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Case study: Poland: Waste water taxation to address urban and industry discharges

This presentation was given at IEEP's capacity building for environmental tax reform conference on 5 October 2017 in Brussels, Belgium.

Speaker: Kamila Paquel (IEEP)

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Case study: Poland: Waste water taxation to address urban and industry discharges

  1. 1. Add your own background picture: • Do not change the IEEP logo or the website/Twitter details to the right! • Insert + Pictures • The picture should snap automatically to the background placeholder • Check Slide Show view to double-check Wastewater fee POLAND Kamila Paquel, 5th October, Brussels
  2. 2. @IEEP_eu OVERVIEW • Background • Design • Revenue collection and use • Impacts • Stakeholder engagement • Recent reforms • Replicability • Summary
  3. 3. @IEEP_eu Changes in Poland since the 1990s and remaining challenges Background
  4. 4. @IEEP_eu Unitary fees with selective coverage and low rates Design
  5. 5. @IEEP_eu Unitary fee rates for pollutants introduced in treated sewage disposed to water or soil (2017) Unitary fee PLN/kg Biochemical oxygen demand (5-day) 4.28 Organic matter as Chemical oxygen demand 1.71 Suspended solids 0.52 Sum of chlorides and sulphates 0.05 Volatile fenols 45.55 HCH, CCl4, PCP, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, izodrin, HCB, HCBD, CHCl3, EDC, TRI, PER, TCB, Hg, Cd, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb, As, V, Ag (heavy metals) 124.56 Source: Ministry of Environment decree of 29 June 2016, annex 2 Design
  6. 6. @IEEP_eu Most welcome earmarking weakened by poor enforcement Revenue collection and use
  7. 7. @IEEP_eu Positive environmental trends triggered not only by the fee Impacts
  8. 8. @IEEP_eu Organic substances fee rates and outflow through rivers to the Baltic Sea Max unitary fee (PLN/kg BOD5) Outflow of organic substance (1000t BOD/year) Impacts
  9. 9. @IEEP_eu Poor stakeholder engagement… with a few exceptions Stakeholder engagement
  10. 10. @IEEP_eu Potentially sweeping changes to come Reforms
  11. 11. @IEEP_eu Limited potential for replicability, country-wide redistribution as a good practice Replicability
  12. 12. @IEEP_eu Broadly effective fee with many loopholes and inefficient enforcement Summary
  13. 13. @IEEP_eu Thank you