Global Hunger Index 2009


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Presentation by IFPRI's Klaus von Grebmer on the 2009 Global Hunger Index: Focus on Hunger and Gender Inequality

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Global Hunger Index 2009

  1. 1. The hunger of one … is the shame of all … African proverb
  2. 2. Klaus von Grebmer IFPRI November 19, 2009 Washington D.C.
  3. 3. Why a Global Hunger Index? <ul><li>Raise awareness of regional and country differences in hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Help learn from success and failures in hunger reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Provide incentives to act and improve international ranking </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted at policy makers, donors, media, public </li></ul>
  4. 5. Measures 3 dimensions of hunger <ul><li>Undernourishment </li></ul><ul><li>Child malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Child mortality </li></ul>
  5. 6. Countries ranked on a 100-point scale Min and max values not observed in practice
  6. 7. How up-to-date is the data? Food price rise (2007-08) : Only partially reflected Global financial crisis (2008- ) : Not accounted for
  7. 8. Rank regions by hunger prevalence <ul><li>2009 Global Hunger Index: </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America and Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>Near East and North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul><ul><li>South Asia </li></ul>
  8. 9. Regional performance and progress
  9. 10. GHI country performance: Index by severity 29 countries: “ alarming &quot; or “ extremely alarming ” levels of hunger
  10. 11. GHI Winners and Losers from 1990 to 2009 Countries with both 1990 GHI and 2009 GHI less than five are excluded
  11. 12. Country progress
  12. 13. Implications of the global recession <ul><li>Vulnerabilities* in: </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign investment </li></ul><ul><li>International aid </li></ul><ul><li>Remittances </li></ul>*IMF criteria for assessing vulnerability
  13. 14. GHI and the world financial crisis
  14. 15. India State Hunger Index Ethiopia Sub-National Hunger Index Nepal State Hunger Index