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UNIDO: Circular Economy and Sustainable Industrialization Pathways in the Developing World


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UNIDO presentation European Economic and Social Committee.

By: Christophe Yvetot, Representative of UNIDO to the European Union

Published in: Environment
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UNIDO: Circular Economy and Sustainable Industrialization Pathways in the Developing World

  1. 1. Circular Economy and Sustainable Industrialization Pathways in the Developing World European Economic and Social Committee Brussels, 21 November 2017 Christophe Yvetot Representative of UNIDO to the European Union
  2. 2. 2 2500 PERSONNEL
  3. 3. 3 Agenda 2030
  4. 4. 4 Advancing environmentally sustainable growth, greening industries through cleaner production technologies and resource efficiency methodologies Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development Advancing poverty eradication and inclusiveness, building productive capacities, providing more opportunities for all women and men across social groups Advancing economic and industrial growth, building trade capacities, ensuring that all countries can benefit from international trade and technological progress, applying modern industrial policies and complying with global standards
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6 Creating value and prosperity
  7. 7. 7 Circular economy in UNIDO’s activity Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production Industrial Symbiosis Eco-Industrial Parks Compliance with Multilateral Environment Agreements
  8. 8. Global Network for Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECPnet) 8 74 members • Centres of expertise working with industry to scale up and mainstream RECP • Powerful South-South network: knowledge, experience, technology transfer • Over 70 members in more than 60 countries - Innovation and knowledge sharing - Institutional capacity building - Awareness-raising and advocacy - Quality assurance and branding - Investments - Technology Transfer
  9. 9. 9 Scaling – up Resource Efficiency • SWITCH Med (UNIDO, UNEP, SCP/RAC) • Demonstration component run by UNIDO to reduce barriers to SCP implementation • Based on UNIDO TEST approach which annually saved USD 17m, 10m m3 of water, 263 GWh at 43 manufacturing sites in the Mediterranean • EaP GREEN (UNIDO, UNEP, OECD) • SCP demonstration projects implemented by UNIDO • 70+ professionals trained, RECP audit of 35 SMEs • RECP Programme (UNIDO, UNEP) • Optimized production, reduced waste and emissions and mitigated risks to workers, communities, consumers at 1,000’s of enterprises globally • Global network of over 70 RECP service providers (RECPnet) in operation • Looking ahead… • Scaling up RECP solutions by working through global supply chains • Targeting of business/industrial associations, chambers of commerce
  10. 10. 10 MED Test Achievements
  11. 11. 11 Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production • Cradle-to-Cradle approach – China • Replicable chemicals management methodology based on eco-effectiveness • Systematic elimination of hazardous substances from total lifecycles of products and industrial production systems • Uptake and replication of eco-effectiveness as a strategy for chemical management in China and elsewhere in the world • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector Upgrade • Enabling countries to adopt new, climate-friendly alternatives • Development and introduction of climate-friendly products - Product and production upgraded in > 1000 production sites - ~ 340 million tons of CO2-eq reduced (since 1994) • Large-scale technician training (> 100,000 since 1995) for high-quality repairs and product lifetime extension • Customer awareness, legislative support
  12. 12. 12 Resource Efficiency: Chemical Leasing Chemical Leasing is a service-oriented business model that shifts the focus from increasing sales volume of chemicals towards a value-added approach. The producer mainly sells the functions performed by the chemical and functional units are the main basis for payment. Within Chemical Leasing business models the responsibility of the producer and service provider is extended and may include management of the entire life cycle. Chemical Leasing strives for a win-win situation. It aims at increasing the efficient use of chemicals while reducing the risks of chemicals and protecting human health. It improves the economic and environmental performance of participating companies and enhances their access to new markets. Key elements of successful Chemical Leasing business models are proper benefit sharing, high quality standards and mutual trust between participating companies.
  13. 13. 13 Developing Recycling Industries • Establishment of sustainable business models centered on e-waste dismantling facilities (Ethiopia, Uganda, UR Tanzania): • Policy / legislation development, awareness raising, capacity building • Design of collection / processing schemes, financing arrangements • Connection to national, regional, global downstream markets • Impact / Outlook: • Employment created through development of refurbishment/processing industry • Economically-sound management of problematic waste • ICT equipment made affordable to local SMEs/MSMEs • Scaling up on regional level in Latin America: • USD 9.5 million GEF-funded project, 13 client countries • USD 35 million mobilized as co-financing • Strengthening regional e-waste management capacities and infrastructure
  14. 14. 14 Industrial Symbiosis –Tianjin Binhai New Area • 800 SMEs within the TBNA area, including manufacturing enterprises, recyclers, and technology and services providers. • 99 synergies, e.g.: • Sludge -> Organic fertilizers, foaming agents, microbiological protein products • Desulfurized Gypsum; coal ash powder -> building materials • Alumina red mud -> aluminum ingots • Waste water / paper -> recycled water/paper • Impact (over 4 years): • Cost savings ~ M 9.5 € • Revenue increase ~ M 14.6 € • CO2 reduction ~167 000 tonnes • Landfill diversion ~1 430 000 tonnes • 41 SMEs obtained ISO14001 training
  15. 15. 15 Resource -Efficient Eco-Industrial Parks
  16. 16. 16 Eco-Industrial Park Development • SWITCH Asia • Industrial symbiosis w/99 synergies implemented in industrial zone in China = €9.5m savings, €14.6m revenue increase, 167k CO2 reduced, 1.4m t landfill diverted • EIP Pilot Programmes • China, India, Indonesia, Peru, (Thailand), Viet Nam informed by global assessment of EIPs in 12 developing / transition economies • Looking Ahead… • Establishment of common framework for EIP development • EIP development in Africa (Egypt, Ethiopia, Morocco, South Africa Senegal)
  17. 17. 17 • Montreal Protocol UNIDO Climate impact - CFC/HCFC/HFC emission reduction: >340 million t CO2 eq./a • Stockholm Convention • Quantity eliminated/discontinued: • 5887.52 tonnes of PCB, Pesticides, DDT • 98270 mg of UPOPs • Quantity safeguarded: • 6418.3 tonnes of PCB, Pesticides, DDT • 11864 mg of UPOPs • 184286 tonnes of CO2 pollution prevented • Minamata Convention Compliance with Multilateral Agreements
  18. 18. 18 Thank you for your attention Christophe Yvetot –