UDP and Rice Production in Nigeria: The Experience So Far
IFDCUDP and Rice production inNigeria: The experience so farProf. B. Tarfa & Brian KigerGISAIA 2013:“Guiding Investments in Sustainable Intensificationin Africa”Abuja, Nigeria – June18, 2013
IFDCUDP Technology… Agenda What is UDPtechnology? What are USG? How to apply briquettes? Benefits of briquettes Challenges Building Demand Enabling Supply Moving Forward
IFDCWhat is UDP technology?Urea Deep Placement (UDP) is the practice of placingbriquetted urea 5-7cm deep in puddled transplanted ricefields, at spacing of 40 cms.40 cm20cm
IFDCWhat are USGs? Urea Super Granules (USGs) are applied once agrowing season— a week after transplanting riceseedlings. One USG is applied geometrically between 4 ricestands. They are oval compacted pellets produced bybriquetting granular urea using briquetting machinesto 1.8 gram or 2.7 grams. Notore Chemical industries is currently producingand marketing 2.7g in 10 kg bags. USG releases N slowly and is placed out of the reachof weeds’ roots.
IFDCComparison of N Balance in RiceFieldsUrea Deep PlacementUrea Split Application
IFDCComparison of Urea Applications1 Out of 3 Bags of Urea lost using USG2 Out of 3 Bags of Urea lost by Broadcast
IFDCWhat are the benefits of UDPtechnology? Increases efficiency of N use in rice by placing it in thesoil—reducing N loss through gaseous emissionsand/or floodwater run-off. In broadcast application ofurea, 40% of N fertilizers volatizes into the atmosphere. Nitrogen use efficiency under irrigated rice increasesby 40%. Reduces weed competition as fertilizer is placed nearrice plants’ roots. Irrigated rice crop yields increase up to 20-30% (NigerState 2012).
IFDCUDP Benefits Rice SectorStakeholdersFor farmers:• Decrease in production cost• Increase in yield• Increase in profitFor entrepreneurs:• New area of business & profit• Opportunity to contribute to national developmentFor the national economy:• Increase in rural employment opportunities• Increase in rice productionFor the environment:• Reduces Nitrogenrunoff and volatization
IFDCWhat are the challenges of UDPtechnology adoption in Nigeria? Limited Supply and Demand of USG UDP Best Practices are not well-known to rice farmers Many farmers complain that USG application is labor-intensive Farmers incorrectly apply USGs to other crops and/ordo not practice rice cultivation and field managementbest practices, limiting USG’s yield effect.
IFDCSince April 2012…The FMARD (via NPFS), Notore andMARKETS II/IFDC began collaboratingon expanding the Supply and Demandof Urea Super Granules in targetedNigerian rice producing regions.
IFDCSince 2012, MARKETS II/ IFDC…• 13 Technology Transfer Centers (TTCs) managedby rice farmers and state ADP officers;• Trained more than 6,000 farmers (includingNotore staff) on UDP technology best practices;• Developed training curriculums to improvedissemination of USG benefits to farmers forcoming seasons;• Partnered with Notore, the FMARD (via NPFS),and state ADPs on supplying USG to pilot ricegrowing markets.
IFDCBuilding Supply: Notore’s CommercialProduction of USG
IFDC020406080100120Briquetted urea supplied to the marketsince April 2012
IFDCSince April 2012, Notore… Developed a production line for briquetting urea,packaging and shipping it to select retailers; Developed supply channels of USG to targetedrice grower regions in Nigeria; Stocked 230 Mt of USG in 10kg bags (23,000 unitsales); Developed agro dealer demonstration plots afterattending the MARKETS II trainings at TTCs.
IFDCMoving Forward Continue working with old and new partners toexpand briquetted fertilizer supply while continuingto develop and expand market demand Explore briquetted fertilizer application rates onother crops (soya, maize, tomatoes, sorghum) Develop briquetting NPK capacities Develop mechanized applicator to facilitate labor ofbriquetted fertilizer application Explore innovative ways to expand Extensiontraining