Gender nutrition food security in asia af final

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  • Draws heavily on work of Purnima Menon (PHND) and Anjor Baskar from NDO; Neha Kumar (PHND), Ahkter Ahmed (PHND)
  • Almost 10 years ago, IFPRI colleagues Lisa Smith and Lawrence Haddad pointed to the big contribution that improvements in women’s education and women’s status made to reductions in child malnutrition worldwide
  • More recent findings…Every year since 2007, IFPRI computes the new Global Hunger Index. Last year, correlated this with the GGI index produced by the World Economic Forum. Overall, there is a strong, negative correlation between gender equality and global hunger. Component with highest correlation with global hunger is the education sub-index, followed by the health sub-index.
  • Strongest correlation is with education…with a notable regional exception.
  • If we look at the trends in the underlying components, we see a relatively steady decline in under five mortality rates over the last 15 years or so.
  • But social exclusion—in its various forms—is highly correlated with malnutrition
  • Most growth faltering occurs between 0 to 24 months. Kids start off close to normal (0 SD) but then deteriorate.
  • I may be preaching to the choir, but…
  • Negative effect on hours, positive (insig) effect on total income. But, productivity. 0-2 had greatest impact
  • The India State Hunger Index 2008 findings highlight the continued overall severity of the hunger situation in India, while revealing the variability in hunger across states within India. It is indeed alarming that not a single state in India is either low or moderate in terms of their hunger index scores; most states have a “serious” hunger problem, and one state, Madhya Pradesh, has an extremely alarming hunger problem
  • And even within Asia, the link between gender and nutrition is mediated by differences in social, economic, and cultural conditions. Why does this matter in terms of child nutrition? Why do we care?
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