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AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 of the Hydrogen TCP:
a Task dedicated to the stu...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME 2
International Energy Agency and
the Hydrogen Implement...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Power-to-Hydrogen and Hydrogen-to-X:
3
The “Power-to-hyd...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
“Hydrogen-to-X” implies that the
hydrogen supply concern...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
• To provide a comprehensive understanding of the variou...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 partners
6
Today:
Over 55 participants from 35 o...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Four years / two phases
7
1/
• General survey of existin...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Latest Results: Definitions
• Main definitions o...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Latest Results: Electrolyzer data
• Recent and r...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Latest Results: Services to the grid
• Ancillary...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Latest Results: Demonstrations
• Over 150 demons...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Latest Results: Techno-economic studies
and busi...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Latest Results: Existing regulatory and legal
fr...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Latest Results: Modelling of energy systems
incl...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Ongoing work: Case studies
15
- 5 case studies w...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 Ongoing work: a subsequent Task on data
and mode...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
The issue of data
The data is core issue. Acquiring, pro...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
Task 38 of the Hydrogen technology collaboration program...
AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME 19
Contact:
task38@cleanhorizon.com
paul.lucchese@cea.fr...
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Task 38 of the Hydrogen TCP: a Task dedicated to the study of P2X pathways

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Task 38 of the Hydrogen TCP: a Task dedicated to the study of P2X pathways

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Task 38 of the Hydrogen TCP: a Task dedicated to the study of P2X pathways

  1. 1. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 of the Hydrogen TCP: a Task dedicated to the study of P2X pathways Paul Lucchese, Christine Mansilla - CEA ETSAP workshop, June 18 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden
  2. 2. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME 2 International Energy Agency and the Hydrogen Implementing Agreement (the Hydrogen Technology Collaboration Program (TCP)) Task 38: Power-to-Hydrogen and Hydrogen-to-X: System analysis of the techno-economic, legal and regulatory conditions Time Frame: 2016 - 2019 Power-to-Hydrogen and Hydrogen-to-X:
  3. 3. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Power-to-Hydrogen and Hydrogen-to-X: 3 The “Power-to-hydrogen” concept means that hydrogen is produced via electrolysis supplied with low- carbon (and/or low-cost electricity Electricity supply can be either: • On-Grid • Off-grid • Hybrid systems With particular attention devoted to: • Provision of services to the grid • Characterization of hydrogen relevance for energy storage
  4. 4. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME “Hydrogen-to-X” implies that the hydrogen supply concerns a large portfolio of applications: • Transport (hydrogen for fuel cells, biofuels, synthetic methane for transport, etc.) • Natural gas grid (mixing H2 directly with natural gas or synthetizing CH4 and injecting into the natural gas grid) • Re-electrification through hydrogen turbines or fuel cells • General business of merchant hydrogen for energy or industry, especially refinery, steel industry, ammonia, etc. • Various ancillary services and balancing to the electric power grid 4 Power-to-Hydrogen and Hydrogen-to-X:
  5. 5. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME • To provide a comprehensive understanding of the various technical and economic pathways for power-to-hydrogen applications in diverse situations • To provide a comprehensive assessment of existing legal frameworks • To provide business developers and policy makers with general guidelines and recommendations that enhance hydrogen system deployment in energy markets The overarching objective will be to develop hydrogen visibility as a key energy carrier / chemical intermediate for a sustainable and smart energy system, within a 2 or 3 horizon time frame: e.g. 2020, 2030 and 2050. 5 Objectives of IEA HIA Task 38 Hydrogen Technology Collaboration Program (TCP)
  6. 6. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 partners 6 Today: Over 55 participants from 35 organizations are involved in the Task, representing 15 countries Tomorrow: Different actions are in progress to further widen the geographical scope of the partners, with a special focus on Asia and emerging countries Contacts with China, South Korea, India Special thanks to ADEME for supporting and financing the coordination of Task 38
  7. 7. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Four years / two phases 7 1/ • General survey of existing studies on techno- economic and business cases, existing legal frameworks and macro-economic impacts, including demo/deployment projects 2/ • Detailed specific case studies, based on detailed targets defined during the first phase, together with elaboration of legal and regulatory conditions, policy measures, and general guidelines for business developers and policy makers as well as public and private financial mechanisms and actors
  8. 8. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Latest Results: Definitions • Main definitions of PtH and HtX established and to be merged with CEN/CENELEC hydrogen definitions 8 Category Acronym Definition Power-to-Hydrogen PtH Hydrogen production (and storage when requested) from low-carbon electricity either from the grid or off-grid. Hydrogen-to-Power HtP Supply of electricity to the grid from hydrogen with a fuel cell or a gas turbine Hydrogen-to-Gas HtG-H2 Hydrogen injection in natural gas grid HtG-M synthetic methane injection in natural gas grid, synthetic methane is obtained from Hydrogen from PtH through methanation processes Hydrogen-to-Fuel HtF-H2 Hydrogen in a vehicle to be injected in a fuel cell HtF-S Hydrogen for liquid synfuel applications: liquid biofuels, synthetic liquid fuels, methanol HtF-G Hydrogen for mobility through gas fuels (Hythane®, biogas, synthetic methane) Hydrogen-to- Industry HtI Hydrogen from PtH and for industrial applications (e.g. Refinery) Hydrogen-to-Heat HtQ Hydrogen-to-heat via H2-fired boilers; Hydrogen-to-heat and power via CHPs (fuel cells, turbine etc.) Hydrogen-to- Chemicals HtCh Other pathways to industrial chemical intermediates from hydrogen which we may want to include explicitly: 1. H2 to methanol to C2, C3 olefins 2. H2 to syngas to C2, C3 olefins 3. Methanol/syngas to >C1 hydrocarbons and >C1 alcohols 4. H2 to ammonia and formic acid (which could also be used as alternative renewable energy storage)
  9. 9. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Latest Results: Electrolyzer data • Recent and reliable techno-economic data obtained in order to provide realistic figures for energy system modelling and business cases 9 CAPEX includes : • Transformer(s) • Rectifier(s) • Control panel with PLC • Gas analysers • Water demineralizer/deionizer • Electrolyser stack(s) • Gas separators & recirculating pump • Scrubber OR gas purifier system • Gas separating vessels • Dry piston compressor @ 15 bar (PEM = self-press. up to 20/50 bar) 10 3 10 4 0,1 1 10 100 PEM trendline (Task 33) alcaline (single stack) alcaline (multi-stack) CAPEX(Euro/kW) Power input (MW) 1000 750 500 Comparing alkaline and PEM electrolyser capital expenditures
  10. 10. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Latest Results: Services to the grid • Ancillary and balancing services to the grid have been identified • Constraints to be addressed 10 Off-taker Application Generation plant Stabilizing conventional generation Price arbitrage Distribution system Distribution deferral Transmission system Primary reserve Secondary reserve Tertiary reserve Black-start services Reactive power Transmission deferral End user Peak shaving Time shifting Off-grid storage (prosumer) Community energy storage (prosumer) Residential storage for self-consumption / Home energy storage (prosumer) Uninterruptible power supply Back-up power
  11. 11. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Latest Results: Demonstrations • Over 150 demonstration projects identified • Collection of information concerning hydrogen system demonstrations (in process) • Majority of demonstrations collected to date consider hydrogen production and methanation 11 35% 13% 5% 22% 13% 4% 4% 4% Power-to-Hydrogen (PtH) Hydrogen-to-Power (HtP) Hydrogen-to-Fuel in a vehicle with Fuel Cell (HtF- H2) Hydrogen-to-Gas for synthetic methane injection to grid HtG-M Hydrogen-to-Gas injected into natural gas grid (HtG-H2) Hydrogen-to-Fuel for Synfuel applications (HtF-S) Hydrogen-to-Chemicals (HtCh) Hydrogen-to-Industry (HtI) Preliminary results
  12. 12. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Latest Results: Techno-economic studies and business cases • Collection of studies completed: > 200 items gathered • Over 75% of the studies issued during the last 5 years 12
  13. 13. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Latest Results: Existing regulatory and legal frameworks in varying countries 13 • Several countries regulatory and legal frameworks concerning hydrogen have been collected (in process) • Tax benefits (road taxes, tolls, etc.) and exemptions for electric road vehicles are often present. • Certificate of origins are being considered more and more relevant, especially in relation to gas associated with the gas grid. • Feed-in tariffs (FiT) for bio-methane are present in some countries, but no specific FiT provision is available for hydrogen. • Different allowable hydrogen limits in the gas grid
  14. 14. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Latest Results: Modelling of energy systems including hydrogen • Workshop at the University of Bath on energy system models and the role of hydrogen to discuss the different existing models and recent studies that may include hydrogen • Issues and inconsistencies addressed; need for: • Updated, available, and reliable data • More complete and in-depth models concerning hydrogen to accurately represent the possibilities and capabilities
  15. 15. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Ongoing work: Case studies 15 - 5 case studies were identified: - Power to green ammonia in Chile for blasting industry (mining) - Power to green ammonia produced in Australia and shipped to Japan (to be used as H2) - Power and waste CO2 to green methanol in China - Power to methane in Romania - Power to Hydrogen from Patagonia to Japan
  16. 16. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 Ongoing work: a subsequent Task on data and modelling? Collaboration with Hydrogen Council: 16 18 steering members : 13 founding members + Audi AG, GM, Iwatani Corporation, Plastic Omnium, Statoil ASA 10 supporting members: Mitsui & Co, Plug Power, Faber Industries, Faurecia, First Element Fuel (True Zero), Gore, Toyota Tsusho, Hydrogenics, Ballard, Mitsubishi Subsequent Task on modelling and data: opportunity for collaboration with ETSAP?
  17. 17. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME The issue of data The data is core issue. Acquiring, processing, interpreting, and sharing data is a key element to this study, roadmap construction, modelling, and communication to policymakers and stakeholders concerning PtH and HtX. Goals Task 38 TF Data/ future Task: 1. Offer a central and structured repository 2. Enable data mining 3. Facilitate data sharing 4. Enable a future open data platform 17 Source: PerSEE
  18. 18. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME Task 38 of the Hydrogen technology collaboration programme is dedicated to the analysis of PtH pathways, with a final objective of providing business developers and policy makers with recommendations to enable hydrogen as a key energy carrier for a sustainable integrated energy system Recent work was dedicated to collection, review, and state-of-the-art analysis on hydrogen systems Next steps will involve modelling to develop relevant recommendations and continue data collection and analyses: collaboration with ETSAP on hydrogen modelling and data would be beneficial to energy system modelling, and scenario design. Conclusions 18
  19. 19. AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATION PROGRAMME 19 Contact: task38@cleanhorizon.com paul.lucchese@cea.fr christine.mansilla@cea.fr

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