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Energy Research and the Swiss Energy Strategy 2050

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Energy Research and the Swiss Energy Strategy 2050

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Energy Research and the Swiss Energy Strategy 2050

  1. 1. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ ENERGY RESEARCH OF THE SWISS FEDERAL OFFICE OF ENERGY (SFOE) ©RolfSchmitz
  2. 2. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 2 AGENDA Energy research landscape and financing Swiss Federal Office of Energy: energy research promotion Energy strategy – Example: bio energy – Effects on energy research
  3. 3. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 3 NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL STAKEHOLDERS IN ENERGY RESEARCH NRP Energy Research Professorship Cantons Universities Universities of applied sciences Cities Zürich Geneva Basel … Private Industry FOGA SME FEV Associations Academies SATW a+ IEA Committees Working Parties TCP Multilateral DACH IPGT EC RFP 8: Horizon 2020 SET Plan ERA Nets JTI Fuel Cells and Hydrogen EURATOM COST Abbreviations a+: Energy commission of the Swiss Academies CORE: Federal Energy Research Commission CSEM: Centre Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA CTI: Commission for Technology and Innovation DACH: Cooperation between Germany (D), Austria (A) and Switzerland (CH) DETEC: Federal Department for Environment, Transport, Energy and Communication EAWAG: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology EC: Energy Center EMPA: Swiss Federal Institute for Materials Science and Technology ENSI: Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate ESC: Energy Science Center FEN: Research Center for Energy Networks FEV: Research funds of the oil association FOEN: Federal Office for the Environment FOGA: Research and development funds of the Swiss gas industry IPGT: International Partnership for Geothermal Technology JTI: Joint Technology Initiative KTT: Knowledge and Technology Transfer NRP: National Research Programme PSI: Paul Scherrer Institute REPIC: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in International Cooperation RFP: Research Framework Programme SATW: Swiss Academy of Technical Sciences SCCER: Swiss Competence Centers for Energy Research SERI: State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation SET: Strategic Energy Technology SFOE: Swiss Federal Office of Energy SME: Small and medium enterprises SNSF: Swiss National Sciences Foundation TCP: Technology Cooperation Programme WBF: Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research WSL: Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research Federal Council DETEC EAER SFOE R+D P+D Lighthouse SwissEnergy Technology funds KTT REPIC others others CTI Project promotion SCCER KTT Support Start-up others SNSF SERI Agencies ETH domain ETH Zürich ETH Lausanne PSI / EMPA EAWAG / WSL Ministries Offices Secretariat = Direct involvement of the SFOE FederalNational International = Responsibility = Key federal offices in energy research Technology funds = Leading Office: FOEN CORE
  4. 4. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 4 SOURCES OF PUBLIC PROMOTION OF ENERGY RESEARCH
  5. 5. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 5 DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC PROMOTION OF ENERGY RESEARCH
  6. 6. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 6 ENERGY RESEARCH PROMOTION
  7. 7. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 7 INNOVATION CHAIN: FROM BASIC RESEARCH TO MARKET
  8. 8. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 8 PROMOTION BY SFOE: TWO DIFFERENT INSTRUMENTS Research projects, 15.6 million CHF (top-down and bottom-up) 0–100% promotion universities and privates standard: subsidiarity no possibilities for appealing criteria: masterplan, budget Pilot, demonstration and light house projects, 35 million CHF (bottom-up) max. 40% of not amortizable costs: pilots in labs of universities up to 40% of projects costs universities and privates no possibilities for appealing criteria: renewable energy or energy efficiency
  9. 9. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 9 RESEARCH PROGRAMS OF THE SFOE  Bioenergy  Geothermal energy  High temperature solar energy  Photovoltaics  Solar heat and heat storage  Hydro  Hydrogen  Wind energy  Fuel cells  Electricity technologies  Buildings and communities  Grids  Combustion  Industrial processes  Mobility  Heat pump technologies  Energy–economy–society  Dams  Radioactive waste Renewables (∼6.1 million CHF) Energy efficiency (∼7.4 million CHF) Society and economy (∼2.1 million CHF) P+D+L (∼35 million CHF)  Pilot, demonstration and light house projects
  10. 10. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 10 INTERNATIONAL COORDINATION International Energy Agency (IEA) 22 of 38 Technology Collaboration Programs Advanced Fuel Cells Advanced Motor Fuels Bioenergy Demand Side Management Energy Efficient End-Use Equipment Emissions Reduction in Combustion Energy in Buildings and Communities Energy storage Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme Gas and Oil Technologies Geothermal Energy Research and Technology Greenhouse Gases Heat Pumping Technologies High-Temperature Super Conductivity on the Electric Power Sector Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Technologies Hydrogen Industrial Technologies and Systems International Smart Grid Action Network Photovoltaic Power Systems Solar Heating and Cooling Systems Solar-PACES Wind Energy Systems EU: European Research Area Network ERA-Net CFA Smart Cities and Communities ERA-Net CFA Smart Grids ERA-Net CFA CCS ERA-Net CFA Solar ERA-Net CFA Geothermie ERA-Net CFA Energy efficiency in industry and services ERA-Net+ Biomass ERA-Net Geothermie ERA-Net PV Multilateral Cooperation MoU D-A-CH zu Smart Grids (DACH) MoU D-A-CH zu Smart Cities (DACH) MoU International Partnership for Geothermal Technology (IPGT: CH, USA, AUS, ISL, NZ)
  11. 11. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 11 ENERGY STRATEGY 2050
  12. 12. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 12 ENERGY STRATEGY 2050 Production targets Electricity from renewables 2020: +4.4 TWh 2035: +11.4 TWh Hydro 2035: +37.4 TWh Consumption targets (vs. 2000) Energy per capita 2020: –16 % 2035: –43 % Electricity per capita 2020: –3 % 2035: –13 % Electricity supply, «Political Measures» scenario, option «C&E» 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 TWh bestehende Wasserkraftwerke neue Wasserkraftwerke bestehende Kernkraftwerke bestehende fossile KW bestehende Bezugsrechte bestehende Erneuerbare* neue fossile WKK neue Erneuerbare* neue Kombikraftwerke neue Kernkraftwerke neue Importe Bruttonachfrage Hydrologisches Jahr*) gekoppelt und ungekoppelt (c) Prognos 2012 Existing hydropower plants Existing fossil-fuelled power plants New fossil-fuelled power plants New nuclear power plants New hydropower plants Existing purchase rights New renewable energy New imports Existing nuclear power plants Existing renewable energy New cogeneration plants Gross demand coupled and uncoupled Hydrological year
  13. 13. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 13 ENERGY STRATEGY 2050 Grande Dixence 285 m, 2365 masl Verzasca 220 mGrimsel 114 m,1767 masl Gigerwald 135 m,1335 masl Mauvoisin 250 m, 1961 masl Lindt-Limmern 2500 masl
  14. 14. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 14 ENERGY STRATEGY 2050: POLITICAL ISSUES Climate act Gas supply act Energy strategy 2050 First phase Second phase (2021+) Transition from promotion system to steering mechanism Electricity grids strategy Energy perspectives 2050 parlament. initiative 12.400 Negotiations with EC on electricity agreement Revision of electricity supply act Second stage of market liberalisation Revision WRG water tax = already realised Initial package of measures Energy research action plan Related ordinances
  15. 15. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 15 INITIAL PACKAGE OF MEASURES: WHAT IS NEW IN GENERAL? National interest (Energy act Art. 12)  Use of renewables energy is of national interest Permitting procedures (Energy act Art. 14)  Cantons have to assure fast permitting procedures  Federal council may decide without building permit of Cantons Bench marks: electricity and energy consumption per capita compared to 2000 (Energy act Art. 3)  Energy consumption: –16% until 2020 and –43% until 2035  Electricity consumption: –3% until 2020 and –13% until 2035 Targets for domestic production of renewable energy, excluding hydropower (Energy act Art. 2)  2020 4.4 TWh  2035 11.4 TWh  2050 24.2 TWh (vision)
  16. 16. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 16 INITIAL PACKAGE OF MEASURES: WHAT IS NEW FOR BIOMASS? Certificates of origin for bio gas are possible (Energy act Art. 12) Obligation for network operators to pay remuneration: electricity and bio gas (Energy act Art. 15) Feed- in tariffs for biomass (electricity) bud NOT possible for (EnG Art. 19)  waste-to-energy plants / waste incineration plants  waste water treatment plants  plants using (partly) fossil fuels Investment subsidies for new biomass plants and considerable expansion (Energy act Art. 24, 26) waste-to-energy plants, waste water treatment plants, wood-fired plants of regional importance up to a max. of 20% of the eligible investment cost Cantons may regulate the use of renewables and waste heat in buildings (Energy act Art. 45)
  17. 17. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 17 FINANCING COMES FROM THE NETWORK SURCHARGE Timeframe: feed-in tariff until 2022, investments until 2030 Electricity consumption 2016: 62.6 TWh ► 1.44 billion CHF 0.03 ct/kWh for investments = 18.8 million CHF 1.3 ct/kWh for feed-in-tariff = 813.9 million CHF Total max. 2.3 cents/kWh
  18. 18. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 18 ENERGY STRATEGY: ACTION PLAN COORDINATED ENERGY RESEARCH Message to the Parliament ► Five action fields identified: Efficiency Grids Storage Electricity production Socio-economic ► 2013–2016: 202 million CHF ► 2017–2020: 139 million CHF
  19. 19. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 19 ENERGY STRATEGY: ACTION PLAN COORDINATED ENERGY RESEARCH Competitive promotion of energy projects by CTI 4 years 46 million CHF 2013–2016 4 years 19 million CHF 2017–2020 Pilot and demonstration program (SFOE) per year 25 million CHF 2013+ Lighthouse program (SFOE) per year 10 million CHF 2013–2020 National Research Programmes NRP 5 years 45 million CHF 2014–2019 «Energy Turnaround» and «Managing Energy Consumption» SNSF Professorship 4 years 24 million CHF 2013–2016 ETH-domain infrastructure 1 time 40 million CHF 2013 capacity building 1 time 20 million CHF 2013 8 Swiss Competence Centers in Energy Research (SCCER) 4 years 72 million CHF 2013–2016 4 years 120 million CHF 2017–2020
  20. 20. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 20 SWISS COMPETENCE CENTERS FOR ENERGY RESEARCH (SCCER)
  21. 21. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ ORGANIZATION OF SCCER AND SUPERVISION 21 Supervision by CTI Governing board Chair: President of CTI 6 members (national) Observer: SFOE Evaluation panel (board) 10 member (national/international) Evaluation panel (experts) 11 member (national/international)
  22. 22. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 22 SWISS ENERGY RESEARCH LANDSCAPE 2012 TO 2020 2012 UAS ETH Uni Energyresearchrelevance Week link between different types of universities Exception: ETH domain 2016 UAS ETH Uni Link between different types of universities established 2020 UAS ETH Uni Strong link between all types of universities realized
  23. 23. IEA TCP ETSAP 2017 ▪ ROLF SCHMITZ 23 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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