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The Abbreviated WEAI (A-WEAI) - GAAP2 Inception Workshop

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An inception workshop for the Gender, Agriculture & Assets Project Phase 2 (GAAP2): Developing Project-Level Indicators to Measure Women’s Empowerment was held in January 2016.

In this presentation Hazel Malapit of IFPRI introduces the Abbreviated WEAI (A-WEAI).

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The Abbreviated WEAI (A-WEAI) - GAAP2 Inception Workshop

  1. 1. The Abbreviated WEAI (A-WEAI) Hazel Malapit, h.malapit@cgiar.org Research Coordinator, International Food Policy Research Institute GAAP2 Inception Workshop, ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya January 27, 2016
  2. 2. Creating the A-WEAI  USAID Goals  Streamline survey  Reduce time to administer by ~30%  Improve problematic modules (time use, autonomy in production, credit, and speaking in public)  Process  Developed pilot questionnaire (2013-early 2014)  Conducted cognitive testing (summer 2014)  Pilot fieldwork in Bangladesh and Uganda (summer-fall 2014)  Analyzed data from pilots (early 2015)  Outcomes  Version of WEAI with 6 indicators and streamlined questions  Intended for use by USAID, other donors, and potentially by national statistical systems for household surveys
  3. 3. Original WEAI vs A-WEAI DOMAIN INDICATORS WEIGHT 1 Production Input in productive decisions Autonomy in production 1/10 1/10 2 Resources Ownership of assets Purchase, sale, or transfer of assets Access to and decisions on credit 1/15 1/15 1/15 3 Income Control over use of income 1/5 4 Leadership Group membership Speaking in public 1/10 1/10 5 Time Workload Leisure 1/10 1/10 TOTAL 100% DOMAIN INDICATORS WEIGHT 1 Production Input in productive decisions 1/5 2 Resources Ownership of assets Access to and decisions on credit 2/15 1/15 3 Income Control over use of income 1/5 4 Leadership Group membership 1/5 5 Time Workload 1/5 TOTAL 100% Original: 5 domains, 10 indicators A-WEAI: 5 domains, 6 indicators
  4. 4. A-WEAI  Pros:  Shorter administration time compared with the original WEAI (reduced by 30%)  Does not include some of the more problematic modules from original baselines  When compared to the original WEAI using the second pilot data, the top two constraints contributing to women’s and men’s disempowerment remained the same  Cons:  Measures fewer indicators of empowerment; dropping four indicators  Only comparable to original baselines if analysis is restricted to 6 indicators  When compared to the original WEAI using the second pilot data, one of the top three indicators contributing to women’s and men’s disempowerment changed  CAVEAT: Pilots are based on small samples in 2 countries, so results are only indicative
  5. 5. Production: Input in productive decisions
  6. 6. Production: Input in productive decisions Inadequacy cutoff  Inadequate if (1) individual participates BUT does not have at least some input in decisions or (2) does not make the decisions nor feels s/he could to at least a medium extent Aggregation method  Respondent must have achievement in two (must be above the threshold for two activities)
  7. 7. Resources: Ownership of assets
  8. 8. Resources: Ownership of assets Inadequacy cutoff  Inadequate if household owns the type of asset BUT s/he does not own it solely or jointly Aggregation method  Achievement if at least one asset except if only one small asset (D - Poultry, F - non-mechanized equipment, K -small consumer durable)
  9. 9. Resources: Access to and decisions on credit
  10. 10. Resources: Access to and decisions on credit Inadequacy cutoff  Inadequate if household (1) has no credit OR (2) used a source of credit BUT s/he did not participate in ANY decisions about it Aggregation method  Achievement in any
  11. 11. Income: Control over use of income
  12. 12. Income: Control over use of income Inadequacy cutoff  Inadequate if (1)individual participates BUT does not have at least some input in decisions or (2) does not make the decisions nor feels s/he could to at least a medium extent Aggregation method  Achievement if individual has some input in at least one activity as long as not only (G) minor household expenditures
  13. 13. Leadership: Group membership
  14. 14. Leadership: Group membership Inadequacy cutoff  Inadequate if not part of any group Aggregation method  Achievement in at least one
  15. 15. Time: Workload
  16. 16. Time: Workload (FTF Haiti midterm survey)  CAPI example A A A A A A A A J J B B C C G G GG G G G G G G GG G G G G G G B B G GG G G G G G G G G G G G
  17. 17. Time: Workload Inadequacy cutoff  Inadequate if worked more than 10.5 hours in the previous day Aggregation method  N/A
  18. 18. Question: We are not sure we have the time to collect the entire A-WEAI module. Is it possible to only measure particular domains of the A-WEAI and not administer the Index in its entirety without threats to validity and reliability? Answer: You can certainly measure particular domains (or even indicators) by themselves, but please note that doing so does not result in the A-WEAI. The A- WEAI is obtained by taking a weighted average of two subindexes, the 5DE and GPI, and both of them are obtained by taking the weighted average of the 6 indicators representing the 5 domains. These 6 indicators can each be interpreted on their own, so if you do not have time to administer the entire module but wish to collect some gender-relevant indicators, you can try to see which domains/indicators are most relevant to you. There is a discussion paper available that describes some of the validity testing that was done for the original indicators; please see: http://www.ifpri.org/publication/women-s-empowerment- agriculture-index. In addition, we recommend referring to the versions table to determine which version of the index is best for you. Frequently asked questions (1)
  19. 19. Question: How much does it cost to collect the A-WEAI module? Answer: The second pilot cost $44-$83k but that included a longer module that included all the questions we were testing but didn’t use, as well as 2 rounds of cognitive testing. The original WEAI pilots cost between $36-$56k across the three countries. The Feed the Future baselines (which collected many more modules) were much more expensive. The Rwanda survey (2000 households) cost $160,000 but included two dietary diversity modules and the Household Hunger Scale. The Tajikistan survey (2000 households) cost $425,000 and collected many more modules on consumption, expenditure, dietary diversity, anthropometric measurement, etc. Question: How long does it take to administer the A-WEAI? Answer: Based on IFPRI’s experience implementing the A-WEAI pilots, the final A- WEAI questionnaire is estimated to take 25-30 minutes per person. If the surveys are done concurrently with men and women, then the additional time per dual- adult household is also 25-30 minutes. Frequently asked questions (2)
  20. 20. Thank you! Any questions? Contact Hazel Malapit at h.malapit@cgiar.org Visit the WEAI Resource Center: https://www.ifpri.org/topic/weai-resource-center

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