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BIFM Event: Intelligent Big Data in Building Facilities & Services


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Mark Gifford, Consultancy Development Manager at IES, presented on the application and status of Intelligent Big Data in the fields of building facilities and services at the BIFM Scotland Region half day training event.

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BIFM Event: Intelligent Big Data in Building Facilities & Services

  1. 1. BIFM Event Intelligent Big Data in Building Facilities & Services Mark Gifford, Consultancy Development Manager 20th May 2016
  2. 2. IES Research & Development Building Operation is key focus of IES R&D
  3. 3. An Integrated Approach
  4. 4. BIG DATA in Building Services
  5. 5. Gaps in Performance
  6. 6. BER Regulated Load Carbon Buzz Innovate UK Carbon Trust 57% of BER 280% of BER Up to 400% of BER Building Emissions Rate (BER) vs. actual in-use energy consumption How Big is the Discrepancy? Figures vary but it exists
  7. 7. 25% 25% 25% 25% Regulated Load Unregulated Load Remaining Performance Gap Unregulated load accounts for an average of 25% of overall energy use BER Regulated Load Carbon Buzz Innovate UK Carbon Trust Why the Discrepancy? Goes up to 65% in offices
  8. 8. Bridging the Discrepancy Dynamic Simulation Model + Operational Data Actual Building Gap between predicted and actual performance can be closed to 5-10%
  9. 9. Untapped Data Asset Today increasing volume of Data is available at every stage of the building life cycle
  10. 10. Untapped Operational Data
  11. 11. How much data • Monthly kWh 12 points annually • HH kWh 48 points x 30 days x 12 months = 17,280 points • HH gas, heat… water……. = 50,000 points • Sub-meters, typical new office building might have 50 • …… points increase exponentially = 2.5 million already • Portfolio of buildings…. 100 buildings large client, hundreds of millions of data points • What about BMS? • Typical office building with heating/cooling might have 300 relevant BMS points recording data (5 million for 1 building) • What are we doing with this data?
  12. 12. Digital Built Britain – BIML3 • “The Information Economy Strategy identifies that our most pressing societal challenges manifest themselves in our cities. • Rapid urbanisation is a critical issue in emerging markets, which are demanding cleaner, more sustainable and healthier urban environments, with reliable sources of energy and less congestion. • City leaders around the world are turning to integrated and intelligent smart systems and associated big-data concepts to deliver vital public services”
  13. 13. Digital Built Britain – BIML3 “The ability to measure “in service” performance and compare it to “as briefed” and “as delivered” assets - providing the single biggest opportunity to improve both cost and carbon performance. The ability to bring together through open data standards from design, construction and operations and across market sectors - offering the ability to analyse and create the learning feedback loops that industry needs to be able to deliver sustainable long-term improvements in asset performance.”
  14. 14. BIML3
  15. 15. Digital Built Britain – BIML3 “Recent work in connection with the Government Soft Landings (GSL) initiativehas highlighted that commercial mechanisms are not currently able to facilitate a greater focus on the absolute achievement of performance requirements. The involvement of multiple parties employed on a skill and care basis makes it currently difficult to enforce performance requirements. This is a partial explanation of the widely observed ‘performance gap’ in buildings and is a key driver behind the introduction of GSL.”
  16. 16. Digital Built Britain – BIML3 Snippets from ‘what does the future look like’.. • Data-enabled collaborative working in the design, construction and operation of assets enabling best use of capability in the supply chain to deliver value to customers • Use of data recording asset operation and condition to understand asset performance, define better project briefs and to form the basis of new performance contracting models • Application of remote monitoring, telemetry and control systems to the real time operation of assets and networks
  17. 17. Untapped Operational Data
  18. 18. Using Data
  19. 19. Industry Demand Over 75% of Carbon Trust ESOS audits identified a need for better metering and/or BMS Proportion of Carbon Trust ESOS recommendations relating to metering and/or BMS. 22% 31%24% 23% Metering BMSBoth Neither [Source: Carbon Trust]
  20. 20. Data Overload Increasing Volume, Variety & Velocity of Data • Organise & manage it to reduce risk • Make sense of it to find opportunities • Deliver added value and save ££
  21. 21. More data captured and managed = clearer picture of your building’s performance Using Data to build a complete picture With Analysis, Data is Powerful
  22. 22. John Lewis York, UK
  23. 23. Outstanding Collaboration CIBSE Collaborative Working Partnership Award “John Lewis, York slashed its absolute carbon emissions by a massive 43.8%.” • 4 Year Collaboration: Lateral Technologies, IES & Next Control Systems • Next Generation operational monitoring and energy management • IES-ERGON reads data from BMS and refines it with the design model to highlight performance gaps
  24. 24. Mapping Virtual to Real Data Points Air Temperature Room CO2 Heating Setpoint Lighting Gain Lighting Gain Lighting Gain Lighting kWhGL-1A Beauty TemperatureL6O2S1 Cafe CO2L6O2S1 AHU-1 SA StptL4O8S4 F18C0011 F55F0001 PRTN0003 F1FF0001 F1FF0002 F1FF0003 Total Electricity Lighting kWhGL-1A Small Power kWhGL-2B Catering kWhFL-4C
  25. 25. Commissioning Support – Data Quality Hyperlink to HTML Doc
  26. 26. Commissioning Support – Chiller Operation
  27. 27. Commissioning Support – FCU Operation
  28. 28. Commissioning Support – FCU Operation
  29. 29. Final Thoughts
  30. 30. Implications • Technology is available now • Barriers = commercial politics & lack of skillset • Owners will start demanding buildings which operate closer to design predictions – BIML3 • Operational Data can feed (or re-seed) into Design, Commissioning & Operation [+ Retrofit!]
  31. 31. Mark Gifford