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1
Long term agricultural strategy:
The Role of the FISP
July 2014
Andrew Dorward
2
Overarching objective
‘The reduction of poverty through sustainable economic
growth and infrastructure development’
Mala...
3
Challenges:
•low productivity,
•over dependence on rain-fed farming with limited irrigation
development,
•low uptake of ...
4
overall agriculture & food security goals
•“to increase agriculture productivity and diversification”
•“to ensure sustai...
5
Aims:
•increase agricultural productivity,
•contribute to 6% growth annually in the agricultural sector,
•improve food s...
6
Proposed agricultural sector aim
To increase labour and land productivity for
national food security and agricultural an...
7
• Variety of different agro-ecological conditions & soil types etc
• Range of different crops for both domestic & export...
8
• Lack of consistent & coordinated strategic policy &
programme design & implementation
• Lack of consensus on critical ...
9
Farmers
•Roads
•Markets
•Poverty
•Low literacy & education
•Lack of financial resources
•Small fragmented holdings
•Seas...
 High poverty
rates (50%
<$0.40 in 2004)
 Small holdings
(50% < 1.0ha)
 Continuous
maize cultivation
 Declining soil
f...
11
• Current weaknesses also pose opportunities for
improvement
• Local economy multipliers
• Investment opportunities in ...
12
• Continuation & potential worsening of current
processes
• population growth;
• land degradation;
• forest, soil & fis...
13
FISP input
purchase
Input market
development
Incremental
input purchase
Legume
productivity
Incremental
input use
SOIL
...
14
Long term agricultural strategy:
The Role of the FISP
July 2014
Andrew Dorward
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Long term agricultural strategy: The Role of the FISP, by Andrew Dorward

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Long term agricultural strategy: The Role of the FISP, by Andrew Dorward

  1. 1. 1 Long term agricultural strategy: The Role of the FISP July 2014 Andrew Dorward
  2. 2. 2 Overarching objective ‘The reduction of poverty through sustainable economic growth and infrastructure development’ Malawi Growth and Development Strategy II 2012-16 (MGDS II)
  3. 3. 3 Challenges: •low productivity, •over dependence on rain-fed farming with limited irrigation development, •low uptake of improved farm inputs, •weak private sector participation, •low investment in mechanization. Associated with • high transport costs, • inadequate farmer organizations, • insufficient extension services, • inadequate markets and market information, • limited access to agricultural credit, • inefficient input and output markets • low technology development and transfer MGDS II: Agriculture and Food Security a key priority area
  4. 4. 4 overall agriculture & food security goals •“to increase agriculture productivity and diversification” •“to ensure sustained availability and accessibility of food to all Malawians at all times at affordable prices”. Malawi Growth and Development Strategy II 2012-16 (MGDS II)
  5. 5. 5 Aims: •increase agricultural productivity, •contribute to 6% growth annually in the agricultural sector, •improve food security, •diversify food production to improve nutrition at household level, and •increase agricultural incomes of the rural people Focus areas: Food Security and Risk Management; Commercial Agriculture, Agro-processing and Market Development; Sustainable Agricultural Land and Water management. Key support services: Technology Generation and Dissemination; Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building Cross-cutting issues: HIV Prevention and AIDS Impact Mitigation; Gender Equity and Empowerment Agricultural Sector Wide Approach (ASWAp)
  6. 6. 6 Proposed agricultural sector aim To increase labour and land productivity for national food security and agricultural and non- agricultural growth.
  7. 7. 7 • Variety of different agro-ecological conditions & soil types etc • Range of different crops for both domestic & export markets. • Relatively favourable rainfall & rivers & lake water for irrigation. • Strong social, political & technical commitment to agriculture • Low cost labour • Experience & capacity in different aspects of agriculture (farmers, private companies, NGOS & government) • Good but below potential agriculture performance with macroeconomic stability & favourable rains. Malawi agriculture: strengths
  8. 8. 8 • Lack of consistent & coordinated strategic policy & programme design & implementation • Lack of consensus on critical growth strategies • Government, politicians & donors: different & changing interests • Limited civil service capacity, resources , lesson learning & evidence based policy (lack of critical agricultural statistics) • Weak inter-sectoral coordination • Large financial flows attract politicisation & fraud • Poor infrastructure (roads & irrigation) • Weak business environment & changing policies inhibit private sector • Low levels of literacy & education • Imports & exports inhibited by high road & port costs, delays • Dependence on maize & tobacco • Small domestic markets & small player in international markets Malawi agriculture: weaknesses / challenges
  9. 9. 9 Farmers •Roads •Markets •Poverty •Low literacy & education •Lack of financial resources •Small fragmented holdings •Seasonal pressures (hungry gap, prices, sickness….) •Low maize productivity trap •Women face particular difficulties (multiple responsibilities, limited access to & control of resources, early marriages…. ) •Poverty & child nutrition: ‘life course’ & inter-generational traps Malawi agriculture: weaknesses / challenges (cont.)
  10. 10.  High poverty rates (50% <$0.40 in 2004)  Small holdings (50% < 1.0ha)  Continuous maize cultivation  Declining soil fertility  Recurring food insecurity  Highly variable maize prices  97% farmers grow maize (half also buyers)  >70% cultivated land & under maize Malawi rural economy: poverty & the low maize productivity trap Low producer investment Unstable maize prices Low maize & agric productivity Consumer ‘lock in’ to low productivity maize Low & vulnerable real incomes Low demand & for non-agric goods & services Limited agric. credit
  11. 11. 11 • Current weaknesses also pose opportunities for improvement • Local economy multipliers • Investment opportunities in agro-processing industries • High International prices of some exports. attracting private investors (funds & technical & market expertise). • New domestic & regional market opportunities. • Mobile phone spread for service access • Potential mineral earnings • Relatively low agricultural growth rates have high potential to promote wider pro-poor growth • Climate change funds? • Post election opportunities? Malawi agriculture: opportunities
  12. 12. 12 • Continuation & potential worsening of current processes • population growth; • land degradation; • forest, soil & fisheries loss, • Continued ‘weaknesses ‘ • continued dependence on but reduced aid inflows; • economic instability; • Potential new emergent changes • Climate change (temperature, rainfall, evapo- transpiration & water, global food prices) • Negative changes in regional markets, Malawi agriculture: threats
  13. 13. 13 FISP input purchase Input market development Incremental input purchase Legume productivity Incremental input use SOIL FERTILITY Maize productivity INCOMES LABOUR & LAND PRODUCTIVITY FOOD SECURITY MAIZE PRICES COSTS SCALE LOGISTICS FINANCE PPP AGRONOMY COMMITMENT CONSISTENCY COORDINATION COMPLEMENTARITY SEQUENCING RESEARCH EXTENSION ROADS EDUCATION HEALTH MARKETS ………… GRADUATION MAIZE MARKET Release Non-maize production Non-maize demand EXPORTS & IMPORT SUBSTITUTION DOMESTIC AG & NON AG GROWTH PROCUREMENT TIMING TARGETING PRIVATE SECTOR CASH TRANSFERS FARMER CONTRIBUTIONS SECURITY INPUT PACKAGES
  14. 14. 14 Long term agricultural strategy: The Role of the FISP July 2014 Andrew Dorward

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