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International Migration Remittances and Food Security

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"International Migration Remittances and Food Security" presented by Dejan Keserovic at Regional Research Conference “Agricultural Transformation and Food Security in Central Asia”, April 8-9, 2014, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

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International Migration Remittances and Food Security

  1. 1. REGIONAL RESEARCH CONFERENCE AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND FOOD SECURITY IN CENTRAL ASIA International Migration Remittances and Food Security Dejan Keserovic Regional Coordinator IOM Central Asia Coordination Office
  2. 2. Central Asia 10 Global Challenges • the accelerating course of history • the global demographic imbalance • the global food security threat • the water shortage • the global energy security • the exhaustion of natural resources • the third industrial revolution • the growing social instability • the crisis of our civilization’s values • the threat of a new global destabilization
  3. 3. 4 Migration Pathways – TOP Migration Corridors: NORTH-NORTH : Germany to USA, UK to Australia and Canada, Republic of Korea and UK to USA SOUTH-SOUTH: Ukraine to Russia, Russia to Ukraine, Bangladesh to Bhutan, Central Asia to Russia , Afghanistan to Pakistan SOUTH-NORTH: Mexico to USA, Turkey to Germany, China /Philippines/India to USA NORTH-SOUTH USA to Mexico/South Africa , Germany to Turkey, Portugal to Brazil, Italy to Argentina Source: IOM calculations, based on UN DESA, 2012b, 2013 IOM World Migration Report
  4. 4. • 24,6 million international migrants within the CIS in 2010 (11,5% of the total number of international migrants in the world). Provided that 90% of international migrants are citizens of the former USSR republics who change the states of residence within the region.* *UN 2013 data. UN data is available at the link: Trendsin international migrant stock: migrants by destination and origin [Trends in the number of international migrants: Migrants by countries of destination and the outcome]. Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the UN. Population Division. The database of the UN, POP/DB/MIG/Stock/Rev.2012, July 2012
  5. 5. Migration Trends Russian Federation – April 2014 * Source: http://www.fms.gov.ru/about/statistics/data/details/54891/ 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 4000000 4500000 5000000 males famales
  6. 6. 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 Migrants Migration Trends Kazakhstan – January 2014 Source: Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  7. 7. 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 GDP GDP • In 2013, remittances represent a high share of GDP; among the top 10 ECA recipients of remittances are Tajikistan, with 48,1 per cent of GDP ($4.1 billion), and Kyrgyzstan with 31.4 per cent of GDP ($2.3 billion) Source: The World Bank “Migration and Remittance Flows in Europe and Central Asia: Recent Trends and Outlook” 2013-2016, p.15&16
  8. 8. THEMATIC AREAS  Migration Management: Immigration, Technical Cooperation and Border Management  Migration & Development  Emergency response and community stabilization – MCOF http://www.iom.int/cms/mcof  Combating Trafficking in Persons, combating Irregular Migration  Resettlement and Operational Movements CROSS-CUTTING THEMES  Governance  Migrant rights  Civil society development  Gender  Health IOM Support
  9. 9. Regional/Global Frameworks • Astana Economic Forum – G global a new dialogue format. The initiative has been designed to combine the efforts of all to establish a fair and secure world order. • RCPs – Almaty Process • Customs Union and the Common Economic Space • Commonwealth of Independent States
  10. 10. REGIONAL RESEARCH CONFERENCE AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND FOOD SECURITY IN CENTRAL ASIA Thank you Contacts: IOM Central Asia Coordination Office 6, Sarayarka ave., 8th Floor Astana 010000 Republic of Kazakhstan tel: +7 712 790345-8 www.iom.kz www.iom.int

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