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Panel 1: F Higgins-Desbiolles_AUSTRALIA: Still in Terra Nullius

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Panel 1: Freya Higgins-Desbiolles | University of South Australia
Video: https://rebrand.ly/T4SDs19_Panel1
Panel 1: Indigenous development, tourism & the SDGs |
Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals Conference 2019, 24-25 Jan 2019, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

Published in: Travel
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Panel 1: F Higgins-Desbiolles_AUSTRALIA: Still in Terra Nullius

  1. 1. Freya Higgins-Desbiolles School of Management University of South Australia "White people need to understand Aboriginal law and that Tjukurpa [the Dreaming] is in the land. People need to not just talk mining, money, cars and cattle. They need to open their hearts, let the wind that blows across my country talk to them. Understand that Anangu Maru are alive and living on our land, looking after it as our grandmothers and grandfathers did, following the law.” - NGANYINYTJA, Co-Founder of Desert Tracks
  2. 2. ▪An agenda that bears critical scrutiny: ▪It is universalistic, materialistic and tainted with exploitative, colonising agendas
  3. 3. ▪ 1989 the Hawai'i Ecumenical Coalition issued The Hawai'i Declaration on Tourism. ▪ It declared a “state of emergency in regard to the survival, the well-being and the status of the Native Hawaiian people” & the fragile natural environment of Hawai’i” ▪ “Tourism is not an indigenous practice; nor has it been initiated by the Native Hawaiian people. Rather, tourism promotion and development has been directed and controlled by those who already control wealth and power, nationally and internationally. Its primary purpose is to make money”.
  4. 4. ▪ Tourism as assimilation ▪ Kyle Powys Whyte “mutually advantageous exploitation” (2011) ▪ Tourism as a tool for reconciliation between Indigenous & non- Indigenous ▪ Tourism as a means of solidarity & sharing between Indigenous Peoples (Peters & Higgins-Desbiolles, 2012) ▪ Tourism as a means of self-determination
  5. 5. ▪ Oldest living cultures on earth, going back more than 60,000 years ▪ The Dreaming gives laws and lifeways that have sustained people & place ▪ Bruce Pascoe’s Dark Emu (2015) challenges settler-colonial narratives ▪ Fault lines of the Cultural Wars- symbolic with Australia Day & material with the rejection of the Uluru Statement from the Heart
  6. 6. ▪ Whyte, K. P. (2011). Poverty Tourism and the Problem of Consent, Journal of Global Ethics, 7(3), pp. 337-348. ▪ Pascoe, B. (2015). Dark Emu: Back seeds: Agriculture or accident? Magabala Books. ▪ Peters, A. & Higgins-Desbiolles, F. (2012). De-Marginalising Tourism Research: Indigenous Australians As Tourists. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 19, pp. 1-9.

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