SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Thematic session: Waste, resources & circular economy

This presentation was given at IEEP's capacity building for environmental tax reform conference on 5 October 2017 in Brussels, Belgium. Speaker: Sarah Ettlinger

1 of 9
Download to read offline
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
Thematic session: Waste,
resources and circular economy
Sarah Ettlinger (Eunomia Research & Consulting)
5 October 2017, Committee of the Regions,
Rue Belliard 99/101, Brussels
Final conference: Capacity building for environmental
tax reform
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
• Improving resource efficiency and creating a circular economy
– not just about managing waste
• And, sustainable use of raw materials
Waste, resources & circular economy:
issues & challenges
6.7bn tonnes
(EU, 2015)
2.5
bn tonnes
(EU, 2012)
Total material
consumption
Total waste
generation
37%
recycled
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
Waste, resources & circular economy:
instruments used
• Waste taxes:
‒ Landfill tax and ban
‒ Incineration tax.
• Pay-as-you-throw (PAYT)
• Product-specific:
‒ Packaging tax
‒ Product fee
‒ Deposit refund scheme
‒ Plastic bag levy
• Mineral aggregates taxes
• Natural resource taxes and
charges
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
Waste, resources & circular economy:
instruments used
Case studies:
Instrument type Member State(s)
Packaging tax or charge Belgium, Latvia, Romania, Finland
Landfill tax Austria (incl. ban), Greece, UK
Pay-as-you-throw scheme Benelux
Deposit refund scheme Finland
Plastic bag levy Ireland
Products tax (with PRO) Lithuania
Natural resource extraction tax UK, Estonia, Finland (peat)
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
Waste, resources & circular economy:
revenues, effectiveness & efficiency
• Revenue use – environment funds:
‒ Mostly for related and specific environmental problem
‒ May help to soften public opinion, but rarely the reason a tax becomes
politically acceptable.
‒ Examples: UK landfill tax, Romanian packaging charge, Irish plastic
bags levy, Austrian landfill tax
• Rarely explicit tax shift, though this can help argument for
decision-makers in finance ministries
‒ Example: UK landfill tax
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
Waste, resources & circular economy:
revenues, effectiveness & efficiency
0
25
50
75
100
125
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
2000=100
LevyRate(£/tonnes)
Years
Aggregates Levy and Intensity of Use of Primary Aggregates
Aggregates Levy Rate
Primary aggregates use per unit of Construction Output
Primary aggregates use per unit of GDP

More Related Content

What's hot

Organizational and management aspects in extended storage
Organizational and management aspects in extended storageOrganizational and management aspects in extended storage
Organizational and management aspects in extended storageOeko-Institut
 
Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...
Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...
Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
 
Implementation of BAT approach
Implementation of BAT approachImplementation of BAT approach
Implementation of BAT approachOECD Environment
 
Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...
Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...
Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
 
Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...
Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...
Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
 
Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...
Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...
Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
 
2 item3 sme greening policies _ec
2 item3 sme greening policies _ec2 item3 sme greening policies _ec
2 item3 sme greening policies _ecOECD Environment
 
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland
 
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland
 
Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...
Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...
Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...RWM Brasil
 
POLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John Fischer
POLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John FischerPOLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John Fischer
POLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John FischerMassRecycleR32014
 
Greening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, Finland
Greening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, FinlandGreening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, Finland
Greening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, FinlandOECD Governance
 

What's hot (20)

Organizational and management aspects in extended storage
Organizational and management aspects in extended storageOrganizational and management aspects in extended storage
Organizational and management aspects in extended storage
 
Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...
Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...
Arthur Ten Wolde - Ecopreneur - More prosperity, new jobs: A business perspec...
 
Role Flemish land agency implement innovative techniques for growing media
Role Flemish land agency implement innovative techniques for growing mediaRole Flemish land agency implement innovative techniques for growing media
Role Flemish land agency implement innovative techniques for growing media
 
EU Agriculture & the net-zero challenge
EU Agriculture & the net-zero challengeEU Agriculture & the net-zero challenge
EU Agriculture & the net-zero challenge
 
UNIDO: Circular Economy and Sustainable Industrialization Pathways in the Dev...
UNIDO: Circular Economy and Sustainable Industrialization Pathways in the Dev...UNIDO: Circular Economy and Sustainable Industrialization Pathways in the Dev...
UNIDO: Circular Economy and Sustainable Industrialization Pathways in the Dev...
 
LULUCF actions in EU Member States
LULUCF actions in EU Member States LULUCF actions in EU Member States
LULUCF actions in EU Member States
 
Implementation of BAT approach
Implementation of BAT approachImplementation of BAT approach
Implementation of BAT approach
 
Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...
Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...
Nicolas De Vega - EBA - Producing renewable energy and organic fertilisers in...
 
Framework, bottlenecks and solution routes
Framework, bottlenecks and solution routesFramework, bottlenecks and solution routes
Framework, bottlenecks and solution routes
 
Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...
Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...
Stefanie Siebert - ECN - Policies and tools for the bio-nutrient circular eco...
 
Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...
Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...
Katarina Svatikova - Trinomics - Policies and tools for the bio - nutrient ci...
 
2 item3 sme greening policies _ec
2 item3 sme greening policies _ec2 item3 sme greening policies _ec
2 item3 sme greening policies _ec
 
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: BiodivERsA – cooperation and shared strategies for bi...
 
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...
EPA H2020 SC5 Info Day: Biodiversity & Nature Based Solutions - Liam McCarton...
 
A value-chain approach - Forest-based Sector Technology Platform FTP
A value-chain approach - Forest-based Sector Technology Platform FTPA value-chain approach - Forest-based Sector Technology Platform FTP
A value-chain approach - Forest-based Sector Technology Platform FTP
 
Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...
Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...
Dia 2: Passos para implementar um sistema avançado de gestão integrada de res...
 
POLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John Fischer
POLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John FischerPOLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John Fischer
POLICY2 Organics Waste Ban Action Plan, John Fischer
 
Amazing forest-based innovations: from toothpicks to paper electronics
Amazing forest-based innovations: from toothpicks to paper electronicsAmazing forest-based innovations: from toothpicks to paper electronics
Amazing forest-based innovations: from toothpicks to paper electronics
 
Greening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, Finland
Greening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, FinlandGreening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, Finland
Greening of public revenue raising - Outi Honkatukia, Finland
 
Waste Prevention Programmes in the EU - Overview
Waste Prevention Programmes in the EU - OverviewWaste Prevention Programmes in the EU - Overview
Waste Prevention Programmes in the EU - Overview
 

Similar to Thematic session: Waste, resources & circular economy

EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...OECD Environment
 
Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019
Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019
Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019OECD Environment
 
Swru022008 Mil Tek Neil Holland
Swru022008 Mil Tek Neil HollandSwru022008 Mil Tek Neil Holland
Swru022008 Mil Tek Neil Hollandnationalrural
 
Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...
Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...
Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...GreenAllianceUK
 
European market outlook by Ecosystem Marketplace
European market outlook by Ecosystem MarketplaceEuropean market outlook by Ecosystem Marketplace
European market outlook by Ecosystem MarketplaceEtifor srl
 
Aldo-Ravazzi-15.5.ppt
Aldo-Ravazzi-15.5.pptAldo-Ravazzi-15.5.ppt
Aldo-Ravazzi-15.5.pptThePostivist
 
Presentation mrs. andrea junemann chile
Presentation mrs. andrea junemann chilePresentation mrs. andrea junemann chile
Presentation mrs. andrea junemann chileAmusa CL
 
Peter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdf
Peter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdfPeter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdf
Peter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdfOECD Environment
 
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...OECD Environment
 
Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]
Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]
Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]OECD Environment
 
Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019
Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019
Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019Circular Economy Asia
 
Latest developments in European SCP policies
Latest developments in European SCP policiesLatest developments in European SCP policies
Latest developments in European SCP policiesCSCP
 
Developments in Dutch Waste Management Oneia
Developments in Dutch Waste Management OneiaDevelopments in Dutch Waste Management Oneia
Developments in Dutch Waste Management OneiaONEIA
 
Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable city
Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable cityGoteborg - A fast growing sustainable city
Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable cityMilano Recycle City
 
Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch
Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch
Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch Invest Northern Ireland
 
Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...
Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...
Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...Sitra / Ekologinen kestävyys
 

Similar to Thematic session: Waste, resources & circular economy (20)

EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
EaP GREEN: Experience of the implementation of EU Directives based on EPR pri...
 
Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019
Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019
Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019
 
Swru022008 Mil Tek Neil Holland
Swru022008 Mil Tek Neil HollandSwru022008 Mil Tek Neil Holland
Swru022008 Mil Tek Neil Holland
 
Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...
Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...
Opening up new circular economy trade opportunities: Options for collaboratio...
 
European market outlook by Ecosystem Marketplace
European market outlook by Ecosystem MarketplaceEuropean market outlook by Ecosystem Marketplace
European market outlook by Ecosystem Marketplace
 
Aldo-Ravazzi-15.5.ppt
Aldo-Ravazzi-15.5.pptAldo-Ravazzi-15.5.ppt
Aldo-Ravazzi-15.5.ppt
 
PtB of IEEP at green growth and competitiveness 29 november 2016 final
PtB of IEEP at green growth and competitiveness 29 november 2016 finalPtB of IEEP at green growth and competitiveness 29 november 2016 final
PtB of IEEP at green growth and competitiveness 29 november 2016 final
 
Biodiversity & land use: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings
Biodiversity & land use: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings Biodiversity & land use: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings
Biodiversity & land use: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings
 
Presentation mrs. andrea junemann chile
Presentation mrs. andrea junemann chilePresentation mrs. andrea junemann chile
Presentation mrs. andrea junemann chile
 
Anne christine ritschkoff: Tervetulosanat ja johdatus WoodCircus-projektiin
Anne christine ritschkoff: Tervetulosanat ja johdatus WoodCircus-projektiinAnne christine ritschkoff: Tervetulosanat ja johdatus WoodCircus-projektiin
Anne christine ritschkoff: Tervetulosanat ja johdatus WoodCircus-projektiin
 
Peter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdf
Peter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdfPeter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdf
Peter_first session_Chile CE policy instruments.pdf
 
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
Symposium case 2 j. quoden (EXPRA), experience from packaging recovery organi...
 
Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]
Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]
Item 7e. unido tyrkko oct2018 [autosaved]
 
Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019
Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019
Circular Economy EU Plan 2016 ~ 2019
 
Latest developments in European SCP policies
Latest developments in European SCP policiesLatest developments in European SCP policies
Latest developments in European SCP policies
 
Developments in Dutch Waste Management Oneia
Developments in Dutch Waste Management OneiaDevelopments in Dutch Waste Management Oneia
Developments in Dutch Waste Management Oneia
 
Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable city
Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable cityGoteborg - A fast growing sustainable city
Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable city
 
Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch
Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch
Innovate UK Future Worlds Event - Material World – Ewa Bloch
 
B08 B34c 14 Diapo Bonard En
B08 B34c 14 Diapo Bonard EnB08 B34c 14 Diapo Bonard En
B08 B34c 14 Diapo Bonard En
 
Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...
Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...
Peter Laybourn 11.10.2013: Connecting industry, creating opportunity through ...
 

More from Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP)

More from Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) (20)

Nature restoration and food production_Birdelife seminar
Nature restoration and food production_Birdelife seminarNature restoration and food production_Birdelife seminar
Nature restoration and food production_Birdelife seminar
 
Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget - making the system more t...
Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget - making the system more t...Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget - making the system more t...
Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget - making the system more t...
 
Making trade work for EU climate policy: Carbon border adjustment or product ...
Making trade work for EU climate policy: Carbon border adjustment or product ...Making trade work for EU climate policy: Carbon border adjustment or product ...
Making trade work for EU climate policy: Carbon border adjustment or product ...
 
Delivering the Green Deal: Role of a reformed European Semester within a new ...
Delivering the Green Deal: Role of a reformed European Semester within a new ...Delivering the Green Deal: Role of a reformed European Semester within a new ...
Delivering the Green Deal: Role of a reformed European Semester within a new ...
 
First analysis of the European Green Deal
First analysis of the European Green DealFirst analysis of the European Green Deal
First analysis of the European Green Deal
 
Allen b circular bioeconomy - oecd-3_apr19
Allen b circular bioeconomy - oecd-3_apr19Allen b circular bioeconomy - oecd-3_apr19
Allen b circular bioeconomy - oecd-3_apr19
 
Valuing biodiveristy and reversing its decline by 2030
Valuing biodiveristy and reversing its decline by 2030Valuing biodiveristy and reversing its decline by 2030
Valuing biodiveristy and reversing its decline by 2030
 
Environmental dimensions of security - Johanna Nyman
Environmental dimensions of security - Johanna NymanEnvironmental dimensions of security - Johanna Nyman
Environmental dimensions of security - Johanna Nyman
 
What is the safe operating space for eu livestock - Allan Buckwell
What is the safe operating space for eu livestock - Allan BuckwellWhat is the safe operating space for eu livestock - Allan Buckwell
What is the safe operating space for eu livestock - Allan Buckwell
 
Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ire...
Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ire...Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ire...
Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ire...
 
Case study: The Stake-Pay-Say principle in the Netherlands
Case study: The Stake-Pay-Say principle in the NetherlandsCase study: The Stake-Pay-Say principle in the Netherlands
Case study: The Stake-Pay-Say principle in the Netherlands
 
Water stress and availability: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings
Water stress and availability: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findingsWater stress and availability: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings
Water stress and availability: Policy issues, relevance of MBIs, key findings
 
Case study: Poland: Waste water taxation to address urban and industry discha...
Case study: Poland: Waste water taxation to address urban and industry discha...Case study: Poland: Waste water taxation to address urban and industry discha...
Case study: Poland: Waste water taxation to address urban and industry discha...
 
Health and Social Benefits of Nature and Biodiversity Protection
Health and Social Benefits of Nature and Biodiversity ProtectionHealth and Social Benefits of Nature and Biodiversity Protection
Health and Social Benefits of Nature and Biodiversity Protection
 
HNV and results-based payment schemes
HNV and results-based payment schemesHNV and results-based payment schemes
HNV and results-based payment schemes
 
Input tracking in the EU budget across instruments
Input tracking in the EU budget across instrumentsInput tracking in the EU budget across instruments
Input tracking in the EU budget across instruments
 
Analysis of existing approaches and processes of mainstreaming in EU programmes
Analysis of existing approaches and processes of mainstreaming in EU programmesAnalysis of existing approaches and processes of mainstreaming in EU programmes
Analysis of existing approaches and processes of mainstreaming in EU programmes
 
The consequences of climate change for EU agriculture
The consequences of climate change for EU agricultureThe consequences of climate change for EU agriculture
The consequences of climate change for EU agriculture
 
The 2030 Agenda and Societal Change
The 2030 Agenda and Societal ChangeThe 2030 Agenda and Societal Change
The 2030 Agenda and Societal Change
 
Natura 2000 and Jobs: Scoping Study Key Results
Natura 2000 and Jobs: Scoping Study Key ResultsNatura 2000 and Jobs: Scoping Study Key Results
Natura 2000 and Jobs: Scoping Study Key Results
 

Recently uploaded

Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planetTrees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planetCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah GoldenScope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah GoldenGreenBiz Group
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfadmin944664
 
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesPartnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesGreenBiz Group
 
2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsx
2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsx2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsx
2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsxEllen Book
 
Blue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementation
Blue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementationBlue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementation
Blue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementationCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...GreenBiz Group
 
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesGFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesMark Dickey-Collas
 
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptxNational Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptxNeeraj Kumar Rai
 
Scope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdf
Scope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdfScope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdf
Scope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdfGreenBiz Group
 
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...GreenBiz Group
 
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPTTypes of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPTrakesh64416
 
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi globalKebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi globalCIFOR-ICRAF
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planetTrees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
 
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah GoldenScope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
 
Indigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is important
Indigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is importantIndigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is important
Indigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is important
 
Smiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual Meeting
Smiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual MeetingSmiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual Meeting
Smiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual Meeting
 
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best PracticeCOSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
 
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesPartnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
 
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from SudanClimate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
 
2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsx
2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsx2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsx
2024-02-24 Composting at Home 101 without voucher for slideshare test 1.ppsx
 
Blue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementation
Blue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementationBlue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementation
Blue Carbon Dialogue: From science-based policy to implementation
 
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
 
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesGFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
 
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptxNational Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
 
Scope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdf
Scope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdfScope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdf
Scope 3 Bootcamp S3 history - Marty Spitzer.pdf
 
Conservation Delivery in Pacific Island Communities
Conservation Delivery in Pacific Island CommunitiesConservation Delivery in Pacific Island Communities
Conservation Delivery in Pacific Island Communities
 
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
 
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
 
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPTTypes of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
 
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
 
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi globalKebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
 

Thematic session: Waste, resources & circular economy

  • 1. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Thematic session: Waste, resources and circular economy Sarah Ettlinger (Eunomia Research & Consulting) 5 October 2017, Committee of the Regions, Rue Belliard 99/101, Brussels Final conference: Capacity building for environmental tax reform
  • 2. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu • Improving resource efficiency and creating a circular economy – not just about managing waste • And, sustainable use of raw materials Waste, resources & circular economy: issues & challenges 6.7bn tonnes (EU, 2015) 2.5 bn tonnes (EU, 2012) Total material consumption Total waste generation 37% recycled
  • 3. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Waste, resources & circular economy: instruments used • Waste taxes: ‒ Landfill tax and ban ‒ Incineration tax. • Pay-as-you-throw (PAYT) • Product-specific: ‒ Packaging tax ‒ Product fee ‒ Deposit refund scheme ‒ Plastic bag levy • Mineral aggregates taxes • Natural resource taxes and charges
  • 4. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Waste, resources & circular economy: instruments used Case studies: Instrument type Member State(s) Packaging tax or charge Belgium, Latvia, Romania, Finland Landfill tax Austria (incl. ban), Greece, UK Pay-as-you-throw scheme Benelux Deposit refund scheme Finland Plastic bag levy Ireland Products tax (with PRO) Lithuania Natural resource extraction tax UK, Estonia, Finland (peat)
  • 5. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Waste, resources & circular economy: revenues, effectiveness & efficiency • Revenue use – environment funds: ‒ Mostly for related and specific environmental problem ‒ May help to soften public opinion, but rarely the reason a tax becomes politically acceptable. ‒ Examples: UK landfill tax, Romanian packaging charge, Irish plastic bags levy, Austrian landfill tax • Rarely explicit tax shift, though this can help argument for decision-makers in finance ministries ‒ Example: UK landfill tax
  • 6. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Waste, resources & circular economy: revenues, effectiveness & efficiency 0 25 50 75 100 125 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 2000=100 LevyRate(£/tonnes) Years Aggregates Levy and Intensity of Use of Primary Aggregates Aggregates Levy Rate Primary aggregates use per unit of Construction Output Primary aggregates use per unit of GDP
  • 7. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Waste, resources & circular economy: stakeholder & civil society engagement
  • 8. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Waste, resources & circular economy: the way forward • Key arguments & discussion points for political acceptability: ‒ Link to specific environmental goals (national or local); not likely to be revenue raising ‒ Effective instrument  Fair, with opportunity to develop sustainable alternative behaviour  Policy mix and package of measures to nudge towards behaviour  Revenue use – for public support, leads to desired behaviour • Civil society: ‒ Seek and create opportunities to contribute:  Campaign on environmental issue, set up stakeholder discussion groups, respond to public consultation, evaluate and analyse impacts ‒ Engage as early as possible
  • 9. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Case study presentations • Case study 1: Finnish deposit refund system – Pasi Nurminen (PALPA) • Case study 2: Belgian pay-as-you-throw (PAYT) schemes – John Wante (OVAM)

Editor's Notes

  1. Total material consumption 13 tonnes per person, EU 2015. In 2012, total waste generation in the EU was over 2.5 billion tonnes , representing almost 37% of material consumption. Around 213 million tonnes of waste was generated by households .
  2. Revenue use only relevant for taxes and levies. Rarely introduced as revenue raising. Only landfill taxes have significant potential to raise revenue. Natural resource taxes to a lesser extent. Others are very minor only.
  3. Lots of environmental benefits, though often hard to attribute exactly to tax/charge. UK landfill: 50 mtpa (01/02) to 12 mtpa (15/16) AT landfill and ban: from 60% to less than 10% landfilling PALPA: 59 -> 90% rr on cans, 1996-2009. Irish plastic bag levy: 5% in litter (2001) to 0.13% in 2015. Others unclear, due to other activities or step changes in impact that don’t reflect rate changes: BE Packaging and environmental charges, RO packaging charge. UK Aggs levy and landfill tax – likely both responsible for the reduction in chart.
  4. Engagement throughout policy cycle. Few highlighted examples of successful engagement that has impacted implementation of instrument or alternative behaviour. Overall messages on engagement: Public institutions/NGO support -> information to public -> public’s support. Key for instruments targeting public behaviour change, e.g. PAYT, DRS, plastic bag levy. Stakeholder discussions, organised by govt -> business and LA support of instruments -> more likely desired behaviour change for businesses, e.g. AT landfill tax Direct lobbying – rarely key to introduction Early engagement, more likely to lead to involvement throughout rest of policy cycle, e.g. M&E.