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Energy System Analysis, Fraunhofer ISE

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Energy System Analysis, Fraunhofer ISE

  1. 1. Welcome at Fraunhofer ISE — Christoph Kost and Patrick Jürgens ETSAP Workshop Freiburg, 23rd May 2022 www.ise.fraunhofer.de
  2. 2. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL The Institute in Numbers — Institute Directors: Prof. Dr. Hans-Martin Henning Prof. Dr. Andreas Bett Employees: ca. 1400 Budget 2021: Operation €104.4 million Investment €12.3 million Total €116.7 million Founded in 1981 Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE 09.06.2022 © Fraunhofer ISE Seite 2 Performing research for the energy transition for over forty years
  3. 3. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Our Business Areas 09.06.2022 Seite 3 © Fraunhofer ISE Photovoltaics Energy Efficient Buildings Solar Thermal Power Plants and Industrial Processes Hydrogen Technologies and Electrical Energy Storage Power Electronics, Grids and Smart Systems Fotos: © Fraunhofer ISE
  4. 4. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Reserach Group Energy Systems and Energy Economics Head of Group: Dr. Christoph Kost Planning and Operating Strategies of Power Plants Energy Economics of regional and (inter-) national energy systems Techno-Economic Assessment of Energy Technologies Market Analysis and Business Models Photos © Fraunhofer ISE Transformation and decarbonization analyses Sector coupling issues ▪ Processes, buildings (e.g. WP), traffic (e.g. electromobility) ▪ Multiple technologies are optimized separately ▪ Detailed integration of sector coupling effects Coupled expansion planning for infrastructure measures in GER/EU systems, ▪ storage, power plants (aggregation of data from EE) ▪ Gas grids, electricity grids, hydrogen Market integration and system ▪ optimization of local/decentralized energy systems, properties and districts
  5. 5. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Power System Model (National Level) ENTIGRIS Investment Decision Model (National Level) E2S Energy System Model (National Level) REMod Energy System model & Market Integration (Regional/Unit Level) DISTRICT Energy and City Model (Municipal/City Level) KomMod Model based Energy System Analysis by Fraunhofer ISE Models for our services Grid Models Load Flow Analysis Distribution Grid Planning Power System Operation Control
  6. 6. Regionalization of the integrated sector coupled energy system model REMod — Patrick Jürgens ETSAP Workshop Freiburg, 23rd May 2022 www.ise.fraunhofer.de
  7. 7. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Regionalization of the integrated sector coupled energy system model REMod 09.06.2022 © Fraunhofer ISE Seite 7 Agenda 1. Sector coupling in the model REMod 2. Optimization Results 3. Regionalization: Energy Exchange Function 4. Outlook: REMod-EU
  8. 8. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Sector coupling in the model REMod 09.06.2022 Seite 8 Modeling approach and scope Geographical scope ▪ Germany as one node Conversion and consumption sectors ▪ Inclusion of all consumption sectors ▪ Multiple technologies are optimized separately ▪ Detailed integration of sector coupling effects Optimization ▪ Minimization of transformation costs ▪ Non-linear „Black box“ optimization of realistic simulation Time resolution ▪ Simulation on hourly basis ▪ Including historic timeseries (demand, weather) of five years ▪ Optimization of transformation on yearly basis © Markus Jürgens © Fraunhofer ISE
  9. 9. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Optimization Results 09.06.2022 Seite 9 Transformation path of technologies – renewable energy sources © Markus Jürgens © Fraunhofer ISE
  10. 10. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Optimization Results 09.06.2022 Seite 10 Transformation path of technologies – industry sector © Markus Jürgens © Fraunhofer ISE
  11. 11. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Optimization Results 09.06.2022 Seite 11 Transformation path of technologies – buildings sector © Markus Jürgens © Fraunhofer ISE
  12. 12. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Optimization Results 09.06.2022 Seite 12 Transformation path of technologies – transportation sector © Markus Jürgens © Fraunhofer ISE
  13. 13. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL First energy system model for all sectors on state level 09.06.2022 Seite 15 © Fraunhofer ISE Current Model ▪ Germany as one node ▪ Assumption: energy is available at any place Regionalized Model ▪ Multi-node: each region simulated separately ▪ Simulated energy-exchange between regions ▪ Optimization of electricity grid and gas network
  14. 14. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Regionalization: Simulation with Energy Exchange Function 09.06.2022 Seite 16 © Markus Jürgens © Fraunhofer ISE Calculate residual load Exchange between regions (dis)charging of energy storage Flexible power plants Im/export and load balancing Exchange between regions Exchange between regions balance neighbouring region balance neighbouring region
  15. 15. FHG-SK: ISE-INTERNAL Outlook: REMod-EU 09.06.2022 Seite 17 Modeling approach and scope Data ▪ Development of database ▪ Coupling to models: renewables.ninja, GlobalEnergyGIS.jl, ... ▪ Coupling of public Databases: Energy-Charts, Entso-E, Eurostat, ... Optimization and Calculation Effort ▪ Parallelization ▪ Adjust optimization algorithm ▪ Flexible reduction of optimization variables Scenario Analysis ▪ European Green Deal & Effort Sharing ▪ Network Expansion (Electricity, Gas, H2) ▪ Role of Technologies (e.g. Nuclear, Gas) © Markus Jürgens © Fraunhofer ISE
  16. 16. Thank You for Your Attention! — Dr. Christoph Kost, Patrick Jürgens Energy Systems and Energy Economics Tel. +49 761/4588-5750 christoph.kost@ise.fraunhofer.de patrick.juergens@ise.fraunhofer.de
  17. 17. Thank You for Your Attention! — Dr. Christoph Kost, Patrick Jürgens Energy Systems and Energy Economics Tel. +49 761/4588-5750 christoph.kost@ise.fraunhofer.de patrick.juergens@ise.fraunhofer.de Fraunhofer ISE Heidenhofstraße 2 79110 Freiburg www.ise.fraunhofer.de

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