SFI Irish Future Internet Forum

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Irish Future Internet Forum,
Science Foundation Ireland,
Opening presentation, 2011.

Published in: Business, Technology
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  • The internet we use today was designed in the 1960s for purposes that bear little resemblance to current and foreseen usages.
    The internet began as ARPAnet, a U.S. Department of Defense project to create a computer network that would continue to function even if a large portion f it were destroyed by nuclear war or natural disaster.
    The original internet was used by a handful of research groups to communicate with each other, at that time no-one could have foreseen twitter, facebook (the rise of social networking).
    University of Hull reference: Some experts consider that the Web doubles in size every four months. [So 11 months is conservative]
    Add to this the fact that the Web is not organised like a library, and is a medium on which anyone can publish anything, and it is no wonder that many users become frustrated at not being able to track down quality information on the Web.
  • Sensor networks introduces machine-to-machine communications, e.g. your fridge ordering more milk to be delivered from the supermarket! Ericsson predict 50 billion devices being connected to the internet by 2020 – how will networks cope with this massive increase in connections and data? Sensor networks enable automation, e.g. monitoring environmental risks in dumps (Clarity). Not to dismiss wireless and fixed communications – we are building a new generation of clever wireless and fixed networks, where users share the limited resources such as radio spectrum more efficiently [CTVR, e.g. cognitive radio].
    How to make sense of the vast amounts of data on the web? Clever search tools, obviously Google, but also Heystaks [Clarity spin-out], which is a community based search tool based on google (you share your search results with your community since this probably increases the chance of finding the most relevant data). Semantic data [DERI] is needed – where data is tagged for meaning and relevance, making it possible to share and find relevant data quicker. Trawling the blogosphere/twitter/social networks to carry out sentiment analysis [Clique]: can you predict the next civil unrest site?
    No longer about building technology for technology’s sake: companies are chasing the business model/economic drivers – what does the user want? What new services can we provide? Traditional telecommunications companies no longer can be seen as “bit pipe” providers. How can they monetise the internet?
    Google targeted advertising: pulling content out of your gmail and inferring your interests and hence targeted advertising, e.g. you mail a friend about a football match and you receive an ad for match tickets, travel to UK etc. iPhone tracking your movements via GPS – not clear what they will use the data for, but could be targeted ads also. Raises concerns about privacy and security – do you want your interests and movements being tracked, who has access to this data and what are they using it for?
    Localisation [CNGL] is critical so users have the same preferred user experience in different territories. English is only 27% of all the languages used on the internet in 2010. CNGL took all tweets referring to the World Cup (2010) and re-tweeted them in all the languages! User generated content like blogs is starting to outpace professionally edited websites, bringing challenges of noisy data, mistakes in grammar and spelling, which add to the challenge of being able to understand the information.
    E-Health application example: Clarity using patients’ mobile phones strapped to their bodies sending sensor data to determine if patients are doing their physiotherapy exercises correctly remote from the doctor/physio. Sweat sensors built into clothing to monitor athletes’ performance.
    Cloud computing example: 4C working with EMC in Cork on energy costs and security for cloud computing.
  • Clarity – the sensor web
    CNGL – personalisation of information found on the web, documents, tweets, software..
    CTVR – wireless and fixed communications infrastructure
    DERI – the semantic web
    Lero – software development
    Clique – network analysis (e.g. sentiment analysis)
    FAME – managing huge complex networks
    StratAG – geospatial technologies
  • ComReg Test and Trial Licensing scheme:
    http://www.comreg.ie/about_us/test_and_trial_licensing_regime.696.923.spotlight.html
    As far as we know unique in the world.
    “Spectrum Playground”
    CTVR used it when they hosted IEEE DYSPAN International Conference in 2007, bringing researchers from all over the world to test their hypotheses on real radio spectrum, for the first time ever in the world.
    http://www.ieee-dyspan.org/2007/Demonstrations.html
    IEEE DySPAN 2007 features the world's first trials of innovative cognitive radio, cognitive networks and dynamic spectrum access technologies operating in dedicated licensed and licensed-exempt channels in the TV and microwave frequency bands. The demonstrations and trials comprise a combination of fixed-location demonstrations in the conference venue and Trinity College Dublin, in addition to mobile operation in the greater Dublin area. To facilitate the demonstrations, the Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg) has awarded a trial licence to Ireland's Centre for Telecommunications Value-Chain Research (CTVR) along with the participating demonstrators as third party collaborators under ComReg's Wireless Trial licence scheme for the period April 2nd - May 1st 2007.
  • Add figures for Computer Science also – these are just telecoms figures.
  • SFI Irish Future Internet Forum

    1. 1. Future Internet – a National Priority Dr. Graham Love Director of Policy and Communications
    2. 2. Future Internet Drivers • The internet is critical infrastructure underpinning financial services, security, cloud computing, eHealth, education, our social lives, our mobility • There is more information on the web at present than a human could read in their lifetime; and it doubles every 11 months • “Every 2 days we create as much information as we did from the dawn of civilization up until 2003” - Eric Schmidt, then Google CEO, August 2010. • The internet is a driver for economic growth: new services and products • The current internet is reaching its limits in terms of capacity, security and management capability • Critical shortcomings in terms of performance, reliability and scalability • Large targeted investment programmes in USA, South Korea, Japan, Australia, South Africa and Europe e.g. Spain has invested over €300M in Future Internet initiatives in 2011
    3. 3. Scope • Future Internet infrastructure will incorporate sensor networks as well as wireless and fixed communications networks • Access and management of data as well as issues of privacy and accountability is key to its development, not just raw data but data semantics • A key feature is its user and service centric perspective • Customization and personalization of services by service users as individuals and communities is also a key feature of the Future Internet • Economic opportunities come from new internet products and services, e.g. social networking, mobile phone apps, internet commerce, sensor apps, personalized services • Opportunity areas in cloud, education, mobile services, open data, internet of things, smartgrid, e-Health…
    4. 4. SFI Investments • €200M to date in CSETs and SRCs that are building the Future Internet • Big PI awards • Many other groups & Institutions • Applications areas that will depend on the Future Internet: smart buildings, Photonic  Systems Group
    5. 5. 115M€ 125M€ 169M€ Total = ~30%, €409M SFI Investment, by Research Area
    6. 6. Core Industry here in Ireland
    7. 7. Why Ireland? • Right ‘ecosystem’: political support, large research investment to date, large industry base here, legal & financial framework • Wireless Innovation: progressive regulator ComReg operates a novel spectrum licensing regime to encourage innovation and development involving new radio technologies or services • Opportunity: Ireland as a test-bed • Smart Communications: Exemplar network is a DCENR initiative to build a €20M national test-bed built on Irish SME Intune Networks technology. Current industry partners using the Exemplar Test-bed include British Telecom, Ericsson, Openet, Amartus, HEAnet, Cybercom, Imagine, ESB Telecom, Sensecom and Digiweb.
    8. 8. Opportunity Areas 8 Medical Technologies Pharmaceutical Synthesis, Drug Formulation/Delivery eHealth, Connected Health, Independent Living Sustainable Smart Cities Marine Energy Conversion & Storage Future Internet Big, Smart Data Digital Content Delivery Digital Europe Nanotech, Photonics Software Engineering, Semantic & Sensor Web, High Performance Computing, Microelectronics & Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, Biotech driven by (particular) KETs
    9. 9. Landscape in Ireland Take telecommunications as an example • The telecommunications industry underpins business in Ireland, particularly the export market • Ebusiness, software development, financial services, renewable energy, cloud computing, data centres, and personalised healthcare all rely on the availability of high quality communication engineering • In Ireland the telecommunications industry has continued to invest in Ireland’s telecoms infrastructure in 2010, spending €4bn on purchasing goods and services in the economy, investing circa €600m every year on capital projects and providing direct employment to over 20,000 people During the current recession both GDP and telecoms revenue have declined, but the contribution of the telecommunications sector to GDP has grown during the last two years, reaching about 2.5% by the second quarter of 2010. [source: IBEC].
    10. 10. Future Directions • Create the roadmap • Build collaborative platform • Focus on Industry-academic collaborations: demonstrate the commercial relevance • Competitive advantage for our researchers and our industry base • Take the lead in the European FP7 Future Internet Programme – build on successes to date in PPP • Continued (prioritised) national investment by SFI • New agile funding opportunities to leverage synergies across research groups (CSETs and SRCs) • Active leadership and global reputation
    11. 11. And finally… 11 After having dug to a depth of 10 feet last year, British scientists found traces of copper wire dating back 200 years and came to the conclusion that their ancestors already had a telephone network more than 150 years ago. Not to be outdone by the British, in the weeks that followed, an American archaeologist dug to a depth of 20 feet, and shortly after, a story published in the New York Times: "American archaeologists, finding traces of 250-year-old copper wire, have concluded that their ancestors already had an advanced high-tech communications network 100 years earlier than the British". One week later, the Irish Department of Agriculture reported the following: "After digging as deep as 30 feet near Ballyhaunis, Co Mayo, Mick O'Connor, a self-taught archaeologist, reported that he found absolutely *!!* all. Mick has therefore concluded that 250 years ago, Ireland had already gone wireless."

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