SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Hydrogen modelling in TIMES – a summary of the inputs, outputs, and best practice RES

IEA-ETSAP
IEA-ETSAP

Hydrogen modelling in TIMES – a summary of the inputs, outputs, and best practice RES Paul Dodds, UCL

1 of 27
Download to read offline
Hydrogen modelling in TIMES
– a summary of the inputs,
outputs, and best practice RES
Paul Dodds
17 December 2020, ETSAP Semi-annual Workshop, Teams
UCL Energy Institute
Hydrogen Reference
Energy System
• Many production and delivery
options (not all are shown here)
• Uses across end-use sectors
• Centralised or decentralised
• Pressure requirements vary
between transport and other
sectors
• Purity requirements vary
between fuel cells and
combustion
• Complements and competes
with electrification
Staffell et al. (2019) The role of hydrogen
and fuel cells in the global energy system
20 bar
80 bar
850 bar
2 bar
0.075 bar
99.97%
99.9%
98%
Pressure
Purity
Representation of hydrogen energy systems in existing models, including
strengths and weaknesses
Hydrogen RES choices – mobility end-uses
ETSAP-TIAM
TIMESPanEU
JMRTJapan
TIMES_VTT
STEM_CH
TIMES-Norway
UKTIMES
IrishTIMES
TIMES_PT
EnOp-TIMES
Hydrogen use in road transport? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 90%
Hydrogen use in rail transport? No No No No Yes No Yes No Yes No 30%
Hydrogen use in shipping? No No No No No Yes No No No No 10%
Hydrogen use in aviation? Yes No No No No No No No No No 10%
Hydrogen RES choices – pressure and purity
ETSAP-TIAM
TIMESPanEU
JMRTJapan
TIMES_VTT
STEM_CH
TIMES-Norway
UKTIMES
IrishTIMES
TIMES_PT
EnOp-TIMES
Hydrogen compression costs? No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 78%
Hydrogen purification costs? No No No No Yes Yes Yes No No 33%
Hydrogen RES choices – stationary end-uses
ETSAP-TIAM
TIMESPanEU
JMRTJapan
TIMES_VTT
STEM_CH
TIMES-Norway
UKTIMES
IrishTIMES
TIMES_PT
EnOp-TIMES
Hydrogen use in industry as a feedstock? No No No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes 40%
Hydrogen use in industry decarbonisation? No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 60%
Hydrogen use for Direct Reduced Iron (DRI)? No No No Yes No 20%
Hydrogen use for synthetic jet fuel? No Yes No No Yes 40%
Hydrogen use for other synthetic liquid fuels? No Yes No No Yes 40%
Hydrogen use in the dairy industry? No Yes No No No 20%
Hydrogen use for building heat? No No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No 50%
Hydrogen for electricity generation? No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No 70%

Recommended

Modelling the energy transition of the south-east region of France: the role ...
Modelling the energy transition of the south-east region of France: the role ...Modelling the energy transition of the south-east region of France: the role ...
Modelling the energy transition of the south-east region of France: the role ...IEA-ETSAP
 
Scenario analysis of data centres in the Irish energy system
Scenario analysis of data centres in the Irish energy systemScenario analysis of data centres in the Irish energy system
Scenario analysis of data centres in the Irish energy systemIEA-ETSAP
 
Ongoing Macro-Stand Alone and CGE modelling approaches at UCL Energy Institute
Ongoing Macro-Stand Alone and CGE modelling approaches at UCL Energy InstituteOngoing Macro-Stand Alone and CGE modelling approaches at UCL Energy Institute
Ongoing Macro-Stand Alone and CGE modelling approaches at UCL Energy InstituteIEA-ETSAP
 
Long-term energy system modelling with improved resolution to address short-t...
Long-term energy system modelling with improved resolution to address short-t...Long-term energy system modelling with improved resolution to address short-t...
Long-term energy system modelling with improved resolution to address short-t...IEA-ETSAP
 
Evaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEU
Evaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEUEvaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEU
Evaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEUIEA-ETSAP
 
The development and impact of the residential sector in TIMES Ireland Model
The development and impact of the residential sector in TIMES Ireland ModelThe development and impact of the residential sector in TIMES Ireland Model
The development and impact of the residential sector in TIMES Ireland ModelIEA-ETSAP
 
Assessment of the long-term potential of 'power to hydrogen' in the energy sy...
Assessment of the long-term potential of 'power to hydrogen' in the energy sy...Assessment of the long-term potential of 'power to hydrogen' in the energy sy...
Assessment of the long-term potential of 'power to hydrogen' in the energy sy...IEA-ETSAP
 
Hydrogen and power system
Hydrogen and power systemHydrogen and power system
Hydrogen and power systemIEA-ETSAP
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...
Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...
Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...IEA-ETSAP
 
Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030
Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030
Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030IEA-ETSAP
 
Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...
Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...
Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...IEA-ETSAP
 
Addressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning models
Addressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning modelsAddressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning models
Addressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning modelsIEA-ETSAP
 
Modelling of offshore wind
Modelling of offshore windModelling of offshore wind
Modelling of offshore windIEA-ETSAP
 
Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...
Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...
Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...IEA-ETSAP
 
Energy Research at the IER
Energy Research at the IEREnergy Research at the IER
Energy Research at the IERIEA-ETSAP
 
How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...
How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...
How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...IEA-ETSAP
 
Sustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of Mauritius
Sustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of MauritiusSustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of Mauritius
Sustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of MauritiusIEA-ETSAP
 
Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...
Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...
Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...IEA-ETSAP
 
Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...
Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...
Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...IEA-ETSAP
 
Modelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES model
Modelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES modelModelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES model
Modelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES modelIEA-ETSAP
 
Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...
Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...
Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...IEA-ETSAP
 
Impact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industry
Impact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industryImpact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industry
Impact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industryIEA-ETSAP
 
Modelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communities
Modelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communitiesModelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communities
Modelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communitiesIEA-ETSAP
 
Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...
Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...
Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...IEA-ETSAP
 
Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...
Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...
Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...IEA-ETSAP
 
Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...
Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...
Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...IEA-ETSAP
 
Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...
Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...
Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...IEA-ETSAP
 
Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...
Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...
Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...IEA-ETSAP
 

What's hot (20)

Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...
Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...
Enhancement to the TIMES Source Code: Enabling REGIONS and TIME-SLICES to be ...
 
Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030
Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030
Impacts of green hydrogen on the Italian power system by 2030
 
Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...
Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...
Project update on Enhancing Flexibility in TIMES: Introducing Ancillary Servi...
 
Addressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning models
Addressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning modelsAddressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning models
Addressing demand uncertainty in long-term planning models
 
Modelling of offshore wind
Modelling of offshore windModelling of offshore wind
Modelling of offshore wind
 
Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...
Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...
Incorporating Homeowners’ Preferences for Heating Systems in the UK TIMES wit...
 
Energy Research at the IER
Energy Research at the IEREnergy Research at the IER
Energy Research at the IER
 
How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...
How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...
How do changes to future technology and fuel developments affect the optimal ...
 
Sustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of Mauritius
Sustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of MauritiusSustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of Mauritius
Sustainable energy and climate mitigation pathways in the Republic of Mauritius
 
Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...
Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...
Planning a reliable power system with a high share of renewables in France by...
 
Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...
Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...
Assess the transition to a circular economy for the energy system: Long-term ...
 
Modelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES model
Modelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES modelModelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES model
Modelling different Thermal Energy Storage (TES) options in a TIMES model
 
Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...
Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...
Impacts of Czech brown coal mines enlargement: assessment by energy model TIM...
 
Impact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industry
Impact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industryImpact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industry
Impact of technology availability on the transition to a net-zero industry
 
Modelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communities
Modelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communitiesModelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communities
Modelling flexible electric vehicle charging in local energy communities
 
Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...
Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...
Energy and environmental impacts of biomass use in the residential Sector: a ...
 
Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...
Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...
Modelling alternative fuel production technologies for the Danish energy and ...
 
Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...
Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...
Development of 2050’s national long-term energy plans for carbon neutrality t...
 
Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...
Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...
Modelling Economically optimal heat supply to low energy building areas – The...
 
Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...
Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...
Connecting the gaps: Energy demand projections and the disparity between curr...
 

Similar to Hydrogen modelling in TIMES – a summary of the inputs, outputs, and best practice RES

Michel Sacotte - Schneider Electric
Michel Sacotte - Schneider ElectricMichel Sacotte - Schneider Electric
Michel Sacotte - Schneider Electriccwiemeexpo
 
From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...
From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...
From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...Global CCS Institute
 
"How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System"
"How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System""How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System"
"How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System"Adam Wray-Summerson
 
Reconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene Complex
Reconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene ComplexReconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene Complex
Reconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene ComplexJim Cahill
 
What will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel Knight
What will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel KnightWhat will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel Knight
What will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel KnightKBC (A Yokogawa Company)
 
Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...
Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...
Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...IEA-ETSAP
 
Flexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogen
Flexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogenFlexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogen
Flexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogenIEA-ETSAP
 
Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...
Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...
Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...Audrey Bayard
 
CSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - Energy
CSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - EnergyCSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - Energy
CSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - EnergyD Murali ☆
 
Energy Efficiency Measures in Cement Industries
Energy Efficiency Measures in Cement IndustriesEnergy Efficiency Measures in Cement Industries
Energy Efficiency Measures in Cement IndustriesDr Ramhari Poudyal
 
Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...
Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...
Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...IEA-ETSAP
 
The performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA tool
The performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA toolThe performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA tool
The performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA toolIEA-ETSAP
 
Overview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&D
Overview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&DOverview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&D
Overview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&DGlobal CCS Institute
 
Mainland condo version August 2018
Mainland condo version  August 2018Mainland condo version  August 2018
Mainland condo version August 2018Gord James
 

Similar to Hydrogen modelling in TIMES – a summary of the inputs, outputs, and best practice RES (20)

Michel Sacotte - Schneider Electric
Michel Sacotte - Schneider ElectricMichel Sacotte - Schneider Electric
Michel Sacotte - Schneider Electric
 
From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...
From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...
From demonstrators to commercial CCS costs - Wilfried Maas, Shell & Member UK...
 
Seca seminar 2013 dn v - harald gundersen
Seca seminar 2013   dn v - harald gundersenSeca seminar 2013   dn v - harald gundersen
Seca seminar 2013 dn v - harald gundersen
 
"How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System"
"How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System""How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System"
"How Gas Engines can help with the Challenges of a Changing Energy System"
 
Reconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene Complex
Reconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene ComplexReconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene Complex
Reconciling Mass And Energy Balances In An Ethylene Complex
 
H2 FUELING DATA USA.pdf
H2 FUELING DATA USA.pdfH2 FUELING DATA USA.pdf
H2 FUELING DATA USA.pdf
 
What will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel Knight
What will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel KnightWhat will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel Knight
What will happen to the Bottom of the Barrel Knight
 
Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...
Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...
Informing the debate around the role of hydrogen in net zero pathways for dif...
 
Thermo north pitchdeck
Thermo north pitchdeckThermo north pitchdeck
Thermo north pitchdeck
 
Flexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogen
Flexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogenFlexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogen
Flexibility with renewable(low-carbon) hydrogen
 
Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...
Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...
Impacts of energy developments on the steel industry by Marcel Genet Laplace ...
 
CSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - Energy
CSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - EnergyCSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - Energy
CSIR-CECRI-Industrial Conclave - Energy
 
Overall Network Issues, Tim Dumenil (Pale Blue Dot) - Industry CCS Workshop, ...
Overall Network Issues, Tim Dumenil (Pale Blue Dot) - Industry CCS Workshop, ...Overall Network Issues, Tim Dumenil (Pale Blue Dot) - Industry CCS Workshop, ...
Overall Network Issues, Tim Dumenil (Pale Blue Dot) - Industry CCS Workshop, ...
 
Energy Efficiency Measures in Cement Industries
Energy Efficiency Measures in Cement IndustriesEnergy Efficiency Measures in Cement Industries
Energy Efficiency Measures in Cement Industries
 
Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...
Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...
Insights from Irish Energy Systems Modelling on Decarbonising Road Freight an...
 
Seca seminar 2013 wilh wilhelmsen - per brinchmann
Seca seminar 2013   wilh wilhelmsen - per brinchmannSeca seminar 2013   wilh wilhelmsen - per brinchmann
Seca seminar 2013 wilh wilhelmsen - per brinchmann
 
The performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA tool
The performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA toolThe performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA tool
The performance of advanced fuels in end-use sectors – EUA tool
 
Overview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&D
Overview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&DOverview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&D
Overview of Current Directions in Carbon Capture R&D
 
Cogeneration
CogenerationCogeneration
Cogeneration
 
Mainland condo version August 2018
Mainland condo version  August 2018Mainland condo version  August 2018
Mainland condo version August 2018
 

More from IEA-ETSAP

Variable Renewable Energy in China's Transition
Variable Renewable Energy in China's TransitionVariable Renewable Energy in China's Transition
Variable Renewable Energy in China's TransitionIEA-ETSAP
 
The Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuels
The Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuelsThe Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuels
The Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuelsIEA-ETSAP
 
The role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transition
The role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transitionThe role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transition
The role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transitionIEA-ETSAP
 
Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...
Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...
Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...IEA-ETSAP
 
Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...
Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...
Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...IEA-ETSAP
 
Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...
Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...
Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...IEA-ETSAP
 
Presentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/Roadmap
Presentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/RoadmapPresentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/Roadmap
Presentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/RoadmapIEA-ETSAP
 
Bioenergy in energy system models with flexibility
Bioenergy in energy system models with flexibilityBioenergy in energy system models with flexibility
Bioenergy in energy system models with flexibilityIEA-ETSAP
 
Reframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCP
Reframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCPReframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCP
Reframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCPIEA-ETSAP
 
Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...
Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...
Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...IEA-ETSAP
 
The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...
The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...
The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...IEA-ETSAP
 
Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...
Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...
Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...IEA-ETSAP
 
Energy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop Turin
Energy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop TurinEnergy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop Turin
Energy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop TurinIEA-ETSAP
 
Integrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiences
Integrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiencesIntegrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiences
Integrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiencesIEA-ETSAP
 
Updates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMR
Updates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMRUpdates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMR
Updates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMRIEA-ETSAP
 
Energy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP Group
Energy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP GroupEnergy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP Group
Energy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP GroupIEA-ETSAP
 
Applying science fiction to approach the future
Applying science fiction to approach the futureApplying science fiction to approach the future
Applying science fiction to approach the futureIEA-ETSAP
 
Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...
Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...
Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...IEA-ETSAP
 
Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...
Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...
Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...IEA-ETSAP
 
A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...
A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...
A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...IEA-ETSAP
 

More from IEA-ETSAP (20)

Variable Renewable Energy in China's Transition
Variable Renewable Energy in China's TransitionVariable Renewable Energy in China's Transition
Variable Renewable Energy in China's Transition
 
The Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuels
The Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuelsThe Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuels
The Nordics as a hub for green electricity and fuels
 
The role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transition
The role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transitionThe role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transition
The role of Norwegian offshore wind in the energy system transition
 
Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...
Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...
Detail representation of molecule flows and chemical sector in TIMES-BE: prog...
 
Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...
Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...
Green hydrogen trade from North Africa to Europe: optional long-term scenario...
 
Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...
Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...
Optimal development of the Canadian forest sector for both climate change mit...
 
Presentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/Roadmap
Presentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/RoadmapPresentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/Roadmap
Presentation on IEA Net Zero Pathways/Roadmap
 
Bioenergy in energy system models with flexibility
Bioenergy in energy system models with flexibilityBioenergy in energy system models with flexibility
Bioenergy in energy system models with flexibility
 
Reframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCP
Reframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCPReframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCP
Reframing flexibility beyond power - IEA Bioenergy TCP
 
Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...
Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...
Decarbonization of heating in the buildings sector: efficiency first vs low-c...
 
The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...
The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...
The Regionalization Tool: spatial representation of TIMES-BE output data in i...
 
Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...
Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...
Synthetic methane production prospective modelling up to 2050 in the European...
 
Energy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop Turin
Energy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop TurinEnergy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop Turin
Energy Transition in global Aviation - ETSAP Workshop Turin
 
Integrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiences
Integrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiencesIntegrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiences
Integrated Energy and Climate plans: approaches, practices and experiences
 
Updates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMR
Updates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMRUpdates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMR
Updates on Veda provided by Amit Kanudia from KanORS-EMR
 
Energy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP Group
Energy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP GroupEnergy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP Group
Energy system modeling activities in the MAHTEP Group
 
Applying science fiction to approach the future
Applying science fiction to approach the futureApplying science fiction to approach the future
Applying science fiction to approach the future
 
Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...
Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...
Will it leak?: Discussions of leakage risk from subsurface storage of carbon ...
 
Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...
Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...
Long-Term Decarbonization Pathways In Emerging Economies: Insights From 12 Mo...
 
A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...
A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...
A Compatible Energy Trilemma Evaluation Framework for Future Decarbonized, De...
 

Recently uploaded

Coffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatie
Coffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatieCoffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatie
Coffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatieMetaSus
 
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installationsSolar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installationsSolar KW Limited
 
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)
Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)
Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)HNO International
 
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPTTypes of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPTrakesh64416
 
澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证
澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证
澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证8cuw8kc0
 
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfadmin944664
 
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesPartnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesGreenBiz Group
 
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi globalKebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi globalCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planetTrees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planetCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...
Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...
Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...Open Access Research Paper
 
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdfThat tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdfdrsk203
 
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptxWEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptxRIZZAMAEVPELOMINO
 
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptxInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptxadmin944664
 
Mangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for Indonesia
Mangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for IndonesiaMangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for Indonesia
Mangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for IndonesiaCIFOR-ICRAF
 
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesGFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesMark Dickey-Collas
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Coffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatie
Coffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatieCoffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatie
Coffs Harbour Australie Handelsmissie presentatie
 
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installationsSolar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
 
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
 
Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)
Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)
Compact Hydrogen Refueling Station(CHRS)
 
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPTTypes of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
Types of Natural Vegetation in India PPT
 
澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证
澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证
澳大利亚国立大学毕业证制作流程ANU毕业证文凭学历学位认证
 
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
 
Smiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual Meeting
Smiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual MeetingSmiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual Meeting
Smiling Faces Photo Reel 2024 Annual Meeting
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
 
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesPartnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
 
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi globalKebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
Kebijakan Blue Carbon dalam operasionalisasi global
 
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planetTrees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
Trees, forests and landscapes for people and the planet
 
Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...
Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...
Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L...
 
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
 
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdfThat tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
 
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptxWEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
 
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptxInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
 
Mangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for Indonesia
Mangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for IndonesiaMangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for Indonesia
Mangrove restoration – where to restore & can we monitor? case for Indonesia
 
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesGFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
 

Hydrogen modelling in TIMES – a summary of the inputs, outputs, and best practice RES

  • 1. Hydrogen modelling in TIMES – a summary of the inputs, outputs, and best practice RES Paul Dodds 17 December 2020, ETSAP Semi-annual Workshop, Teams UCL Energy Institute
  • 2. Hydrogen Reference Energy System • Many production and delivery options (not all are shown here) • Uses across end-use sectors • Centralised or decentralised • Pressure requirements vary between transport and other sectors • Purity requirements vary between fuel cells and combustion • Complements and competes with electrification Staffell et al. (2019) The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in the global energy system 20 bar 80 bar 850 bar 2 bar 0.075 bar 99.97% 99.9% 98% Pressure Purity
  • 3. Representation of hydrogen energy systems in existing models, including strengths and weaknesses
  • 4. Hydrogen RES choices – mobility end-uses ETSAP-TIAM TIMESPanEU JMRTJapan TIMES_VTT STEM_CH TIMES-Norway UKTIMES IrishTIMES TIMES_PT EnOp-TIMES Hydrogen use in road transport? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 90% Hydrogen use in rail transport? No No No No Yes No Yes No Yes No 30% Hydrogen use in shipping? No No No No No Yes No No No No 10% Hydrogen use in aviation? Yes No No No No No No No No No 10%
  • 5. Hydrogen RES choices – pressure and purity ETSAP-TIAM TIMESPanEU JMRTJapan TIMES_VTT STEM_CH TIMES-Norway UKTIMES IrishTIMES TIMES_PT EnOp-TIMES Hydrogen compression costs? No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 78% Hydrogen purification costs? No No No No Yes Yes Yes No No 33%
  • 6. Hydrogen RES choices – stationary end-uses ETSAP-TIAM TIMESPanEU JMRTJapan TIMES_VTT STEM_CH TIMES-Norway UKTIMES IrishTIMES TIMES_PT EnOp-TIMES Hydrogen use in industry as a feedstock? No No No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes 40% Hydrogen use in industry decarbonisation? No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 60% Hydrogen use for Direct Reduced Iron (DRI)? No No No Yes No 20% Hydrogen use for synthetic jet fuel? No Yes No No Yes 40% Hydrogen use for other synthetic liquid fuels? No Yes No No Yes 40% Hydrogen use in the dairy industry? No Yes No No No 20% Hydrogen use for building heat? No No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No 50% Hydrogen for electricity generation? No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No 70%
  • 7. Hydrogen RES choices – supply side ETSAP-TIAM TIMESPanEU JMRTJapan TIMES_VTT STEM_CH TIMES-Norway UKTIMES IrishTIMES TIMES_PT EnOp-TIMES Hydrogen production plants? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 100% Decentralised hydrogen production? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 90% Hydrogen delivery routes? Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 80% Power-to-gas? No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 80% Hydrogen storage? No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 70%
  • 8. Hydrogen RES choices – existing gas networks* * Note that some countries have very limited or no natural gas networks ETSAP-TIAM TIMESPanEU JMRTJapan TIMES_VTT STEM_CH TIMES-Norway UKTIMES IrishTIMES TIMES_PT EnOp-TIMES Injection of small amounts of hydrogen into gas flows? Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No 60% Maximum injection rate? 15% 2% 4% 3% 7.2% 6% Conversion of existing gas networks to deliver hydrogen? No No No No Yes No Yes No Yes No 30%
  • 9. Hydrogen RES choices – delivery technologies ETSAP-TIAM TIMESPanEU JMRTJapan TIMES_VTT STEM_CH TIMES-Norway UKTIMES IrishTIMES TIMES_PT EnOp-TIMES Liquefaction No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No No 40% Transmission pipeline HP Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No Yes No 50% Distribution pipeline HP No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No 40% Distribution pipeline LP No No No No Yes No Yes No Yes No 30% Building pipes LP No No No No No No Yes No No No 10% Road tanker Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No 60% Liquid H2 refuelling station No No No No No No Yes No Yes No 20% Gas H2 refuelling station No No No No No No Yes No Yes No 20% Gas H2 HRS onsite prod No No No No No No Yes No No No 10% Gas field storage No No No No No No Yes No No No 10% Salt cavern storage No Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No 30%
  • 10. Hydrogen RES choices – production technologies ETSAP-TIAM TIMESPanEU JMRTJapan TIMES_VTT STEM_CH TIMES-Norway UKTIMES IrishTIMES TIMES_PT EnOp-TIMES Biomass Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No 70% Biomass CCS Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No 40% Coal Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes No No 50% Coal CCS Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes No No 50% Waste No No No No No No Yes Yes No No 20% Waste CCS No No No No No No Yes No No No 10% Gas SMR Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No 70% Gas SMR CCS Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No 60% Electrolysis Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes 90%
  • 11. Conclusions from the model structure comparison • The level of modelling detail for hydrogen technologies varies widely between models. • Most models contain a basic set of technologies (electrolysis; hydrogen for transport), while some more exotic technologies are considered in very few models. Some technologies can usefully be further disaggregated (e.g. PEM, Alkaline and SOFC electrolysers). • There is much diversity in the modelling of delivery technologies. • Many models enable hydrogen to be used across several sectors. However, for transport, few models consider potential uses in rail, aviation and shipping. • More exotic technologies such as direct reduced iron, power-to-liquids and power-to-milk are starting to be added to models. • Hydrogen-based energy carriers such as ammonia are not generally considered.
  • 12. Comparison of hydrogen production investment costs 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 Biomass Biomass CCS Coal Coal CCS Gas SMR centralised Gas SMR decentralised Gas SMR CCS Electrolysis centralised Electrolysis decentralised Investmentcost(€/kW)
  • 13. Comparison of hydrogen production energy conversion efficiencies 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 Biomass Biomass CCS Coal Coal CCS Gas SMR centralised Gas SMR decentralised Gas SMR CCS Electrolysis centralised Electrolysis decentralised Hydrogenproductionefficiency
  • 14. Comparison of hydrogen delivery investment costs 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 2020 2030 2050 Liquefaction centralised Transmission pipeline HP Distribution pipeline HP Distribution pipeline LP Investmentcost(€/kW)
  • 15. Total hydrogen production in each scenario (PJ) 2020 2030 2040 2050 ETSAP-TIAM_scen1_GBL 2171 5503 21600 31090 ETSAP-TIAM_scen2_GBL 4342 11006 43201 62180 JMRT_scen1_Japan 0 250 332 1065 JMRT_scen2_Japan 0 227 374 1272 uk_times_scen1_uk 5 35 358 837 uk_times_scen2_uk 13 94 1202 2529 TIMES-Norway_scen1_all 0 2 4 19 TIMES-Norway_scen2_all 0 2 11 58 TIMES-Norway_scen3_all 0 9 20 62 STEM_scen1_CH 0 8 17 39 STEM_scen2_CH 0 16 31 65 Irish_TIMES_scen1_IE 0 0 3 21 Irish_TIMES_scen2_IE 0 0 17 39 TIMES-PT_scen1_PT 10 22 57 105 TIMES-PT_scen2_PT 10 22 64 182 TIMES-PT_scen3_PT 10 21 53 99
  • 16. Hydrogen production per capita in 2050 Population GJ/capita Optimal GJ/capita HighH2 Global ETSAP-TIAM 7600 4.1 8.2 Japan 126 8.5 10.1 UK TIMES 67 12.5 37.7 TIMES-Norway 5.4 3.5 11.4 Switzerland 8.6 4.5 7.5 Irish TIMES 4.9 4.3 8.0 TIMES-Portugal 10 10.7 18.2
  • 17. Normalised total hydrogen production in the optimal case 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 2020 2030 2040 2050 ETSAP-TIAM JMRT UK TIMES TIMES-Norway STEM Irish TIMES TIMES-PT
  • 18. Fraction of hydrogen production from electrolysers in the optimal case 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 2020 2030 2040 2050 ETSAP-TIAM JMRT UK TIMES TIMES-Norway STEM Irish TIMES TIMES-PT
  • 19. Fraction of hydrogen from each production route in 2050 ETSAP- TIAM JMRT UK TIMES TIMES- Norway STEM Irish TIMES TIMES-PT Biomass 10% 0% Biomass CCS 29% Coal 14% Waste CCS 1% Gas SMR 46% 0% Gas SMR CCS 99% 24% Decentralised electrolysis 100% 3% Centralised electrolysis 30% 47% Alkaline electrolyser 82% 1% PEM electrolyser 100% 96% Hydrogen from Refinery 6% Hydrogen from Iron and Steel Making 12% Number of options used 4 3 2 1 5 1 3
  • 20. Hydrogen consumption by sector in 2050 ETSAP-TIAM JMRT UK TIMES TIMES- Norway STEM Irish TIMES TIMES-PT Average Agriculture 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Services 0% 55% 12% 0% 3% 0% 1% 10% Industry 39% 0% 65% 52% 6% 0% 38% 29% Residential 0% 39% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% Transport 61% 6% 2% 48% 52% 100% 44% 45% Process 0% 0% 0% 0% 11% 0% 14% 4% Electricity 0% 0% 16% 0% 27% 0% 0% 6%
  • 21. Hydrogen consumption in the transport sector in 2050 ETSAP- TIAM JMRT UK TIMES TIMES- Norway STEM Irish TIMES TIMES-PT Average Cars 0% 100% 0% 0% 50% 0% 0% 21% 2-wheel and 3-wheel bikes 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Light goods vehicles 0% 0% 0% 0% 8% 0% 0% 1% Heavy goods vehicles 4% 0% 0% 100% 38% 100% 4% 35% Buses 0% 0% 15% 0% 4% 0% 96% 16% Trains 0% 0% 76% 0% 0% 0% 0% 11% Ships 0% 0% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% Aviation 96% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 14%
  • 22. Best-practice hydrogen RES Not all hydrogen is equal • Gas or liquid. • Gas pressure ranges from 0.075 bar to 850 bar. • Purity ranges from 75% to 99.99%. • Natural gas/hydrogen mixed fuel • Hydrogen-rich compounds (methane; ammonia; methanol; liquid-organic hydrogen compounds). • Purity and compression requirements vary between end-uses. • Impurities can enter the hydrogen supply in the infrastructure system. • Modelling hydrogen storage needs is a challenge. • Modelling “typical” infrastructure is a geographical challenge. Fully-detailed hydrogen RES Typical RES ETSAP-TIAM
  • 23. Traditional approach to modelling a hydrogen energy system
  • 24. 2030 2040 20502020 UCL Spatial Hydrogen Infrastructure Planning model (SHIPMod) 25 Hydrogen demand supplied 10-year time periods Annual temporal resolution
  • 25. Systems are much messier in practice…
  • 26. My views on best-practice hydrogen modelling principles 1. Breadth of the hydrogen system: 1. A range of potential end-uses across several sectors, particularly non-car transport and industry. 2. Production from fossil fuels and electricity. 3. Hydrogen-derived fuels, including ammonia and synthetic jet fuel. 4. International trade of gaseous and liquefied hydrogen, and ammonia. 2. Model balance: hydrogen production costs should use a consistent methodology with electricity generation costs. Delivery infrastructure should similarly be modelled for both hydrogen and alternatives. 3. The RES design should reflect the likely use of hydrogen and geography of the region – for example, will it be centralised or decentralised? 4. Represent the limitations of infrastructure in the early stages of hydrogen take-up, whether through lumpy investments or constraints. Base these on the relative cost of infrastructure compared to the rest of the hydrogen RES through the transition.