolkits is in Progress The Helicopter flight Data Monitoring Toolkit is also available in Portuguese Safety Management System Toolkit is also available in Russian Bell Helicopter is translating all Toolkits into Spanish, with more to come.
IHST Helicopter Safety and Accidents
CHANGING THE GAME Is it enough?• In 2005, there were 436 civil helicopter accidents worldwide.• Six years since then, we have seen progress, but not enough.• In 2011, there were 382 civil helicopter accidents worldwide.• U.S. helicopters accounted for 35% of these accidents.
IHST Initiatives• GATHER OPERATIONAL DATA• ANALYZE ACCIDENT DATA• DIG DEEP INTO ACCIDENT CAUSES• DETERMINE WAYS TO REDUCE ACCIDENTS• DEVELOP SAFETY TOOLKITS
Helicopter Accidents by Industry AreaAnalyzing 523 accidents in the U.S. from three years of data(2000, 2001, and 2006), the IHST has verified that these industryareas have the highest percentage of accidents. mission type share of accidents1. Personal/Private 18.5 percent2. Instructional/Training 17.6 percent3. Aerial Application 10.3 percent4. Emergency Medical Services 7.6 percent5. Commercial 7.5 percent
Helicopter Accidents by ActivityAnalyzing 523 accidents in the U.S. from three years of data(2000, 2001, and 2006), the IHST has verified that these activitieshave the highest percentage of accidents. activity share of accidents1. Instructional/Training 22.8 percent2. Positioning/RTB 13.2 percent3. Personal/Private 12.4 percent4. Passenger/Cargo 9.8 percent5. Aerial Application 9.0 percent
10 IHST SAFETY TOOLKITSSMS 1st Edition Edition 2 Translation of Edition 2 Toolkits in Progress
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