PRELIMINARY

WEAI Baseline Results
Hazel Malapit, IFPRI
WEAI Learning Event, Washington, DC, November 21, 2013
Overview
Compare WEAI and FTF indicators across 13 countries
• Factors that might affect empowerment:
– Poverty
– Income
–...
WEAI Scores
Country

Region

WEAI Score

Ranking

Bangladesh

Asia

0.66

Low

Cambodia

Asia

0.98

High

Nepal

Asia

0....
Disempowerment scores
for women
(1 – 5DE)

0.00

Disempowerment Index (1 - 5DE)

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35
...
Poverty
Less than $1.25/day, per capita PPP (USD)
1.00
CAMBODIA
0.95

RWANDA

0.90

WEAI Score

0.85

UGANDA

HAITI*

MALA...
Income
Per capita expenditure, USD
1.00

CAMBODIA
0.95
RWANDA

0.90
UGANDA

WEAI Score

0.85

HAITI

MALAWI
NEPAL

0.80

Z...
Education
Highest household achievement

Primary or no education

Secondary education

1.00

1.00
CAMBODIA

CAMBODIA

0.95...
Household hunger scale
Households experiencing moderate or severe hunger (score of 2 - 6)

Prevalence of households with m...
Household hunger scale
Comparison of empowered versus not yet empowered women
60

Legend: Empowered women; Not yet empower...
Women’s Dietary Diversity
Mean number of food groups consumed
(score 1-9)
4.5

5.0

Legend: Empowered women; Not yet empow...
Exclusive breastfeeding
Children < 6 months exclusively breastfed
100
90

RWANDA

Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding, %...
Minimum Acceptable Diet
Children 6-23 months receiving MAD
50
HONDURAS

Children achieving minimum acceptable diet, %

45
...
Child Wasting
< 5 years with moderate and severe wasting
(weight-for-height)
20

Prevalence of children with wasting, %

K...
Child Stunting
< 5 years with moderate and severe stunting
(height-for-age)

70
MALAWI
RWANDA

Prevalence of children with...
Children Underweight
< 5 years moderately and severely underweight
(weight-for-age)
45

NEPAL

Prevalence of underweight c...
Child Stunting, Wasting, & Underweight
Comparison of empowered and not yet empowered women
Wasting

Stunting

9

50

8

45...
Summary
• WEAI scores associated with income (-) and
education (primary [-], secondary [+])
• Strongest associations betwe...
Any questions? Contact:
Hazel Malapit: h.malapit@cgiar.org

WEAI Resource Center:
http://www.ifpri.org/book9075/ourwork/pr...
Session 1 - Malapit - Preliminary WEAI Baseline Results
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Session 1 - Malapit - Preliminary WEAI Baseline Results

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Presentation by Hazel Malapit (IFPRI) at "A Learning Event for the Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index," held November 21, 2013 in Washington DC.

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Session 1 - Malapit - Preliminary WEAI Baseline Results

  1. 1. PRELIMINARY WEAI Baseline Results Hazel Malapit, IFPRI WEAI Learning Event, Washington, DC, November 21, 2013
  2. 2. Overview Compare WEAI and FTF indicators across 13 countries • Factors that might affect empowerment: – Poverty – Income – Education • Outcomes that might result from empowerment: – Household level indicators: household hunger score – Mother indicators: women’s dietary diversity score – Mother behavior: minimum acceptable diet, exclusive breastfeeding – Child indicators: wasting, stunting, underweight
  3. 3. WEAI Scores Country Region WEAI Score Ranking Bangladesh Asia 0.66 Low Cambodia Asia 0.98 High Nepal Asia 0.80 Medium Tajikistan Asia 0.69 Low Haiti Latin America & Caribbean 0.85 High Honduras Latin America & Caribbean 0.75 Medium Kenya East Africa 0.72 Low Rwanda East Africa 0.91 High Uganda East Africa 0.86 High Ghana West Africa 0.72 Low Liberia West Africa 0.69 Low Malawi Southern Africa 0.84 Medium Zambia Southern Africa 0.80 Medium
  4. 4. Disempowerment scores for women (1 – 5DE) 0.00 Disempowerment Index (1 - 5DE) 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40
  5. 5. Poverty Less than $1.25/day, per capita PPP (USD) 1.00 CAMBODIA 0.95 RWANDA 0.90 WEAI Score 0.85 UGANDA HAITI* MALAWI NEPAL 0.80 0.75 ZAMBIA HONDURAS TAJIKISTAN KENYA GHANA 0.70 LIBERIA BANGLADESH 0.65 0.60 0 10 20 30 40 50 Population living on less than $1.25/day, % Legend: 60 70 80
  6. 6. Income Per capita expenditure, USD 1.00 CAMBODIA 0.95 RWANDA 0.90 UGANDA WEAI Score 0.85 HAITI MALAWI NEPAL 0.80 ZAMBIA 0.75 HONDURAS GHANA KENYA 0.70 TAJIKISTAN LIBERIA BANGLADESH 0.65 0.60 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 per capita expenditure, USD Legend: 3.50 4.00 4.50
  7. 7. Education Highest household achievement Primary or no education Secondary education 1.00 1.00 CAMBODIA CAMBODIA 0.95 0.95 RWANDA 0.90 0.80 0.85 MALAWI ZAMBIA WEAI Score WEAI Score 0.85 NEPAL 0.75 MALAWI 0.80 NEPAL ZAMBIA 0.75 KENYA GHANA 0.70 KENYA GHANA 0.70 BANGLADESH 0.65 0.60 BANGLADESH 0.65 0.60 55 65 75 85 95 None or primary education as highest level, % Legend: RWANDA 0.90 0 10 20 30 40 Secondary education as highest level, % 50
  8. 8. Household hunger scale Households experiencing moderate or severe hunger (score of 2 - 6) Prevalence of households with moderate or severe hunger, % 70 60 BANGLADESH* KENYA 50 HAITI RWANDA 40 LIBERIA MALAWI GHANA 30 ZAMBIA UGANDA 20 TAJIKISTAN NEPAL 10 HONDURAS CAMBODIA 0 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 WEAI Score Legend: *Households with less than 2,122 and 1,805 kcal/person/day 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00
  9. 9. Household hunger scale Comparison of empowered versus not yet empowered women 60 Legend: Empowered women; Not yet empowered women * Indicates statistically significant difference at 0.05 level 55 50 45 Prevalence, % 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 TAJIKISTAN RWANDA* UGANDA MALAWI ZAMBIA
  10. 10. Women’s Dietary Diversity Mean number of food groups consumed (score 1-9) 4.5 5.0 Legend: Empowered women; Not yet empowered women * Indicates statistically significant difference at 0.05 level 4 CAMBODIA 4.5 TAJIKISTAN 4.0 ZAMBIA NEPAL GHANA 3 HAITI Dietary Diversity Score Dietary Diversity Score 3.5 UGANDA 3.5 HONDURAS MALAWI RWANDA* 3.0 2.5 2 1.5 KENYA* 2.5 1 0.5 2.0 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.95 WEAI Score 1.00 0 TAJIKISTAN RWANDA* Legend: * Indicates statistically significant difference at 0.05 level UGANDA MALAWI ZAMBIA
  11. 11. Exclusive breastfeeding Children < 6 months exclusively breastfed 100 90 RWANDA Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding, % 80 HONDURAS NEPAL 70 GHANA CAMBODIA MALAWI 60 UGANDA KENYA 50 BANGLADESH 40 TAJIKISTAN 30 ZAMBIA HAITI 20 10 LIBERIA 0 0.60 Legend: 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 WEAI Score 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00
  12. 12. Minimum Acceptable Diet Children 6-23 months receiving MAD 50 HONDURAS Children achieving minimum acceptable diet, % 45 40 CAMBODIA 35 30 25 NEPAL 20 MALAWI ZAMBIA GHANA 15 UGANDA RWANDA BANGLADESH HAITI 10 TAJIKISTAN KENYA 5 LIBERIA 0 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 WEAI Score Legend: 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00
  13. 13. Child Wasting < 5 years with moderate and severe wasting (weight-for-height) 20 Prevalence of children with wasting, % KENYA 15 NEPAL HAITI GHANA CAMBODIA 10 MALAWI UGANDA TAJIKISTAN 5 RWANDA ZAMBIA LIBERIA HONDURAS 0 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 WEAI Score Legend: 0.90 0.95 1.00
  14. 14. Child Stunting < 5 years with moderate and severe stunting (height-for-age) 70 MALAWI RWANDA Prevalence of children with stunting, % ZAMBIA NEPAL 60 50 UGANDA CAMBODIA KENYA LIBERIA HONDURAS 40 GHANA TAJIKISTAN 30 HAITI 20 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 WEAI Score Legend: 0.90 0.95 1.00
  15. 15. Children Underweight < 5 years moderately and severely underweight (weight-for-age) 45 NEPAL Prevalence of underweight children, % 40 35 30 CAMBODIA 25 KENYA 20 GHANA MALAWI UGANDA ZAMBIA 15 RWANDA LIBERIA 10 TAJIKISTAN HAITI HONDURAS 5 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 WEAI Score Legend: 0.90 0.95 1.00
  16. 16. Child Stunting, Wasting, & Underweight Comparison of empowered and not yet empowered women Wasting Stunting 9 50 8 45 16 14 40 7 12 35 6 Prevalence, % Underweight 10 30 5 25 8 4 20 3 6 15 4 2 10 1 2 5 0 0 ZAMBIA UGANDA TAJIKISTAN Legend: Empowered women; Not yet empowered women * Indicates statistically significant difference at 0.05 level 0 TAJIKISTAN UGANDA ZAMBIA TAJIKISTAN ZAMBIA UGANDA
  17. 17. Summary • WEAI scores associated with income (-) and education (primary [-], secondary [+]) • Strongest associations between WEAI and the hunger score and diet quality indicators • Unclear relationships between WEAI and children’s nutritional status • Women’s empowerment is only one piece of the puzzle – other intervening factors are likely to influence the desired outcomes
  18. 18. Any questions? Contact: Hazel Malapit: h.malapit@cgiar.org WEAI Resource Center: http://www.ifpri.org/book9075/ourwork/program/weai-resource-center

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