Alberta Land Stewardship:
Biodiversity Offsets as a Component of Land-use Planning
Vic Adamowicz, Research Director, ALI
R...
Overview
• Alberta Context
• Land Use Framework / Opportunities
• Land Use Challenges
• Boreal, Wetlands / Prairie, Grassl...
Land Use Planning - Governance
• Provincial
• Land Use Framework; Alberta Land Stewardship Act (ALSA)
• Pilots, Market Bas...
International Think Tank on MarketBased Instruments to Preserve, Support
and Enhance Ecological Goods and
Services
Vic Ada...
Institute for Agriculture, Forestry and the Environment
The IAFE’s mandate is to catalyze and coordinate
the development o...
Alberta: Regional Plans
Regional Plans Will:
1. Reflect the vision, principles and outcomes of the Land-use Framework
2. D...
Emerging Partnerships and Experience
• Partnerships
• Industry / NGO Network
• South East Alberta Conservation Offsets Pil...
Pressures
• Boreal
• Cumulative Effects
• Energy, Forestry, Climate Change
• Caribou, Wetlands
• Grasslands
• Cumulative E...
Source: Environment Canada, 2011, Page 5
Woodland Caribou in Alberta

ASRD and ACA 2010

http://environment.gov.ab.ca/i
nfo/library/8042.pdf
Net Present Value Map:
Schneider et al
Conservation Biology
2010
Objectives?
• Biodiversity / “Habitat”
• Disturbance
• Representation
• Linear Features
• Intactness
• Dynamics
• Caribou ...
“White Zone” (Prairie) Issues
• Wetlands Conservation
• Grasslands Conservation
• Human Population Increases
• Land Use Dy...
Biodiversity risks on
agricultural lands, Alberta
Agriculture and Rural
Development
http://www1.agric.gov.ab
.ca/$departme...
Species at Risk in Alberta
http://www1.agric.gov.ab
.ca/$department/deptdo
cs.nsf/all/agdex10337
Qiu et al, 2013.
Qiu et al, 2013.
Wetlands
• History of wetlands loss
– Drainage, urban expansion, land conversion, farming efficiencies

• Prairie Canada (...
Source: Alberta Wetland Policy. 2013, Page 19
DUC: Revolving
Land Purchase
Program

Source: http://www.ducks.ca/what-we-do/your-land/prairie-programs/rlp/
Grassland
• Species at Risk
• Habitat
• Working Landscape
• Agriculture, Energy,
Municipalities
• Property Rights
• South ...
Critique (survey responses, analysis)
• Frameworks
• Landscape objectives versus “project based”
• Regulatory clarity
• Pu...
Conclusions
• Scarcity / Urgency
• Considerable experience and interest
• Governance / regulatory base
• Research support ...
Alberta Land Stewardship: Biodiversity Offsets as a Component of Land-use Planning
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Alberta Land Stewardship: Biodiversity Offsets as a Component of Land-use Planning

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Delivered by Vic Adamowicz, Research Director, Alberta Land Institute and Professor, Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology, University of Alberta

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Alberta Land Stewardship: Biodiversity Offsets as a Component of Land-use Planning

  1. 1. Alberta Land Stewardship: Biodiversity Offsets as a Component of Land-use Planning Vic Adamowicz, Research Director, ALI Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology University of Alberta Thanks to Tom Goddard, Marian Weber and Warren Noga for Comments and Slides
  2. 2. Overview • Alberta Context • Land Use Framework / Opportunities • Land Use Challenges • Boreal, Wetlands / Prairie, Grassland • Programs, Pilots and Initiatives • Reflections on Offsets in the Alberta Context • Scarcity and Ecosystem Services • Summary www.landman.ca/landman_support/land_use/ Map%20handout.pdf
  3. 3. Land Use Planning - Governance • Provincial • Land Use Framework; Alberta Land Stewardship Act (ALSA) • Pilots, Market Based Instruments (offsets) • Institute for Agriculture, Forestry and the Environment (?) • Regional Plans • Cumulative Effects; • Guidance; Triggers / Thresholds; • New Wetlands Policy • “Ratios”; Delivery Agents • Federal • DFO • Environment Canada • SARA • NEB
  4. 4. International Think Tank on MarketBased Instruments to Preserve, Support and Enhance Ecological Goods and Services Vic Adamowicz Department of Rural Economy University of Alberta
  5. 5. Institute for Agriculture, Forestry and the Environment The IAFE’s mandate is to catalyze and coordinate the development of a policy framework that harness market forces to improve environmental performance in the renewable resource sector. It has four strategic mandate areas:  1. 2. 3. 4. Develop a Conservation and Stewardship Strategy Market-Based Approaches for Environmental Stewardship Documenting Environmental Integrity Innovation
  6. 6. Alberta: Regional Plans Regional Plans Will: 1. Reflect the vision, principles and outcomes of the Land-use Framework 2. Define regional outcomes (economic, environmental and social) and a broad plan for land and natural resource use for public and private lands within the region 3. Align provincial strategies and policies at the regional level 4. Consider the input from First Nations and Metis communities, stakeholders, and the public 5. Determine specific trade-offs and appropriate land and natural resource management for specific landscapes within a region 6. Define the cumulative effects management approach for the region and identify targets and thresholds 7. Provide direction and context for local plans within the region 8. Recognize the authority and role of municipalities in local decision-making 9. Be approved by Cabinet, thereby becoming government land-use policies for the regions 10. Will be subject to regular reviews and public reporting: every five years – plan updates and reports on implementation; every ten years: complete plan reviews (Source AB LUF, Pg 26.)
  7. 7. Emerging Partnerships and Experience • Partnerships • Industry / NGO Network • South East Alberta Conservation Offsets Pilot • Research (AI-Family; ALI; etc.) • Monitoring (ABMI, etc.) • Experience • Carbon Offsets • Wetlands • Alberta Conservation Association • South East Alberta Conservation Offset Pilot • Water Trading
  8. 8. Pressures • Boreal • Cumulative Effects • Energy, Forestry, Climate Change • Caribou, Wetlands • Grasslands • Cumulative Effects • Multi-SAR • Energy. Agriculture • Wetlands • Historical trends • Development www.landman.ca/landman_support/land_use/ Map%20handout.pdf
  9. 9. Source: Environment Canada, 2011, Page 5
  10. 10. Woodland Caribou in Alberta ASRD and ACA 2010 http://environment.gov.ab.ca/i nfo/library/8042.pdf
  11. 11. Net Present Value Map: Schneider et al Conservation Biology 2010
  12. 12. Objectives? • Biodiversity / “Habitat” • Disturbance • Representation • Linear Features • Intactness • Dynamics • Caribou Populations • Growth rate (“lambda” and “habitat lambda”) • Density (historical density?) • Strategies (predator control, reclamation, etc.) • Location • Timing • Public Land
  13. 13. “White Zone” (Prairie) Issues • Wetlands Conservation • Grasslands Conservation • Human Population Increases • Land Use Dynamics • Fragmentation and conversion of agricultural land • Energy Development • Potential Irrigation Expansion • Species at Risk Concerns
  14. 14. Biodiversity risks on agricultural lands, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development http://www1.agric.gov.ab .ca/$department/deptdo cs.nsf/all/agdex10342
  15. 15. Species at Risk in Alberta http://www1.agric.gov.ab .ca/$department/deptdo cs.nsf/all/agdex10337
  16. 16. Qiu et al, 2013.
  17. 17. Qiu et al, 2013.
  18. 18. Wetlands • History of wetlands loss – Drainage, urban expansion, land conversion, farming efficiencies • Prairie Canada (1985 – 2001) 5% net wetland area lost • Alberta (1985-2001) 5% net wetland area lost, 7% in mixed grasslands and aspen parkland ecosystems (Watmough and Schmoll, 2007) • Variety of mechanism proposed to retain or restore wetlands – “No Net Loss” and offset programs – Reverse Auctions • New Alberta Wetlands Policy
  19. 19. Source: Alberta Wetland Policy. 2013, Page 19
  20. 20. DUC: Revolving Land Purchase Program Source: http://www.ducks.ca/what-we-do/your-land/prairie-programs/rlp/
  21. 21. Grassland • Species at Risk • Habitat • Working Landscape • Agriculture, Energy, Municipalities • Property Rights • South Saskatchewan Regional Plan • South East Alberta Conservation Offset Pilot
  22. 22. Critique (survey responses, analysis) • Frameworks • Landscape objectives versus “project based” • Regulatory clarity • Public versus private land • Providing market signals for ecosystem services • What’s the service? (caribou?) • Efficiency concerns • • • • Cost effectiveness Transactions costs / learning Multiple services (multiple policies?) Crowding out • Permanence • Challenging in current climate • But possibilities exist (DUC RLP) • Evolution of program • Requirement for formal program evaluation
  23. 23. Conclusions • Scarcity / Urgency • Considerable experience and interest • Governance / regulatory base • Research support / capacity • Willingness to learn / innovate • Key challenges • Regulatory push (private land, public land) • Framework • Recognize need to meet environmental goal, and efficiency goal • Wealth creation? • Recognize evolutionary nature of programs • Learning by doing, program evaluation

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