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Water quality and marine litter: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings

This presentation was given at IEEP's capacity building for environmental tax reform conference on 5 October 2017 in Brussels, Belgium. Speaker: Coen Peelen (Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure & Environment)

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plastic ship waste in
Rotterdam and
Amsterdam
Coen Peelen
5 October 2017
Outline
• Background
• Stakeholder involvement
• Incentive on seperated delivery clean plastics
• Impact and effectiveness
• Way forward
2 Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment 5 October 2017
Marine litter
3 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
NL Green Deals:
Shipping Fisheries Beaches
EU
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Ship generated waste and marine litter
• 20% of plastics in seas is from
sea-based sources (UNEP).
• In Northsea this is 40-50%.
• Regulatory framework:
– EU Directive on PRF
(2000/59/EC)
– IMO MARPOL Convention
4 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
0
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
2005200620072008200920102011201220132014
m3
Ship generated waste in NL ports
(m3)
Annex I
Annex IV
Annex V
Totaal
Stakeholder involvement
• Start process:
– 2012: general stakeholder meeting on potential measures for
land based and sea based sources
• Green Deal approach:
– 2013/2014: Exploration of shipping measures with all relevant
maritime stakeholders: Ship suppliers, Ship owners, Port
authorities, Port reception facilities, Enforcement authorities,
NGO’s, Ministry
5 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
What is a green deal?
• A voluntary agreement between parties from different areas of
society and central government with the purpose to work together on
green growth
• The central government assists sustainable initiatives launched by
these parties by eliminating barriers and connecting parties.
• Interactive method of collaboration and using energy of society
• 2011-2017: >200 Green Deals
6 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment

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Water quality and marine litter: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings

  • 1. Free delivery of plastic ship waste in Rotterdam and Amsterdam Coen Peelen 5 October 2017
  • 2. Outline • Background • Stakeholder involvement • Incentive on seperated delivery clean plastics • Impact and effectiveness • Way forward 2 Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment 5 October 2017
  • 3. Marine litter 3 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment NL Green Deals: Shipping Fisheries Beaches EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive
  • 4. Ship generated waste and marine litter • 20% of plastics in seas is from sea-based sources (UNEP). • In Northsea this is 40-50%. • Regulatory framework: – EU Directive on PRF (2000/59/EC) – IMO MARPOL Convention 4 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 2005200620072008200920102011201220132014 m3 Ship generated waste in NL ports (m3) Annex I Annex IV Annex V Totaal
  • 5. Stakeholder involvement • Start process: – 2012: general stakeholder meeting on potential measures for land based and sea based sources • Green Deal approach: – 2013/2014: Exploration of shipping measures with all relevant maritime stakeholders: Ship suppliers, Ship owners, Port authorities, Port reception facilities, Enforcement authorities, NGO’s, Ministry 5 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • 6. What is a green deal? • A voluntary agreement between parties from different areas of society and central government with the purpose to work together on green growth • The central government assists sustainable initiatives launched by these parties by eliminating barriers and connecting parties. • Interactive method of collaboration and using energy of society • 2011-2017: >200 Green Deals 6 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • 7. 7 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment Ship owners Ship suppliers PRF’sPort authorities Enforcement authorities Government NGO GreenDealScheepsafvalketen
  • 8. Green Deal Ship generated waste • Ambition: – Close the loop on SGW by waste prevention and optimization of PRF delivery – Close the loop on plastic SGW further on land by collecting plastic SGW separately so that it is more suitable for recycling • Measures: – Prevention – Enforcement – Plastic waste separation – Harmonisation 8 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • 9. Waste fee incentive in Rotterdam and Amsterdam • Every ship pays a waste fee to the port authority • And receives a ‘right to deliver’ for 6 m3 of garbage in return (2016) • Additional payment if garbage exceeds 6 m3, but not for plastic • Plastic has to be clean. No contamination with: – food waste – oily/chemical waste 9 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • 10. Plastic delivery Amsterdam and Rotterdam 2016 10 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment 91% 1.4% 57% 2.6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ships delivering plastic ships delivering clean plastic Amsterdam Rotterdam
  • 11. Limited Impact • Incentive is part of a wider policy mix • Recycling of plastic waste is hampered: • Legal obstacles -> Animal by-products Regulation (food waste) • Economically not very lucrative at the moment /low oil price • Ship crew not familiar with separation clean plastic 11 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • 12. Way forward • More communication and awareness on separation clean plastic • Also focus on segregation other waste categories • International Green Deal? – 2 November international workshop for front runner ships and ports – Focus on garbage separation and prevention – Objective: improve inteface between ship and PRF 12 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • 13. Conclusions • Green Deal process: – Positive and constructive collaboration of all stakeholders – Using creativity and energy of stakeholders • Financial incentive: – Limited impact by itself, part of broader policy mix • International Green Deal: – Crucial that more PRF’s worldwide facilitate ships that separate waste on board – Again stakeholder involvement is the core of the Green Deal 13 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • 14. Thank you for your attention! 14 5 October 2017Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment

Editor's Notes

  1. Marine litter is one of the indicators of the MSFD
  2. In order to reach a good environmantal status Brainstorm sessions generated a lot of potential measures. In the next phase, the more feasible measures were explored in more detail with sector parties. We didn’t realize it at the start of the process, but we found out that we were working very much in line with the green deal approach. Factsheets were filled in and assessed according to two leading principles: effectiveness and support
  3. This method is clearly different to that of other instruments that the government offers (subsidies, regulations).   The first Green Deals were concluded in 2011, mostly based around the theme of energy.
  4. Central role for the ship: How can SGW on a ship be avoided or minimised? How can ships that separate waste streams be facilitated and rewarded? How can targeting ships for waste inspection be more risk based? How can procedures in ports be more harmonised and transparant for ships? All parties investigated how they could contribute to the answers of these questions.