“More

to lose…

…lessons from Vietnam”
Development Workshop France

Disaster Risk Reduction
Practitionners Workshop
Bangk...
Vietnam

2
Xangsane 2006
Disasters in VN

HUE Flood 1999
HUE Cecil 1985

Natural disasters
Annual losses 1% GDP
Wutip & Nari 2013

4
National Strategy for DRR
National Target Programme
for Climate Change
National Programme on
CBDRM
Law on DRR
have bee...
But more poor,
more vulnerable people,
more affected by natural
disasters!
Who can reduce vulnerability ?

Family,
local
authorities,
&
government

7
Household level
Policy, law, codes,
regulations

Hazards & risks

HOUSE

Land
Funding, savings & loans
Building materials
...
Housing stock (Data 2009)
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

Vietnam
< 1975
1975-1999

Urban

2000-2009

Rural

0%

20%

40%

6...
People struggle for « better » homes

Despite poverty, over the past 30
years families have incrementally
replaced bamboo ...
Stronger materials, but badly used
Vulnerability is increasing: there is more to lose !

Precious family investment in
the home is at serious risk
from annua...
When disaster strikes…
Families have had to cope on their own for reconstruction.
• There has been little support and no r...
For families, damage prevention is the best option
It is cheaper, it is easy, and it is socially appropriate

Preventive
s...
BUILDING SAFER & BET TER !

15
The DWF project objective
is to reduce vulnerability
and damage in houses and
small infrastructure.
The DWF project helps
...
Making new and existing houses strong and safe
Vulnerable house

Technical
support
Stronger
houses

Subsidy
Loans
Temporar...
One message, many media:
“prevent flood & storm
damage”

19
10 generic principles of safer construction

20
Housing preventive reinforcement

2000 – 2009
Canada, DIPECHO
2011

Hue 2008

22
2010
2012, 2013
6 Provinces Mekong Delta
Impact & diffusion
 Recognition of interest at local level for housing preventive reinforcement
 Built on practices, tra...
Support to the National Programme
of Safe Housing in Flood Prone Areas
of the Ministry of Construction
DIPECHO 2012-2013
Ministry of Construction - Programme 716

Support to families to build safe house part in high flood areas (>1,5 m)
- Subs...
DWF Technical assistance – with Ministry & Departments of Construction
In each province (13) of central Vietnam
- Survey o...
Safe during
Wutip typhoon !

28
Lessons learned (1)
Safe housing
• Housing is one of sector most affected by natural disasters, but often considered
only ...
Lessons learned (2)
For families, builders, technicians, decision makers and INGO’s
• Families

: Great demand / housing r...
Development Workshop France

DW France
John Norton
B.P. 13
82110 Lauzerte
France

DW Viet Nam
Guillaume Chantry
21 Ngoc An...
Session 1  from pilot model to integration in government housing program dwf viet nam
Session 1  from pilot model to integration in government housing program dwf viet nam
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Session 1 from pilot model to integration in government housing program dwf viet nam

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  • Pop 2009 Urban = 30% Rural = 70%GDP 2012 /Capita = 1 600 US$, but GDP Urban = 3* GDP rural = 10 GDP Ethic minority20% higher shares 45% incomePoverty rate = 20%
  • Housing stock, recent, is less solid…which is normal, due to cost of construction / capacity of poor/nearly poor people… Less solid, more damage…
  • Project in 2012-2013 / technical support to MoC and 13 Provinces Central Vietnam
  • Session 1 from pilot model to integration in government housing program dwf viet nam

    1. 1. “More to lose… …lessons from Vietnam” Development Workshop France Disaster Risk Reduction Practitionners Workshop Bangkok 13-14 November 2013
    2. 2. Vietnam 2
    3. 3. Xangsane 2006 Disasters in VN HUE Flood 1999 HUE Cecil 1985 Natural disasters Annual losses 1% GDP
    4. 4. Wutip & Nari 2013 4
    5. 5. National Strategy for DRR National Target Programme for Climate Change National Programme on CBDRM Law on DRR have been prepared, voted, and are implemented.
    6. 6. But more poor, more vulnerable people, more affected by natural disasters!
    7. 7. Who can reduce vulnerability ? Family, local authorities, & government 7
    8. 8. Household level Policy, law, codes, regulations Hazards & risks HOUSE Land Funding, savings & loans Building materials & techniques Intellectual and physical labour Infrastructure & services Family needs, wishes, capacity, vision of future
    9. 9. Housing stock (Data 2009) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Vietnam < 1975 1975-1999 Urban 2000-2009 Rural 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Vietnam Permanent < 1975 Semi-permanent Less-permanent 1975-1999 2000-2009 Simple
    10. 10. People struggle for « better » homes Despite poverty, over the past 30 years families have incrementally replaced bamboo and thatch houses with more durable structures, building what they believe is a stronger house. Sadly, few houses have been either well built or completely finished and they cannot resist a strong storm.
    11. 11. Stronger materials, but badly used
    12. 12. Vulnerability is increasing: there is more to lose ! Precious family investment in the home is at serious risk from annual typhoons and floods. Unneccesary damage could be avoided. 12
    13. 13. When disaster strikes… Families have had to cope on their own for reconstruction. • There has been little support and no recognition of the important contribution families can make to damage prevention. • Rebuilding costs many times more than any support they get from the state.
    14. 14. For families, damage prevention is the best option It is cheaper, it is easy, and it is socially appropriate Preventive strengthening at domestic level needs to made a priority. 14
    15. 15. BUILDING SAFER & BET TER ! 15
    16. 16. The DWF project objective is to reduce vulnerability and damage in houses and small infrastructure. The DWF project helps protect family investment in shelter and enables investment in improvements, not repairs.
    17. 17. Making new and existing houses strong and safe Vulnerable house Technical support Stronger houses Subsidy Loans Temporary house
    18. 18. One message, many media: “prevent flood & storm damage” 19
    19. 19. 10 generic principles of safer construction 20
    20. 20. Housing preventive reinforcement 2000 – 2009 Canada, DIPECHO
    21. 21. 2011 Hue 2008 22
    22. 22. 2010 2012, 2013 6 Provinces Mekong Delta
    23. 23. Impact & diffusion  Recognition of interest at local level for housing preventive reinforcement  Built on practices, training, demonstration, public campaign more than on building codes  Working with main actors of house construction: builders / families  Pilot demonstration leads to acceptance by local authorities & families  Models diffused also through reconstruction programmes  Recognition of interest at national level, through conferences, awards, visits and collaboration for Atlas on Vulnerability.
    24. 24. Support to the National Programme of Safe Housing in Flood Prone Areas of the Ministry of Construction DIPECHO 2012-2013
    25. 25. Ministry of Construction - Programme 716 Support to families to build safe house part in high flood areas (>1,5 m) - Subsidy (500$) & preferential loan (500$) & family contribution -Technical advices & supervision -700 families in pilot phase / 60 000 in extension phase
    26. 26. DWF Technical assistance – with Ministry & Departments of Construction In each province (13) of central Vietnam - Survey of vulnerability of housing - Atlas of vulnerability and solutions for safe housing in different contexts - Model houses built - Public buildings / evacuation centre built at village level - Provincial workshops with District & Commune technicans - Public campaign / Films (Provincial & National TV)
    27. 27. Safe during Wutip typhoon ! 28
    28. 28. Lessons learned (1) Safe housing • Housing is one of sector most affected by natural disasters, but often considered only for reconstruction after disaster, not in disaster risk reduction. • Safer house = safe (location) + reinforced (structure + walls + roof). • Local architectural traditions / materials and techniques – with key resistant principles or standards. • Prevention measures (not only just before disaster) have to be supported. • Reinforcing a “common” house costs about 10 - 25% of initial cost. DWF • Duration : DWF 25 years in Vietnam, permanently since 13 years in Thua Thien Hue (central Vietnam). • From demonstration at Community level, to cooperation at Provincial level, and advice at National level. • Long process of knowledge, trust and interest. • Method transferred to other countries (Myanmar, Haiti, Indonesia)
    29. 29. Lessons learned (2) For families, builders, technicians, decision makers and INGO’s • Families : Great demand / housing reinforcement stabilises families; but incentive are needed. • Builders : Difficult to change ways of building (usually saving materials and money) but demonstration and training is a good way to change their methods. • Technicians : Construction technicians have some knowledge about impact of disasters on housing, but often forget it during design and construction supervision process. • Decision makers: Immediate preparedness is more considered than long term prevention. Face to huge damage to housing and public buildings, policy is changing; the Ministry of Construction is now considering not only housing but housing in disaster areas. • INGO’s : Housing is not a priority sector / complicated and costly. Providing only roofing materials for example is not a solution, without technical advices, and reinforcement of roof structure.
    30. 30. Development Workshop France DW France John Norton B.P. 13 82110 Lauzerte France DW Viet Nam Guillaume Chantry 21 Ngoc Anh Phu Thuong – Phu Vang Thua Thien Hué Province, Viet Nam dwvn@dwf.org www.dwf.org Financed by: IFRC (2010, 2013), European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO/DIPECHO) (2003 – 2013), Ford Foundation (2008 – 2013) CIDA IHA (2000 – 2002)

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